National Power

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This article is about the defunct energy company. For the political term, see National power.
National Power
Former type Public
Industry Energy
Fate demerged into Innogy and International Power
Successors Innogy
International Power
Founded 1990
Defunct 2001
Headquarters London, UK
Products Gas and Electricity

National Power was formerly an energy company based in the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

National Power was formed following the privatisation of the UK electricity market in 1990.[1] In England and Wales the Central Electricity Generating Board, which was responsible for the generation and transmission of electricity, was split into four companies. Its generation (or upstream) activities were transferred to three generating companies - 'PowerGen', 'National Power', and 'Nuclear Electric' (later 'British Energy', eventually 'EDF Energy'); and its transmission (or downstream) activities to - the 'National Grid Company'.[2][3]

National Power was the largest of these new companies having around 52 percent of the generating market. It later diversified into the supply market in November 1998 by purchasing the supply business of the regional electricity company Midlands Electricity and created the Npower supply brand.[4]

On 2 October 2000 following investor pressure the company demerged into two separate companies Innogy, which was responsible for the UK based operations, and International Power, which took over the international operations.[5][6] Innogy is now known as 'RWE npower' owned by the German utility company RWE; and International Power is fully owned by the French company GDF Suez.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A whole world sold on sell-offs
  2. ^ The CEGB Story by Rob Cochrane (with additional research by Maryanna Schaefer) (1990)
  3. ^ "Lessons from Liberalised Electricity Markets" IEA / OECD (2005)
  4. ^ Eneryquote: Timeline
  5. ^ Plugging into National Power split
  6. ^ "International Power PLC History". Retrieved 11 July 2012. 


See also[edit]