National Physical Activity Guidelines

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The National Physical Activity Guidelines are a set of guidelines set up by the Australian government due to the increase of obesity within the Australian Nation, and due to the increasing medical bills from obesity related diseases such as Heart Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, Strokes and other deadly diseases. The Australian Government has also put in many exercise related plans such as the Governor's 30 Day Family Challenge and the many fun runs.

Being Active[edit]

The Australian Government has promoted being active for them to save money on hospitals so they can re-direct that into more important things like the current recession and re-building the destroyed homes and lives of the Black Saturday victims.

The 4 Guidelines[edit]

The guidelines are directed at adults. (scroll lower for children's guide lines)

1. See movement as an opportunity, not an inconvenience

2. Be active every day in as many ways as you can

3.Put together at least 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity on most, preferably all days.

4.If you can, enjoy some regular vigorous activity for extra health and fitness

The Types of Physical Activity[edit]

Occupational Activity - This type of activity is sustained from all the exercise you get from work. This could include running/walking up and down stairs or if you're a labourer, all of the hard labour you undertake. This also includes schools for children.

Active Transport - This means that the activity you undertake instead of driving a car. You could walk, run, ride a bike or many other fun activities to get from point A to point B.

Leisure Time Activity - This includes all of the activity you do in your leisure time. It could be taking leisurely walks or doing sports such as football or soccer. It also include doing exercise to keep fit like running and going to the gym to work out.

Household/Gardening Activity - This consists of all the exercise you get from doing chores around the house and in the garden. i.e. mowing the lawn, vacuuming the house

NPAG Table[edit]

Children (5-12) - At least 60 minutes (up to several hours is recommended) of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day, with focus on developing motor skills and having fun - No more than 2 hours per day surfing the net, watching TV or playing video games

Youth (12-18) - At least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day and no more than 2 hours using electronic media (unless educational)

Overweight and Obese - begin slowly working up to 60 minutes per day of moderate to vigorous activity being sure to not over do it to cause injury, then increased to 60–90 minutes to avoid weight gain

Older People - Should follow Adult guidelines - Strength and balance training also recommended

Diseases[edit]

High blood pressure, hypertension - One-third of all cases of high blood pressure are associated with obesity. High blood pressure is twice as common in adults who are obese than in those who are at a healthy weight.

High blood cholesterol - 50% more likely to have elevated blood cholesterol levels.

Diabetes Type 2 - non-insulin dependent accounts for nearly 90% of all cases of diabetes. Researchers estimate that 88 to 97% of type 2 diabetes cases diagnosed in overweight people are a direct result of obesity

Congestive heart failure - obesity increases the risk of congestive heart failure, a potentially fatal condition in which the heart muscle weakens, progressively losing the ability to pump blood.

Heart disease - heart attack, congestive heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina or chest pain, and abnormal heart rhythm is increased in persons who are overweight or obese.

Stroke - There is a link between obesity and stroke; this is particularly the case for people whose fat is situated predominantly in the abdominal region. Overweight people are more likely to have high blood cholesterol levels and high blood pressure, but these associations are not the only explanations for the greater stroke rate.

Gallstones and gall bladder disorders

Gout - the condition may develop in people with obesity incidents are remarkably higher, Gout is strongly associated with obesity.

Osteoarthritis - Obesity may be a major factor in the development of osteoarthritis, particularly of the knee and especially in women.

Cancer -such as endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon

Complications of pregnancy

Poor female reproductive health - examples would be menstrual irregularities, infertility, irregular ovulation.

Bladder control problems - such as stress incontinence.

Psychological disorders -such as depression, eating disorders, distorted body image, and low self-esteem.