Instituto Nacional de Migración
The Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM) (Spanish for National Institute of Migration) is a unit of the government of Mexico dependent on the Secretariat of the Interior that controls and supervises migration in the country.
Grupos Beta (Beta Groups) is a service by the National Institute of Migration (INM) of Mexico offering water, medical aid, and information to immigrants at risk within the Mexican borders.
Officials of Child Protection 'OFICIALES DE PROTECCIÓN A LA INFANCIA' (OPIS) are Mexican Federal Migration Agents whose main task is to ensure respect for the human rights of children and adolescent migrants, especially children unaccompanied by an adult.
Since 1999, the INM approved the increase from 16 to 32 regional offices, one for every state of Mexico and the Federal District. It also has 45 migration stations concentrated on border states (land), Mexico City (air) and the Gulf of Mexico (sea). These stations are:
- People who traveled to other countries through Mexico: 114,000
- Number of undocumented immigrants:
- By outcome
- Deported out of Mexico: 211,218
- Detained in Mexico: 215,695
- By country of origin:
- Foreign visitors registered and documented: 23,048,000
- Foreign people, permanently residing in Mexico, re-entering the country: 1,582
- Temporary workers from Guatemala re-entering the country: 41,894
- Foreign people entering the country temporarily: 19,614,710
- By reason of entry
- Tourists: 8,770,686
- Business travelers: 413,619
- Other: 10,430,405
- People who entered to apply for residency: 8,513
- People who received Mexican citizenship: 1,582
- People who regularized their immigration status: 4,373
- By country:
- By state of residence:
- Chiapas: 1,571
- Federal District: 517
- Baja California: 305
- Jalisco: 266
- Quintana Roo: 222
- Tamaulipas: 275
- Campeche: 160
- Chihuahua: 119
- Veracruz: 108
- By gender:
- Women: 2,214
- Men: 2,159
Controversy and public demonstrations against
On various occasions this agency has been identified as one of the biggest perpetrators of violence in "securing" foreign nationals who enter Mexico temporarily (primarily Central Americans).
Another factor that has sparked the outrage of the Mexican public is the racism inherent to immigration inspections because dark skinned Mexican citizens are "confused" with Central Americans. This inspection "filter" has been deemed a form of neo-Nazism. Some members of this department have also been directly link to human trafficking, as the salaries earned by its employees cannot justify the luxurious living conditions they display.
- Official site (Spanish)