National Park, New Jersey

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National Park, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of National Park
Motto: Home to the Red Bank Battlefield
Map of National Park highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Map of National Park highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of National Park, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of National Park, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°52′02″N 75°11′08″W / 39.867297°N 75.185621°W / 39.867297; -75.185621Coordinates: 39°52′02″N 75°11′08″W / 39.867297°N 75.185621°W / 39.867297; -75.185621[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated April 15, 1902
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Mark Cooper (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Josh Pitts[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 1.452 sq mi (3.762 km2)
 • Land 1.004 sq mi (2.601 km2)
 • Water 0.448 sq mi (1.161 km2)  30.86%
Area rank 456th of 566 in state
20th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 13 ft (4 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 3,036
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 3,009
 • Rank 452nd of 566 in state
21st of 24 in county[11]
 • Density 3,023.2/sq mi (1,167.3/km2)
 • Density rank 215th of 566 in state
6th of 24 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08063[12][13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3401549680[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885314[1][17]
Website www.nationalparkboro.com

National Park is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 3,036,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 169 (-5.3%) from the 3,205 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 208 (-6.1%) from the 3,413 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] Despite its name, National Park is neither a national park nor associated with one.

History[edit]

In 1777, during the American Revolutionary War, the Continental Army under command of George Washington constructed two forts on the Delaware River to block the approach to Philadelphia: Fort Mifflin on the Pennsylvania side and Fort Mercer on the New Jersey side in what is now National Park. The fort was named in honor of Brigadier General Hugh Mercer who had died earlier that year at the Battle of Princeton. A park, monument, and museum commemorate the fort on its original site.

On October 22 of that year, in what is known as the Battle of Red Bank, an attack by 900 Hessian troops, serving under British Major General William Howe, who then occupied Philadelphia, was repelled, with heavy losses on the Hessian side (including the death of their commander, Colonel Carl Emil Kurt von Donop) by the 600 Continental defenders under Colonel Christopher Greene. After the loss of Fort Mifflin, Fort Mercer was abandoned without a fight when Lord Charles Cornwallis landed 2,000 British troops nearby on November 18.[19]

Beginning in 1895, the area was commercially developed as National Park on the Delaware as a religious resort / retreat for members of the Methodist Episcopal Church by James E. Lake, a reverend who also formed Ocean City, New Jersey.[20]

National Park was formed as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 15, 1902, from portions of West Deptford Township.[21]

Geography[edit]

National Park is located at 39°52′02″N 75°11′08″W / 39.867297°N 75.185621°W / 39.867297; -75.185621 (39.867297,-75.185621). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.452 square miles (3.762 km2), of which, 1.004 square miles (2.601 km2) of it was land and 0.448 square miles (1.161 km2) of it (30.86%) of it was water.[1][2]

The borough borders West Deptford Township and the Delaware River. The Delaware River shore faces the southern end of Philadelphia, approximately across from the mouth of the Schuylkill River and the site of Fort Mifflin.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 325
1920 1,000 207.7%
1930 1,828 82.8%
1940 1,977 8.2%
1950 2,419 22.4%
1960 3,380 39.7%
1970 3,730 10.4%
1980 3,552 −4.8%
1990 3,413 −3.9%
2000 3,205 −6.1%
2010 3,036 −5.3%
Est. 2013 3,009 [10][22] −0.9%
Population sources: 1910-2000[23]
1910-1920[24] 1910[25]
1910-1930[26] 1930-1990[27]
2000[28][29] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,036 people, 1,092 households, and 815.7 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,023.2 per square mile (1,167.3/km2). There were 1,153 housing units at an average density of 1,148.1 per square mile (443.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.28% (2,923) White, 1.35% (41) Black or African American, 0.16% (5) Native American, 0.59% (18) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.13% (4) from other races, and 1.48% (45) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.04% (62) of the population.[7]

There were 1,092 households, of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.18.[7]

In the borough, 23.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $65,852 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,987) and the median family income was $70,341 (+/- $8,049). Males had a median income of $51,886 (+/- $2,493) versus $32,788 (+/- $5,594) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,699 (+/- $2,574). About 4.1% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[30]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 3,205 people, 1,111 households, and 865 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,219.0 people per square mile (1,237.5/km2). There were 1,165 housing units at an average density of 1,170.1 per square mile (449.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.35% White, 0.09% Black, 0.25% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population.[28][29]

There were 1,111 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.24.[28][29]

In the borough the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.[28][29]

The median income for a household in the borough was $48,534, and the median income for a family was $51,535. Males had a median income of $35,102 versus $27,398 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,048. About 6.5% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.[28][29]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

National Park is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Maywood, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[31]

As of 2014, the Mayor of National Park is Democrat Mark Cooper, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. Members of the Borough Council (with committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Council President Larry Prelle, Sr. (D, 2014; Public Works), Dennis R. Burke (D, 2016; Public Administration), Anne Marie Henry (D, 2015; Public Property, Parks and Recreation), Joy Hibbs (D, 2016 - serving an unexpired term; Public Safety and Welfare), David Misilewich (D, 2015; Economic Development) and Harry Schaeffer (D, 2014; Public Utilities).[32][33][34][35][36]

Joy Hibbs was selected by the Borough Council in August 2014 from three names nominated by the municipal Democratic committee to fill the vacant seat of Dennis Mehaffey, who resigned in the previous months due to conflicts with his work schedule.[37]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

National Park is located in the 1st Congressional District[38] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[8][39][40]

The seat for New Jersey's First Congressional District is currently vacant, having formerly been represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights), who resigned on February 18, 2014.[41] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[42][43] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[44][45]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[46] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[47] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[48]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2014, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[49] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[50] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[51] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[52] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[53] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[54] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[55][56][57][58] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[59] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[60] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[61][62][57]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,045 registered voters in National Park, of which 1,021 (49.9%) were registered as Democrats, 213 (10.4%) were registered as Republicans and 811 (39.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[63]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 59.5% of the vote here (892 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 37.3% (560 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (26 votes), among the 1,500 ballots cast by the borough's 2,164 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.3%.[64] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 60.9% of the vote here (868 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 37.6% (536 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (15 votes), among the 1,426 ballots cast by the borough's 2,069 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.9.[65]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 46.2% of the vote here (408 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 40.2% (355 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 10.2% (90 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (7 votes), among the 883 ballots cast by the borough's 2,095 registered voters, yielding a 42.1% turnout.[66]

Education[edit]

The National Park School District serves public school students in Preschool through sixth grade at National Park Elementary School. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 260 students and 22.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.76:1.[67]

Seventh through twelfth grade public school students attend Gateway Regional High School, which serves students from the boroughs of National Park, Wenonah, Westville and Woodbury Heights as part of the Gateway Regional High School District.[68][69]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 15.68 miles (25.23 km) of roadways, of which 12.59 miles (20.26 km) were maintained by the municipality and 3.09 miles (4.97 km) by Gloucester County.[70]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit local bus service is available on the 455 route opearting between Cherry Hill Mall and Paulsboro.[71][72]

Site of Fort Mercer[edit]

Main article: Fort Mercer

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Municipal Clerk and Administrator, Borough of National Park. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of National Park, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for National Park borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for National Park borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for National Park, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for National Park, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 29, 2012.
  17. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  19. ^ About National Park, Borough of National Park. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  20. ^ Shamlin, Wilford S. "National Park has green, but no park", Courier Post, July 1, 2005. Accessed November 7, 2012. "Originally named National Park on the Delaware River, National Park was incorporated on April 15, 1902. But it was several years earlier, in 1895, that the Rev. James E. Lake, who also founded Ocean City, and others incorporated The National Park Association."
  21. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 140. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  22. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  23. ^ Barnett, Bob. "Population Data for Gloucester County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 13, 2013.
  25. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  26. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  27. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  28. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for National Park borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  29. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for National Park borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  30. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for National Park borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  31. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  32. ^ Mayor and Council, Borough of National Park. Accessed November 20, 2014.
  33. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of National Park. Accessed November 20, 2014.
  34. ^ Beym, Jessica. "Gloucester County election results 2013: live updates", South Jersey Times, November 5, 2013. accessed November 20, 2014.
  35. ^ Staff. "Gloucester County election results", South Jersey Times, November 6, 2012. Accessed November 20, 2014.
  36. ^ Bittner, Gina. 'Cooper wins mayoral race in National Park", Gloucester County Times, November 8, 2011. Accessed November 20, 2014. "Democratic Councilman Mark Cooper (389) defeated Republican John C. Rocco (237) for the mayor’s post being vacated by the retiring Patricia Rossiter. Democrats Harry Schaeffer (498) and Lawrence J. Prelle Sr. (490) were unopposed for two open council seats being vacated by Cooper and Democrat Shawn Donohue."
  37. ^ Laday, Jason. "National Park swears in new council member following resignation", South Jersey Times, August 16, 2014. Accessed November 20, 2014. "Mayor Mark Cooper on Wednesday swore in newly-appointed Councilwoman Joy Hibbs, replacing Dennis Mehaffey, who has resigned from the borough council."
  38. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 61, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  42. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  44. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  45. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  46. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  47. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  49. ^ Robert M. Damminger, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  50. ^ Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  51. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  52. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  53. ^ Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  54. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  55. ^ Adam J. Taliaferro, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  56. ^ Board of Freeholders, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  57. ^ a b 2014 Gloucester County Official Directory, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  58. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  59. ^ James N. Hogan, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  60. ^ Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  61. ^ Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  62. ^ Row Officers, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  63. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Gloucester, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  64. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  65. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  66. ^ 2009 Governor: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  67. ^ District information for National Park School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  68. ^ Shryock, Bob. "Plans are in the works for Gateway’s 50th anniversary", Gloucester County Times, March 22, 2012. Accessed November 7, 2012. "The 50-year milestone is based on Gateway opening in the fall of 2014 when four sending districts (Woodbury Heights, Westville, National Park and Wenonah) split from Woodbury and sent seventh, eighth and ninth graders to the new school on Egg Harbor Road in Woodbury Heights."
  69. ^ Gateway Regional High School District 2013 School Report Card, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 13, 2013. "Gateway Regional High School is a one school district located in Woodbury Heights, NJ. It serves students in grades 7-12 from the municipalities of National Park, Wenonah, Westville, and Woodbury Heights."
  70. ^ Gloucester County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  71. ^ Gloucester County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  72. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed October 6, 2014.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
West Deptford Township
Bordering communities
of Philadelphia
Succeeded by
West Deptford Township