National Liberation Council
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The National Liberation Council (NLC) was the name of the Ghanaian government after the elected government of the Convention Peoples' Party led by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah was overthrown on February 24, 1966. This government was in place till they handed over to a democratically elected government on October 1, 1969.
This was the first coup d'état in Ghana and it was a bloody one. Several foreign governments appear to have had at least a year's notice of the coup.[dead link] Some sources believe that the CIA may even have helped the plotters. There was very heavy fighting and some loss of life as well. The NLC immediately banned all political parties and suspended the constitution. They eventually handed over power to the Progress Party led by Dr. Kofi Abrefa Busia.
The membership consisted of four soldiers and four police officers.
- Lt. Gen. J. A. Ankrah - Chairman of the NLC and Head of State (February 24, 1966 – April 3, 1969)
- Mr. J.W.K. Harlley (Inspector General of Police) - Vice Chairman of the NLC
- Brigadier Akwasi Amankwaa Afrifa Chairman of the NLC and Head of State (April 3, 1969 – October 1, 1969)
- Lt. Gen. Emmanuel K. Kotoka (February 24, 1966 – April 17, 1967)
- Mr. B. A. Yakubu (Deputy Commissioner of Police)
- Major General Albert Kwesi Ocran
- Mr. Anthony K. Deku (Commissioner of Police, CID)
- Mr. J.E.O. Nunoo (Commissioner of Police, Administration)
The heads of ministries were designated as commissioners.
|Minister for Foreign Affairs||Joseph Arthur Ankrah
John Willie Kofi Harlley
|1966 – 1967
1967 – 1968
|Commissioner for Defence||Lt. Gen. Emmanuel Kotoka
Lt. Gen. J. A. Ankrah
Maj. Gen. Albert Ocran
|1966 – 1967
1967 – 1969
|Commissioner for Interior||Anthony K. Deku||Feb 1966 – Mar 1969|
|John Willie Kofi Harlley||Mar 1966 – Aug 1969|
|Commissioner for Agriculture||Jacob Ofori-Torto
|1967 – 1968
1968 – 1969
|Commissioner for Communications||Matthew Poku||Feb 1968 – Apr 1969|
|Commissioner for Social Affairs||Susanna Al-Hassan||1967|
- "253. Memorandum From Robert W. Komer of the National Security Council Staff to the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)/1/". FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES 1964-1968, Volume XXIV Africa. Department of State, USA. 1999. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
The plotters are keeping us briefed," .... "and the State Department thinks we're more on the inside than the British. While we're not directly involved (I'm told), we and other Western countries (including France) have been helping to set up the situation by ignoring Nkrumah's pleas for economic aid. All in all, it looks good.
- Paul Lee (June 7, 2002). "Documents Expose U.S. Role in Nkrumah Overthrow". SeeingBlack.com. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
- "The National Liberation Council". Ghana Home Page. Retrieved 2007-03-20.[dead link]
- "Past Ministers". Official Website. Ministry of Interior, Ghana. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
Nkrumah government (1957-1966)
(Convention Peoples' Party)
|Government of Ghana
1966 – 1969
Busia government (1966-1969)
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