National Historic Trail

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National Historic Trail is a designation for a protected area in the United States containing historic trails and surrounding areas. They are part of the National Trails System.

National Historic Trails were authorized under the National Parks and Recreation Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-625),[1] amending the National Trails System Act of 1968 (Public Law 90-543), which had introduced National Scenic Trails and National Recreation Trails. National Scenic Trails and National Historic Trails may only be designated by an act of Congress.

National Historic Trails are designated to protect the remains of significant overland or water routes to reflect the history of the nation. Most of them are highway routes and are not hiking trails, although they provide opportunities for hiking and other outdoor activities along their routes. Only one is a water trail, Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail.

List of National Historic Trails[edit]

Trail Name Year Established Length Authorized
Oregon National Historic Trail 1978 2,170 miles (3,490 km)
Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail 1978 1,300 miles (2,100 km)
Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail 1978 3,700 miles (6,000 km)
Iditarod National Historic Trail 1978 2,350 miles (3,780 km)
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail 1980 275 miles (443 km)
Nez Perce National Historic Trail 1986 1,170 miles (1,880 km)
Santa Fe National Historic Trail 1987 1,203 miles (1,936 km)
Trail of Tears National Historic Trail 1987 2,200 miles (3,500 km)
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail 1990 1,200 miles (1,900 km)
California National Historic Trail 1992 5,665 miles (9,117 km)
Pony Express National Historic Trail 1992 1,966 miles (3,164 km)
Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail 1996 54 miles (87 km)
El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail 2000 404 miles (650 km)
Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail 2000 175 miles (282 km)
Old Spanish National Historic Trail 2002 2,700 miles (4,300 km)
El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail 2004 2,580 miles (4,150 km)
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail 2006 3,000 miles (4,800 km)
Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail 2008 290 miles (470 km)
Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail 2009 600 miles (970 km)
Total: 33,002 miles (53,112 km)

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