National Parks of New York Harbor
National Parks of New York Harbor is the name of an office of the National Park Service that coordinates administration of ten NPS sites that include 23 unique destinations located in the New York metropolitan area. National Parks of New York Harbor was formed in 2003 and administers properties ranging from the Statue of Liberty National Monument in New York Harbor to Gateway National Recreation Area in several locations and Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site in Mount Vernon, New York. Despite its name, technically the office does not oversee any national parks, but rather national monuments, national memorials, national historic sites, and a large national recreation area. Properties overseen by the office make up 27,000 acres (110 km2) and attract more than 12 million visitors each year. They are served by a visitor's center at Federal Hall National Memorial.
The National Parks of New York Harbor umbrella was created in September 2003 as a means of drawing more visitors to the National Park Service properties in the New York City region. The organizers' primary concern was the under-visitation of the parks that comprise the Gateway National Recreation Area, one of the first urban parks when it was created, rather than the acquisition of parkland. Maria Burks, the first Commissioner, was charged with increasing awareness of park units other than the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, and saw the solution to this problem as increasing the number of ferries that connect and serve the properties. As a result, when the ferry contract for the Statue of Liberty was up for bid, a discussion occurred about asking interested parties to include increased harbor service as part of their packages, but this request did not receive much focus in the end.
Part of Federal Hall National Memorial was repurposed as a new visitors' center in late 2006 to meet the needs of the organization's diverse properties and the visitors thereto and the center has been used as a forum for visitor input into National Park Service programming.
- Federal Hall National Memorial
- Castle Clinton
- Hamilton Grange
- Grant's Tomb
- Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site
- African Burial Ground National Monument
and an affiliate, the Lower East Side Tenement Museum
Many of the National Park Service (NPS) sites in New York and New Jersey maintain structural firfighters or Wildland firefighters depending on the type of the site.
- Structural Fire Suppression for the Statue of Liberty (Liberty Island) and Ellis Island is provided by the National Park Service which created the Statue Of Liberty Fire Brigade in 2011. The Statue Of Liberty Fire Brigade consists of a crew of federal NPS firefighters who are trained and certified as Structural Firefighter I, Structural Firefighter II and Wildland Firefighters.
- Fire Suppression for Sandy Hook National Recreation area is provided by the National Park Service Sandy Hook Fire Brigade and an NPS Wildland Fire Crew with Wildfire Brush Truck is maintained year round in Staten Island for the Staten Island Gateway Sites. For additional wildland fire support on large fires (such as the fires at Great Kills Park in recent years) firefighters from the Statue Of Liberty Fire brigade and the Sandy Hook Fire Department have responded to supplement the NPS wildland firefighters assisgned to Staten Island
- Fire suppression for Governors Island is provided by the Fire Department of the City of New York
Emergency Medical Services
- Emergency Medical Care on Liberty Island and Ellis Island is provided year round by National Park Service Emergency Medical Technicians. Patient transports are coordinated with Jersey City Medical Center Ambulances but emergency response and patient care on the islands falls solely upon the National Park Service Emergency Medical Technicians.
- Emergency Medical Care at Gateway parks in Brooklyn and Staten Island is provided jointly by National Park Service Emergency Medical Technicians and the City Of New York.
- Emergency Medical Care at Governors island and manhattan sites are provided by NPS park rangers with first aid training and by the City of New York Emergency Medical Technicians.
The National Parks of New York Harbor Conservancy is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization with offices on Wall Street in New York that works in partnership with the National Parks of New York Harbor. Its 2006 revenues (mostly donations) were $1.255 million.
- "National Parks of New York Harbor". National Park Service. 2008-06. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Joseph Berger (2003-09-11). "National Parks, Under a New Umbrella". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Pattrick McGeehan (2005-08-15). "Beyond Lady Liberty". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Patrick McGeehan (2007-03-29). "City Wants Statue of Liberty Ferry Service to Expand Harbor Routes". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Patrick McGeehan (2007-02-07). "Cruise Line to Lady Liberty is Up for Bid, with Caveats". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Edward Rothstein (2006-11-25). "In a Grand Old Hall, a Grab Bag of History". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Gary Shapiro (2007-03-22). "Scores of New Yorkers Turn Out to Give Ideas on National Parks". The New York Sun. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Sam Roberts (2004-08-29). "NEW YORK 2004: REPUBLICAN NEW YORK; Who's Buried in Grant's Tomb?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- "The National Parks of New York Harbor". National Park Service. 2004-12. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- "Rescuing Gateway". The New York Times. 2007-12-30. Retrieved 2008-08-12.