National Historical Museum (Albania)
|The National Historical Museum of Albania|
|Location||Skanderbeg Square, Tirana, Albania|
The National Historical Museum (Albanian: Muzeu Historik Kombëtar) in Tirana, Albania, is the country's largest museum. It was opened on 28 October 1981 and is 27,000 square metres in size, while 18,000 square metres are available for expositions. The museum was designed by Albanian architect Enver Faja.
The construction of the museum required the demolition of the former Tirana Municipal Building. The gigantic mosaic appearing at the main entrance is entitled The Albanians.
Antiquity Pavilion. The exhibited objects start with the Late Palaeolithic and end with objects pertaining to the first part of the Middle Ages (4th–7th centuries). Visitors can observe distinguished objects of the prehistoric homes of Maliq, that represent the flourishing of the Neolithic from the mid-4th millennium up to the year 2600 BC, the silver and bronze coins date back to the 5th century BC and are exhibited in display cases surrounded by bas-reliefs of the same period, coined in honor of the Illyrian Kings, Monunius and Gentius, in the towns of Scutari, Lezha Amantias, also with a great interest are the sculptures of the school of Apollonia.
Middle Ages Paviilon. The visitors have the chance to learn about the economic, social, political and cultural development of the Albanians, who have preserved their typical characteristics, also resistance against the ruling of Byzantines, French, Turks and Serbs.
National Renaissance Pavilion. It expresses a clear view of the economic, political and cultural development of Albania from the beginning of the 19th century. Through the objects on exhibition the visitor has the possibility to get to know better the Albanian handicraft productions in the various cities of Albania, like Skutari, Lezhe, Prizren, Elbasan, Berat, Korça, etc.
Pavilion of Independence. It starts with the activities of the National Government of Valona and the organization of the Albanian independent State. The visitors, through the documents and cartography, have the chance to know the unjust decisions of the Conference of the Ambassadors that took place in London in 1913, concerning the borders of Albania. Also are illustrated decisions and the denunciation of the secret treaty of London in 1915, which limited the further expansion of Albanian territories.
Iconographic Pavilion. In this section the visitors has the chance to know some great masters of the Albanian iconography: Onufri, his son Nikola, Onufër Qipriotin, Kostandin Shpatarakun, David Selenicasin, Kostandin and Athanas Zografi, Mihal Anagnosti, the Çetiri brothers, Kostandin Jeremonaku and many anonymous authors. A special mention goes to Onufri, the great Albanian painter, the great iconographer of the 16th century, who has created works of an elevated qualitative level and has strongly influenced the development of the byzantine art in Albania.
Ethnographic Pavilion. In this pavilion are introduced the traditional garments of the various Albanian regions (19th and 20th centuries): Tirana, Zadrima, Korca, Gjirokastra, Kukes, Laberia, of the Great Mountains and 32 garments of the arberesh in Italy. In a separate corner are exhibited different copper and aluminium objects of past centuries, which have been part of the Albanian life.
Pavilion of the Anti-Fascist War
Pavilion of the Anti-Fascist War. In this pavilion the vicissitudes of the war of Valona (1920) are introduced, followed by the events of years `20 - `30 and of the fascist dictatorship of Benito Mussolini. The War of Spain and the Albanian volunteers who participated in it have an important role. For the first time in this section the antifascism in Çamëri and the organization of the population against fascism, with many relics of people who died during the war against the Italian-German Nazi-fascism, are documented.
Pavilion of the Communist Genocide. It has been inaugurated in 1996 and comprises the events that took place between 1943 and 1992. An important place is dedicated to the presentation, through documents and photos, of the operations, of the winding up of the anti-communist forces, the special court for the political opponents during the time of war and also the liquidation of the opposition party. Also the vicissitudes against clergy, religions and institutions are documented.
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