National Insurance Institute
The National Insurance Institute (Instituto Nacional de Seguros or INS) is an autonomous institution in responsibility of the Costa Rican insurance monopoly in that country. It was created by Act No.12 of October 30, 1924 with the aim of meeting the protection needs of Costa Rican society.
Some of the most renowned statesmen of the period were responsible for its creation including Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno, President of the Republic on three occasions and Tomás Soley Güell, Secretary of Finance and Commerce, in his third administration.
It began operations as Bank Insurance and in 1948 changed the name to National Insurance Institute. Today, the agency offers to all people in Costa Rica with a wide range of products and services in addition to projecting a strong social benefit programs to people in many different fields.
With more than 80 years of existence, the National Insurance Institute has an obligation to meet the insurance needs of its customers. In addition to selling insurance, it has managed the Fire Department, health services and has joined a network of medical facilities throughout the country.
During the period 1999 and 2002 the insurance broker, PWS International Ltd made 41 corrupt payments totalling $1,982,231 to officials employed by INS and the national electricity and telecommunications provider Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE). As a result, in 2010 a PWS executive was imprisoned in the UK for his part in authorising the corrupt payments.
In December 2011, Aon Corporation, a US insurance brokerage firm headquartered in Chicago, admitted violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) in relation to funds that Aon Corporation had provided to INS officials between 1997 and 2005 for expenses which were not related to a legitimate business purpose, such as travel with spouses to overseas tourist destinations.
- Serious Fraud Office (26 October 2010). "Insurance Broker jailed for bribing Costa Rican officials". Serious Fraud Office.
- Office of Public Affairs (20 December 2011). "Aon Corporation Agrees to Pay a $1.76 Million Criminal Penalty to Resolve Violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act". Department of Justice.
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