National Pledge (India)
The National Pledge is an oath of allegiance to the Republic of India. It is commonly recited by Indians in unison at public events, especially in schools, and during the Independence Day and Republic Day Celebrations. It is commonly found printed in the opening pages of school textbooks.
The pledge was originally composed in Telugu language by writer Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962. It was first read out in a school in Visakhapatnam in 1963 and was subsequently translated into various regional languages. The Central Advisory Board on Education meeting in 1964 in Bangalore, under its chairman M. C. Chagla, directed that the pledge be read in schools and that this practice be introduced by 26 January 1965, the next Republic Day.
The Indian national pledge was composed by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao. Subbarao, a noted author in Telugu and a bureaucrat, composed the pledge while serving as the District Treasury Officer of Visakhapatnam District in 1962. He presented it to the senior Congress leader Tenneti Viswanadam who forwarded it to the then Education Minister P.V.G. Raju. He was born in Anneparti, Nallagonda District, Telangana. Expert in Telugu, Sanskrit, Hindi, English, Arabic languages. He worked as Treasury officer in the state of Hyderabad. After the formation of AP, He worked in Khammam, Nizamabad, Nellore, Visakhapatnam, Nallagonda Districts.  The Pledge was introduced in many schools in 1963.
The Indian National Pledge is commonly recited by Indians at public events, during daily assemblies in many Indian schools, and during the Independence Day and Republic Day commemoration ceremonies. Unlike the National Anthem or the National Song, whose authors are well known in India, P.V. Subbarao, the author of the pledge remains largely a little-known figure, his name being mentioned neither in the books nor in any documents. Records with the Human Resources Development Ministry of the Government of India however record Subbarao as the author of the pledge. Subbarao himself is thought to have been unaware of its status as the National Pledge with a position on par with the National Anthem and the National Song. Apparently, he came to know about this when his granddaughter was reading the pledge from her text book.
The words of the National Pledge are:
- Telugu version (original)
- భారతదేశం నా మాతృభూమి. భారతీయులందరు నా సహోదరులు.
- నేను నా దేశాన్ని ప్రేమించుచున్నాను. సుసంపన్నమైన, బహువిధమైన నా దేశ వారసత్వ సంపద నాకు గర్వకారణం. దీనికి అర్హత పొందడానికి సర్వదా నేను కృషి చేస్తాను.
- నా తల్లిదండ్రుల్ని, ఉపాధ్యాయుల్ని, పెద్దలందరిన్ని గౌరవిస్తాను. ప్రతివారితోను మర్యాదగా నడుచుకొంటాను.
- నా దేశంపట్ల , నా ప్రజలపట్ల సేవనిరతితో ఉంటానని ప్రతిజ్ఞ చేస్తున్నాను. వారి శ్రేయోభివృధ్ధులే నా ఆనందానికి మూలం. జై హింద్".
- English version
- India is my country and all Indians are my brothers and sisters.
- I love my country and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.
- I shall always strive to be worthy of it.
- I shall give respect to my parents, teachers and all elders and treat everyone with courtesy.
- To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion. In their well-being and prosperity alone lies my happiness.
Guidelines for Usage
- The National Pledge is recited in schools during assemblies, during the Independence Day, and Republic Day Observance Ceremonies.
- "Visakhapatnam remembers 'pledge' composer". The Times of India. September 14, 2012.
- Biswas, Arabinda; Agrawal, S. P. (1 January 1986). Development of education in India: a historical survey of educational documents before and after independence. Concept Publishing Company. p. 140. ISBN 978-81-7022-066-4. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- "The 'Pledge', now 50, is the pride of Telugus!". The Hindu. September 14, 2012.