National Guard (Bahrain)

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National Guard
الحرس الوطني
Insignia of the National Guard of Bahrain.svg
National Guard Insignia
Founded 1997
Country Bahrain
Allegiance Bahrain
Branch Army
Type Land Force
Role Land warfare
Size 2,000
Part of King of Bahrain
Garrison/HQ Manama, Bahrain
Engagements Bahraini uprising (2011–present)
Commander Mohammed bin Isa Al Khalifa
National Guard flag Flag of the National Guard of Bahrain.svg
Emblem of Bahrain.svg
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The National Guard of Bahrain (Arabic: الحرس الوطني‎) is a separate military force in Bahrain that serves both as defence force against external threats and as a security force against internal threats. It was established in 1997, through a royal decree by then Emir Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa.[1]

External images
Photo showing members of the Bahraini National Guard arrest Wall Street Journal reporter Alex Delmar-Morgan as he walks towards Pearl Square on 16 March 2011 from the Daily Mail, 17 March 2011

The National Guard is currently commanded by Major-General Mohammed bin Isa Al Khalifa, brother of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa.[2][3] It consists of about 2,000 personnel.[4]

The National Guard has been involved in the Bahrain government's violent crackdown on pro-democracy protesters during the Bahraini uprising.[5]

The National Guard consists of many non-Bahraini personnel, and during the Bahraini uprising recruited heavily from Pakistan through the Fauji Foundation.[6][7][8][9]


  1. ^ "Decree No 1 of the Year 1997 on the Establishment and Formation of the National Guard". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 7 January 1997. 
  2. ^ Monroe, William (9 April 2007). "Prominent Shias Paint Gloomy Picture of Shia Outlook in Bahrain". WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks cable:07MANAMA328. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "HM King Hamad Visits the National Guard". Bahrain News Agency. 3 March 2011. 
  4. ^ "Bahrain". The 2011 US Department of State Background Notes. Retrieved 2 March 2012. Bahrain also has a national guard that consists of about 2,000 personnel. 
  5. ^ "Bahrain Defence Force General Command". Bahrain News Agency. 16 March 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Pakistani troops aid Bahrain's crackdown". 30 July 2011. 
  7. ^ "Overseas Employment Services: Fauji Foundation headhunts for Bahrain’s security units". The Express Tribune. 11 March 2011. 
  8. ^ Riedel, Bruce (2 August 2011). "The New Bahrain-Pakistan Alliance". The National Interest. 
  9. ^ "Bahrain's Foreign Police Add to Tensions". The Wall Street Journal. 25 March 2011.