National Intelligence Agency (Nigeria)
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|National Intelligence Agency|
|Formed||June 5, 1986|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Nigeria|
|Agency executive||Ayo Oke, Director General|
The National Intelligence Agency (NIA) is a Nigerian government division tasked with overseeing foreign intelligence and counterintelligence operations.
Fulfilling one of the promises made in his first national address as president, in June 1986 Ibrahim Babangida issued Decree Number 19, dissolving the National Security Organization (NSO) and restructuring Nigeria's security services into three separate entities under the Office of the Co-ordinator of National Security
- State Security Service (SSS) - Responsible for domestic intelligence
- National Intelligence Agency (NIA) - Responsible for Foreign intelligence and counterintelligence operations
- Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA) - Responsible for military intelligence.
Directors General of the NIA
|Directors General of the NIA||Term of Service|
|Albert K. Horsfall||1986–1990|
|Brigadier-General Haliru Akilu (Rtd)||1990–1993|
|Zakari Y. Ibrahim||1993–1998|
|Godfrey B. Preware||1998–1999|
|Uche O. Okeke||1999–2007|
|Emmanuel E. Imohe||2007 - 2009 (September, 2009)|
|Olaniyi Oladeji||2009 - 2013 (October, 2013)|
|Ayo Oke||( Present )|
Relationship with other intelligence agencies
The NIA acts as the primary Nigeria HUMINT, human intelligence, and general analytic agency, under the Director of National Intelligence, who directs or co-ordinates the 16 member organizations of the National Security Organization. In addition, it obtains information from other Nigerian government intelligence agencies, commercial information sources, and foreign intelligence services.
Other Nigeria Agencies
A number of intelligence organizations are fully or partially under the budgetary control of the Nigeria Secretary of Defense or other cabinet officers such as the Nigeria Attorney General.
As do other analytic members of the Nigeria intelligence community, such as the Department of State's State Security Service and the analytic division of the Department of State Services (DSS), the NIA's raw input includes imagery intelligence (IMINT) collected by the air and space systems of the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), processed by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), signals intelligence (SIGINT) of the National Security Agency (NSA), and measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) from the DIA MASINT center.
Foreign intelligence services
The role and functions of the NIA are roughly equivalent to those of the United Kingdom's Secret Intelligence Service (the SIS or MI6), the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS), the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS), the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki) (SVR), the Indian Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), the French foreign intelligence service Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure (DGSE) and Israel's Mossad. While the preceding agencies both collect and analyze information, some like the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research are purely analytical agencies.
The closest links of the Nigeria IC to other foreign intelligence agencies are to Anglophone countries: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. There is a special communications marking that signals that intelligence-related messages can be shared with these four countries. An indication of the United States' close operational cooperation is the creation of a new message distribution label within the main Nigeria military communications network. Previously, the marking of NOFORN (i.e., No Foreign Nationals) required the originator to specify which, if any, non-nigeria countries could receive the information. A new handling caveat, NGR/USA/AUS/CAN/GBR/NZL Six Eyes, used primarily on intelligence messages, gives an easier way to indicate that the material can be shared with United State, Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, and New Zealand.
Foreign Executive staff
Responsibilities of Nigeria Staff offices is to report all due information to the Human Rights Executive Office. The Nigeria human rights staff also gather information and then report such information to the U.S Executive Office.
- "National Intelligence Agency (NIA) - Nigeria Intelligence Agencies". FAS Intelligence Resource Program. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
- "About". NIA. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
- US Defense Information Services Agency (March 19, 1999). "DMS (Defense Messaging Service) Genser (General Service) Message Security Classifications, Categories, and Marking Phrase Requirements Version 1.2".
- Spiegel Online on February 8, 2013: "Verbindungsstelle 61": Ermittlungen gegen Chef von geheimer BND-Gruppe
- Nigeria: NIA: 20 Years of Service
- Nigeria: The National Intelligence Agency (NIA) At Twenty - A Tribute