National Gallery of Armenia
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|National Picture Gallery of Armenia|
|Հայաստանի ազգային պատկերասրահ|
The National Gallery and the History Museum
|Collection size||26,000 artworks|
The National Picture Gallery of Armenia (NPGA) is one of the biggest museums of the Republic of Armenia, located in its capital, Yerevan.
The National Picture Gallery of Armenia or NPGA was founded in 1921 under the Decree of the Armenian SSR and represents the artistic section of the State museum. Upon its establishment the NPGA's art section encountered serious difficulties, largely due to the fact that Yerevan lacked state owned and private centerpieces on which it could base its exhibitions. The first pieces Yerevan obtained consisted of dozens of works purchased from an Armenian painters' exhibition in August 1921.
A decisive factor in the founding of the art section was the handover of the valuable collection of The Armenian Cultural Center (the former Lazarian Seminary, Moscow) and also the donations made by Armenian artists to the NPGA. By 1925 400 pieces by Armenian, Russian and European artists were on display throughout the six halls which compose the museum's art section.
By 1935, the state art section, which had undergone many refurbishments, became a separate Art Museum. In 1947 the gallery was re-dubbed the State Picture Gallery of Armenia and subsequently renamed the National Picture Gallery of Armenia in 1991. The picture gallery's large collection of works are on display thanks to the efforts of many dedicated compatriots and friendly donations from foreign associates. The NPGA currently houses around 26,000 works of art, many of which are permanently displayed in its 56 halls.
Armenian art makes up a large part of the exhibition, beginning with ancient and Medieval Art: Urartu frescoes and valuable documental copies of Garni Temple’s mosaics and Medieval wall-paintings and miniatures. The museum also hosts Clerical paintings ranging from the 17th-19th centuries, silver book-covers of manuscripts, crosses, etc.
The exhibition also holds Armenian classics /H.Hovnatanian, H.Ayvazovski, G.Bashinjaghian, P. Terlemezian, V. Sureniants, W. Mahokian / by works of 20th-century artists /M. Saryan, H. Kojoyan, H. Gurdjian, E. Chahine, G. Khanjian, M. Avetisian and many more.
Russian art is also present in the NPGA's collection. These include sacred images from the 16th and 17th centuries and works of well-known artists from the 18th–20th-century F. Rokotov, I. Argunov, F. Shubin, I. Repin, V. Serov, M. Goncharova, I. Mashkov, S. Konenkov, V. Kandinsky, M. Chagal etc.
NPGA has also incorporated a foreign art section, beginning with works from ancient egypt and ancient Greece up to works by well-known artists from Italy, Holland, Belgium and French art schools F. Guerchino, Jan Van Goyen, P. Claesz, E. M. Falconet, J. B. Greuze, T. Rousseau, A. Monticelli.
The Oriental arts section is highly colourful, boasting samples of Iranian, Chinese and Japanese decorative and applied art, ornamented porcelain and faience service-sets. Said pieces are made from an array of materials from stone and metal right through to chilling bone-made pieces. Carved furniture by valuable Indian medieval artists also feature, with fresco copies made by the Armenian artist S. Khatchatrian. Iranian paintings from the 19th century also flood the halls with their bold intricate design.
In 2008, a pavilion was opened specifically for Hakob Gurjian’s works. Also reopened. This refuge has since been extended and reopened exhibiting Armenian Clerical art from the 17th-19th centuries .
The restoration and conservation studios operate in the gallery. The premesis is further enhanced with a moderately sized library/archive, cafeteria, souvenir and book store and film and a lecturing hall.
The NPGA also lends to international exhibitions with works from her collection, helping to organizize exhibitions of Armenian art in different countries to see that Armenia's works are appreciated by citizens around the world. The National Gallery has branch museums in Yerevan/ H.Kojoyan and A.Sargsian home-museum, Jotto /G. Grigorian studio/,in Echmiadzin/The Echmiadzin gallery, Mher Abeghian museum/in Hrazdan/Hrazdan gallery/,in Jermuk/The Jermuk gallery/,in Sisian/The Sisian gallery/, in Alaverdi/The Alaverdi gallery/in Eghegnadzor /The Eghjegnadzor gallery/, in Gavar/the Academician H.Buniatian Gavar gallery/, in Martuni/the Martuni gallery/and in Jajur the M. Avetissian museum/.
In the years prior the gallery was directed by R. Drambian /1925-1951/, R.Parsamian /1952-1962/, A.Chilingarian/1962-1967/, E.Isabekian/ 1967-1986/, A.TerGabrielian/ 1986-1990/, Sh.Khatchatrian/ 1991-2002/ and P.Mirzoyan/2002/ noted artists who have great contributed to the recognition and popularisation of the collection and even provided aid in scientific research.
- Pharaon Mirzoyan (2002 - present)
- Shahen Khachatryan (1991-2002)
- Alexandr Ter-Gabrielyan (1987-1990)
- Eduard Isabekyan (1967-1987)
- Armen Chilingaryan (1962-1967)
- Ruben Parsamyan (1952-1962)
- Ruben Drampyan (1925-1951)
- Lydia Durnovo, art historian and restorer
- "INFO ABOUT NATIONAL GALLERY OF ARMENIA - English". Profile page of NGA. National Gallery of Armenia. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
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