National Rally for Development and Progress

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The National Rally for Development and Progress (French: Rassemblement national pour le développement et le progrès, also known as VIVA) is a political party in Chad, led by Delwa Kassiré Koumakoye. It was founded in early 1992,[1] with Koumakoye as its President.[2]

In the parliamentary election held on 21 April 2002, the party won five out of 155 seats;[3] all five of these were in Kélo constituency in Tandjilé Ouest Department, where the party won all of the available seats.[4] In the May 2006 presidential election, its candidate, Koumakoye, won 15.13% of the vote.[5] Koumakoye was Prime Minister from February 2007 to April 2008.


  1. ^ Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, page 118.
  2. ^ "Le Premier Ministre du Tchad: un homme averti de la politique tchadienne", Chadian government website, March 16, 2007 (French).
  3. ^ 2002 election results, IPU PARLINE.
  4. ^ List of members of the National Assembly (following 2002 election), (French).
  5. ^ Valery Gottingar, "Scrutin présidentiel du 03 mai 2006: le Conseil Constitutionnel proclame le Président Idriss Deby Itno réélu au premier tour avec un score de 64,67%.", Chadian government website, May 29, 2006 (French).