Freeway 3 (Taiwan)
|Maintained by Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau|
|Length:||430.5 km (267.5 mi)|
|Existed:||January 19th, 1993 – present|
|Counties:||Keelung, New Taipei, Taipei,
Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Changhua,
Nantou, Yunlin, Chiayi, Pingtung
Freeway No. 3 (Chinese: 國道三號), also known as Formosa Freeway, is the second North-South freeway in Taiwan. It begins in Keelung City at Jijin Interchange on the Provincial Highway No. 2 (Jijin Road) and ends in Linbian, Pingtung on the Provincial Highway No. 17.
The total length of the highway is 430.5 km (267.5 mi), with 55 interchanges, 13 junctions, 11 toll stations, and 7 service areas en route. Aside from the 55 public interchanges, there are also some interchanges reserved for governmental usage.
Freeways in Taiwan are officially coded "Freeways" with their respective numbers. By this principle, Freeway No. 3 is coded Freeway No. 3 (國道三號) in official documents or on road signs. Besides the numeric name, on 1 November 2004 it was named the Formosa Freeway (福爾摩沙高速公路) in a naming competition; however, its old alias Second Freeway (第二高速公路 or 北二高) is more popular among the road users.
This freeway is actually a bypass form. It was mostly routed through suburban and rural areas of Western Taiwan. Various expressways and east-west freeways link Freeway 3 with urban areas typically served by Freeway 1. The purpose of this freeway is to inspire the economic activities in the rural area.
Passing through (under development, Stage 1 below)
The freeway passes through the places below.
- Keelung Port, Keelung (near Downtown Keelung)
- Anle, Keelung (near Downtown Keelung)
- Badu, Keelung (Undeveloped Wilderness Village)
- Xizhi, New Taipei City (JCT with Freeway 1)
- Nangang, Taipei City (JCT with Huandong Blvd. Expressway to Neihu and Downtown Taipei)
- Muzha, Taipei City (JCT with Freeway 3A linking Downtown Taipei)
- Xindian, New Taipei City (and Ankeng)
- Zhonghe, New Taipei City (JCT with Expressway 64 to Downtown New Taipei, or Banchiao and Sanchong)
- Tucheng, New Taipei City (JCT with Expressway 65 to the industrial park on New Taipei)
- Sanxia, New Taipei City
- Yingge, New Taipei City
- Daxi, Taoyuan County
- Longtan, Taoyuan County
- Guanxi, Hsinju County
- Judong, Hsinju County
- Xiangshan, Hsinju City (Near Downtown Hsinju)
The original plan was only intended to build a second freeway between Taipei and Hsinchu. The construction began in 1987. Tucheng IC - Sanying IC was opened in January 1993, followed by Zhonghe IC to Hsinchu SIC in August 1993. Extension from Hsinchu SIC to Xiangshan IC was finished in February 1996. In March 1996, Xizhi SIC - Muzha IC was opened. The final phrase of the north section was Muzha IC. - Zhonghe IC, which was completed in August 1997. The extension between Xizhi SIC and Jijin IC completed in August 2000.
The construction of the freeway south of Hsinchu City began in 1993. In February 2000, Xinhua JCT. - Jiuru IC. was open for the traffic. It was followed by Douliu IC - Xinhua JCT. In November 2001, Xiangshan IC. - Zhunan IC in December 2001, Zhunan IC - Houlong IC in May 2002, Caotun IC - Douliu IC in June 2002, Zhonggang SIC - Longjing IC in October 2002, and Houlong IC - Zhonggang JCT., Kuaiguan IC - Caotun IC in January 2003. The entire project was completed in January 2004 when Longjing IC - Kuaiguan IC was opened.
On April 25, 2010, a landslide occurred on a segment of Highway 3 near Xizhi, large amount of dirt buried both directions of the freeway. Four cars were buried under the debris, killing four people. Bad hillside anchoring was blamed as a possible cause, as it had not been raining at the time of the collapse, and an earthquake was not registered.
Repairs to the freeway were completed on June 19, 2010 and normal traffic flow restored.
Major cities that have exit along the route
- Keelung City
- New Taipei City
- Taipei City
- Hsinchu City
- Eastern Taichung City
- Changhua City
- Nantou City
- Douliu City
Intersections with other freeways and expressways
- Provincial Highway No. 62 at Madong JCT. in Keelung City
- Freeway No. 11 at Xizhi JCT. in New Taipei City
- Provincial Highway No. 5 at Nangang IC. in New Taipei City
- Freeway No. 5 at Nangang JCT. in Taipei City
- Freeway No. 3A at Muzha IC. in Taipei City
- Provincial Highway No. 64 at Zhonghe IC. in New Taipei City
- Freeway No. 2 at Yingge JCT. in New Taipei City
- Provincial Highway No. 66 at Daxi IC. in Taoyuan City
- Freeway No. 1 at Hsinchu JCT. in Baoshan, Hsinchu
- Provincial Highway No. 61 at Xibin IC. in Zhunan, Miaoli
- Freeway No. 4 at Zhonggang JCT. in Taichung City
- Freeway No. 1 at Changhua JCT. in Changhua City
- Provincial Highway No. 74 at Kuaiguan IC. in Changhua City
- Provincial Highway No. 63 at Zhongtou IC. in Taichung City
- Freeway No. 6 at Zhongheng JCT. in Taichung City
- Provincial Highway No. 76 at Zhongxing JCT. in Caotun, Nantou
- Provincial Highway No. 78 at Gukeng JCT. in Gukeng, Yunlin
- Provincial Highway No. 82 at Shuishang JCT. in Shuishang, Chiayi
- Provincial Highway No. 84 at Guantian JCT. in Tainan City
- Freeway No. 8 at Xinhua JCT. in Tainan City
- Provincial Highway No. 86 at Guanmiao IC. in Tainan City
- Freeway No. 10 at Yanchao JCT. in Kaohsiung City
- Provincial Highway No. 88 at Zhutian JCT. in Zhutian, Pingtung
The lanes in each direction are listed below.
- 4 lanes:
- Zhonghe IC. - Yingge JCT.
- Wufeng IC. - Nantou IC.
- 3 lanes:
- Jijin IC. - Zhonghe IC.
- Yingge JCT. - Wufeng IC.
- Nantou IC. - Jiuru IC.
- 2 lanes:
- Jiuru IC. - Linbian End
- 北二高走山 4人罹難 (in Chinese). Central News Agency. 2010-04-28.
- 國道3號3.1公里崩塌路段6月19日12時恢復主線雙向3車道通行 (in Chinese). Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau. 2010-06-18.