National Register of Historic Places listings in Mobile, Alabama

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Mobile and its surrounding area

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Mobile, Alabama.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Mobile, Alabama, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a Google map.[1]

There are 130 properties and districts listed on the National Register in Mobile County, including 4 National Historic Landmarks. 108 of these sites, including all of the National Historic Landmarks, are located within the city limits of Mobile, and are listed here; the remaining 22 sites are listed separately.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted July 18, 2014.[2]

History[edit]

Located at the junction of the Mobile River and Mobile Bay on the northern Gulf of Mexico, Mobile began as the first capital of colonial French Louisiana in 1702 and remained a part of New France for over 60 years.[3] The city was ceded to Great Britain in 1763, and under British rule the colony continued as part of West Florida. Spain captured Mobile during the American Revolutionary War in 1780, with the Battle of Fort Charlotte.[4]

The city first became a part of the United States in 1813, following the U.S. seizure of Spanish West Florida during the War of 1812. The city and surrounding territory was first added to the Mississippi Territory. It was included in the Alabama Territory in 1817, after Mississippi gained statehood. A fire in October 1827 destroyed most of the old colonial buildings in the city, but from the 1830s onward Mobile expanded with a primary focus on the cotton trade. The city experienced another major fire in 1839 that burned a large central portion of the city and destroyed many of its finest new buildings.[4] On May 25, 1865 an ammunition depot explosion, termed the great Mobile magazine explosion, killed some 300 people and destroyed the northern portion of the city.[4]

Mobile's population had increased from around 40,000 people in 1900 to 60,000 by 1920.[5] Between 1940 and 1943, over 89,000 people moved into Mobile to work for war effort industries.[6] By 1956 the city limits had tripled to accommodate growth. The city lost many of its historic buildings during urban renewal in the 1960s and 1970s. This led to the establishment of the Mobile Historic Development Commission, charged with protecting and enhancing the city's historic resources. Beginning in the late 1980s, the city began an effort termed the "String of Pearls Initiative" to make Mobile into a competitive, urban city. This effort would see numerous projects around the city, including the restoration of hundreds of historic buildings and homes.[7]

Architecture[edit]

Mobile has antebellum architectural examples of the Federal, Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, and Italianate styles. Additionally, the Creole cottage and Gulf Coast cottage are building types that are indigenous to the area, and are among the earliest surviving house types. Mobile's downtown townhouses, primarily built between the 1840s and 1860s, typically combine Late Federal style architecture with Greek Revival or Italianate elements and cast iron galleries.

Current listings[edit]

[8] Name on the Register[9] Image Date listed[10] Location Description
1 Africatown Historic District Upload image
December 4, 2012
(#12000990)
Bounded by Jakes Ln., Paper Mill, & Warren Rds., Chin, & Railroad Sts.
30°44′07″N 88°03′31″W / 30.735278°N 88.058611°W / 30.735278; -88.058611 (Africatown Historic District)
Community established after the Civil War by African Americans who arrived in the United States aboard the slave ship Clotilde in 1860. It is on the African American Heritage Trail of Mobile.
2 Aimwell Baptist Church
Aimwell Baptist Church
May 29, 2008
(#08000458)
500 Earle St.
30°41′58″N 88°03′10″W / 30.699444°N 88.052778°W / 30.699444; -88.052778 (Aimwell Baptist Church)
The congregation of this historically African American Baptist church was established in 1890. The current church building dates to 1946.
3 Ashland Place Historic District
Ashland Place Historic District
June 23, 1987
(#87000935)
Roughly bounded by Springhill and Ryan Aves., Old Shell Rd., and Levert Ave.
30°41′26″N 88°05′40″W / 30.690556°N 88.094444°W / 30.690556; -88.094444 (Ashland Place Historic District)
This historic district is an early 20th-century neighborhood consisting of over 90 homes. Architectural styles range from late Victorian to the Craftsman and Tudor Revival.
4 Wade Askew House
Wade Askew House
July 12, 1991
(#91000858)
103 Florence Pl.
30°41′17″N 88°05′22″W / 30.688056°N 88.089444°W / 30.688056; -88.089444 (Wade Askew House)
This bungalow in Midtown was built in 1927. It is one of the many Spanish Colonial Revival style houses in the Florence Place subdivision, established on what was the outskirts of Mobile in the 1920s. The subdivision was planned to have Spanish Revival houses only, reflecting the popularity of the style in the city during the early 20th century.
5 Azalea Court Apartments
Azalea Court Apartments
February 11, 1988
(#88000108)
1820 Old Government St.
30°40′41″N 88°04′59″W / 30.678056°N 88.083056°W / 30.678056; -88.083056 (Azalea Court Apartments)
This three-story Spanish Colonial Revival style apartment building in Midtown was built in 1928.
6 Barton Academy
Barton Academy
February 16, 1970
(#70000107)
504 Government St.
30°41′21″N 88°02′57″W / 30.689167°N 88.049167°W / 30.689167; -88.049167 (Barton Academy)
This Greek Revival school building, designed by architects James Gallier, James H. Dakin and Charles B. Dakin, was completed in 1836. It was the first public school in the state of Alabama.
7 Battle House Royale
Battle House Royale
August 19, 1975
(#75000322)
26 N. Royal St.
30°41′35″N 88°02′28″W / 30.693056°N 88.041111°W / 30.693056; -88.041111 (Battle House Royale)
This downtown hotel was established in 1852. Guests have included Stephen A. Douglas, Henry Clay, Jefferson Davis, Millard Fillmore, Winfield Scott, and Woodrow Wilson. The first building burned in 1905. The current structure was completed in 1908 and is one of the earliest steel frame structures remaining in Alabama.
8 Beal-Gaillard House
Beal-Gaillard House
October 18, 1984
(#84000078)
111 Myrtlewood Ln.
30°41′56″N 88°07′59″W / 30.698889°N 88.133056°W / 30.698889; -88.133056 (Beal-Gaillard House)
This Creole cottage style house was built in 1836 in what was then the village of Spring Hill. Spring Hill was primarily settled by Mobilians attempting to escape the heat and disease that plagued the city during the warm summer months.
9 Bragg-Mitchell House
Bragg-Mitchell House
September 27, 1972
(#72000168)
1906 Springhill Ave.
30°41′32″N 88°05′11″W / 30.692222°N 88.086389°W / 30.692222; -88.086389 (Bragg-Mitchell House)
This two-story mansion was built by John Bragg in 1855. It uses Greek Revival and Italianate stylistic elements in a combination referred to as "bracketed Greek Revival".
10 Brisk & Jacobson Store
Brisk & Jacobson Store
March 14, 1973
(#73000361)
2 Dauphin St.
30°41′32″N 88°02′23″W / 30.692222°N 88.039722°W / 30.692222; -88.039722 (Brisk & Jacobson Store)
This Italianate-style commercial building was completed in 1866 by local merchants Isaac Goldsmith and William Frohlichstein. The four-story structure features an early cast iron facade by Daniel D. Badger's Architectural Iron Works.
11 Caldwell School
Caldwell School
December 20, 2011
(#11000898)
351 N. Broad St.
30°41′36″N 88°03′27″W / 30.693244°N 88.0575°W / 30.693244; -88.0575 (Caldwell School)
The school was built in 1947 to replace the first high school for African Americans in Mobile. It opened as an elementary school, and is today used by Bishop State Community College.
12 The Campground
The Campground
July 7, 2005
(#05000648)
Martin Luther King Jr. Ave., Rylands St., St. Stephens Rd., and Ann St.
30°41′46″N 88°03′59″W / 30.696111°N 88.066389°W / 30.696111; -88.066389 (The Campground)
This historic district encompasses a historically African American neighborhood consisting of over 166 contributing buildings. The houses date from the late 19th century to the middle 20th century. It is on the African American Heritage Trail of Mobile.
13 Carlen House
Carlen House
June 12, 1981
(#81000131)
54 S. Carlen St.
30°41′02″N 88°05′11″W / 30.683889°N 88.086389°W / 30.683889; -88.086389 (Carlen House)
This Gulf Coast cottage style house in Midtown was built in 1843 by Irish immigrants to Mobile, Michael and Mary Carlen.
14 Carolina Hall
Carolina Hall
January 18, 1973
(#73000362)
70 S. McGregor St.
30°41′29″N 88°08′37″W / 30.691389°N 88.143611°W / 30.691389; -88.143611 (Carolina Hall)
This mansion in the Spring Hill neighborhood began as a Federal style house in 1832. It was later expanded and remodeled in the Greek Revival style.
15 Cavallero House
Cavallero House
October 7, 1982
(#82001610)
7 N. Jackson St.
30°41′27″N 88°02′42″W / 30.690833°N 88.045°W / 30.690833; -88.045 (Cavallero House)
This two-and-a-half-story brick townhouse was built in 1835. Cast iron galleries were added to the front in the mid-19th century.
16 Center-Gaillard House
Center-Gaillard House
October 18, 1984
(#84000081)
3500 The Cedars
30°42′05″N 88°08′06″W / 30.701389°N 88.135°W / 30.701389; -88.135 (Center-Gaillard House)
This two-story house in the Spring Hill neighborhood began as a retreat in 1827 and was expanded several times in the 19th century.
17 Church Street East Historic District
Church Street East Historic District
December 16, 1971
(#71000102)
Roughly bounded by Conti, Water, Claiborne, Eslava, Warren, and Bayou Sts.; also roughly bounded by Broad, Conti, Water, Claiborne, and Canal Sts.; also 66 and 68 S. Royal St.
30°41′16″N 88°02′44″W / 30.687778°N 88.045556°W / 30.687778; -88.045556 (Church Street East Historic District)
This downtown historic district features government, museum, commercial, and residential structures in a variety of 19th century styles. It contains 83 contributing buildings and one object. The second and third sets of boundaries represent boundary increases of January 13, 1984 and April 25, 2005 respectively.
18 U. J. Cleveland House
U. J. Cleveland House
May 21, 1993
(#93000420)
551 Charles St.
30°40′35″N 88°03′24″W / 30.676389°N 88.056667°W / 30.676389; -88.056667 (U. J. Cleveland House)
This Gulf Coast cottage style house was built in 1853.
19 Coley Building
Coley Building
October 22, 1982
(#82001611)
56 St. Francis St.
30°41′37″N 88°02′25″W / 30.693611°N 88.040278°W / 30.693611; -88.040278 (Coley Building)
This two-and-a-half-story commercial building was built in 1836. It was demolished to make way for a RSA Battle House Tower parking deck in 2003. The original facade was restored, reconstructed and incorporated into the parking deck.
20 Collins-Marston House
Collins-Marston House
October 18, 1984
(#84000083)
4703 Old Shell Rd.
30°41′35″N 88°09′05″W / 30.693056°N 88.151389°W / 30.693056; -88.151389 (Collins-Marston House)
This 1 12-story wood-frame house in the Spring Hill neighborhood was built in the Gulf Coast cottage style in 1832.
21 Collins-Robinson House
Collins-Robinson House
October 18, 1984
(#84000087)
56 Oakland Ave.
30°41′42″N 88°09′07″W / 30.695°N 88.151944°W / 30.695; -88.151944 (Collins-Robinson House)
This Creole cottage style house in the Spring Hill neighborhood was built in 1843.
22 Common Street District
Common Street District
February 4, 1982
(#82002058)
959-1002 Dauphin St. and 7-19 Common St.
30°41′14″N 88°03′27″W / 30.687222°N 88.0575°W / 30.687222; -88.0575 (Common Street District)
This historic district, centered on Common Street, has now been absorbed by the Old Dauphin Way Historic District. It remains individually listed on the National Register and contains examples of Greek Revival, Italianate, and Queen Anne style architecture.
23 Convent and Academy of the Visitation
Convent and Academy of the Visitation
April 24, 1992
(#91000844)
2300 Springhill Ave.
30°41′38″N 88°05′38″W / 30.693889°N 88.093889°W / 30.693889; -88.093889 (Convent and Academy of the Visitation)
This historic district encompasses the convent for the Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary, now known as the Visitation Monastery. The earliest structures date from 1855 with the latest dating to the 1890s. Architectural styles include the Renaissance Revival and Romanesque Revival styles.
24 Convent of Mercy
Convent of Mercy
April 24, 1992
(#91000845)
753 St. Francis St.
30°41′20″N 88°03′10″W / 30.688889°N 88.052778°W / 30.688889; -88.052778 (Convent of Mercy)
This 3 12-story Baroque Revival style building was completed in 1908. It once served as the convent for the Sisters of Mercy, but has now been converted into condominiums.
25 D'Iberville Apartments
D'Iberville Apartments
September 3, 2004
(#04000925)
2000 Spring Hill Ave.
30°41′37″N 88°05′22″W / 30.693611°N 88.089444°W / 30.693611; -88.089444 (D'Iberville Apartments)
This complex of apartment buildings in Midtown was built in the Minimal Traditionalist style in 1943, coinciding with Mobile's rapid growth during World War II.
26 Dahm House
Dahm House
January 5, 1984
(#84000665)
7 N. Claiborne St.
30°41′27″N 88°02′46″W / 30.690833°N 88.046111°W / 30.690833; -88.046111 (Dahm House)
This two-story brick townhouse was built for John Dahm in 1873.
27 Davis Avenue Branch, Mobile Public Library
Davis Avenue Branch, Mobile Public Library
December 22, 1983
(#83003459)
564 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Ave.
30°41′43″N 88°03′09″W / 30.695278°N 88.0525°W / 30.695278; -88.0525 (Davis Avenue Branch, Mobile Public Library)
The Davis Avenue Branch of the Mobile Public Library was built in 1931 to serve Mobile's African American community during the era of racial segregation. The building is a smaller version of the main library on Government Street. It now serves as the National African American Archives and Museum. It is on the African American Heritage Trail of Mobile.
28 Davis Avenue Recreation Center
Davis Avenue Recreation Center
June 27, 2011
(#11000407)
1361 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Ave.
30°42′00″N 88°03′58″W / 30.7°N 88.066111°W / 30.7; -88.066111 (Davis Avenue Recreation Center)
Founded in 1921 as the Davis Avenue Community House, this was the first public recreation center for African Americans in Mobile. The current building dates to 1936 and was built using Works Progress Administration funds.
29 De Tonti Square Historic District
De Tonti Square Historic District
February 7, 1972
(#72000169)
Roughly bounded by Adams, St. Anthony, Claiborne, and Conception Sts.
30°41′45″N 88°02′50″W / 30.695833°N 88.047222°W / 30.695833; -88.047222 (De Tonti Square Historic District)
This historic district is primarily an antebellum neighborhood with over 60 contributing buildings. Many of the houses are two-story brick townhouses built in the Late Federal style with Greek Revival influences.
30 Denby House
Denby House
January 5, 1984
(#84000668)
558 Conti St.
30°41′19″N 88°02′57″W / 30.688611°N 88.049167°W / 30.688611; -88.049167 (Denby House)
This one-story brick raised cottage was built by Charles Denby in 1873.
31 Emanuel AME Church
Emanuel AME Church
May 29, 1987
(#87000853)
656 Saint Michael St.
30°41′26″N 88°03′05″W / 30.690556°N 88.051389°W / 30.690556; -88.051389 (Emanuel AME Church)
This historically African American church was established in 1869. James F. Hutchisson, a prominent local architect, remodeled the existing building in a Gothic Revival style in 1881. It is on the African American Heritage Trail of Mobile.
32 Emanuel Building
Emanuel Building
March 21, 1978
(#78000503)
100 N. Royal St.
30°41′38″N 88°02′28″W / 30.693889°N 88.041111°W / 30.693889; -88.041111 (Emanuel Building)
This three-story commercial building was built in 1850.
33 George Fearn House
George Fearn House
July 12, 1991
(#91000855)
1806 Airport Blvd.
30°40′42″N 88°04′57″W / 30.678333°N 88.0825°W / 30.678333; -88.0825 (George Fearn House)
This house in Midtown, built in 1904, is the earliest example of the Spanish Colonial Revival style in Mobile. It was designed by George Bigelow Rogers.
34 Fire Station No. 5
Fire Station No. 5
December 22, 1983
(#83003462)
7 N. Lawrence St.
30°41′25″N 88°02′54″W / 30.690278°N 88.048333°W / 30.690278; -88.048333 (Fire Station No. 5)
This unusual Greek Revival style building is the earliest surviving fire station in the city, built in 1851.
35 First National Bank
First National Bank
November 17, 1978
(#78000504)
68 St. Francis St.
30°41′36″N 88°02′26″W / 30.693333°N 88.040556°W / 30.693333; -88.040556 (First National Bank)
This two-story bank building was built in the Classical Revival style in 1905. The architectural features are rendered in glazed terracotta.
36 Fort Conde-Charlotte
Fort Conde-Charlotte
May 21, 1969
(#69000033)
Church and Royal Sts.
30°41′18″N 88°02′25″W / 30.688333°N 88.040278°W / 30.688333; -88.040278 (Fort Conde-Charlotte)
This reconstruction of Mobile's colonial Fort Condé was completed in 1976. The original fort foundations were discovered during the construction of the George Wallace Tunnel in the downtown commercial district. The current fort was rebuilt on the site after the tunnel was completed.
37 Gates-Daves House
Gates-Daves House
June 20, 1974
(#74000427)
1570-1572 Dauphin St.
30°41′13″N 88°04′30″W / 30.686944°N 88.075°W / 30.686944; -88.075 (Gates-Daves House)
This house, built in 1841, is the best example of a Creole plantation house remaining in Mobile.
38 Georgia Cottage
Georgia Cottage
September 14, 1972
(#72000170)
2564 Springhill Ave.
30°41′47″N 88°06′01″W / 30.696389°N 88.100278°W / 30.696389; -88.100278 (Georgia Cottage)
This Gulf Coast cottage with Greek Revival influences was the early home of author Augusta Jane Evans. It was completed in 1840.
39 Government Street Presbyterian Church
Government Street Presbyterian Church
October 5, 1992
(#92001885)
300 Government St.
30°41′22″N 88°02′37″W / 30.689444°N 88.043611°W / 30.689444; -88.043611 (Government Street Presbyterian Church)
This church, designed by James Gallier, James Dakin, and Charles Dakin, was completed in 1836. Designated a National Historic Landmark, it is one of the oldest and least-altered Greek Revival church buildings remaining in the United States.
40 Greene-Marston House
Greene-Marston House
January 11, 1983
(#83002966)
2000 Dauphin St.
30°41′12″N 88°05′19″W / 30.686667°N 88.088611°W / 30.686667; -88.088611 (Greene-Marston House)
This house, commonly known as Termite Hall, began as 1 12-story cottage in 1851. It is closely associated with Mobile's literary history.
41 Gulf, Mobile, and Ohio Passenger Terminal
Gulf, Mobile, and Ohio Passenger Terminal
August 15, 1975
(#75000323)
Beauregard and St. Joseph Sts.
30°42′01″N 88°02′44″W / 30.700278°N 88.045556°W / 30.700278; -88.045556 (Gulf, Mobile, and Ohio Passenger Terminal)
This Mission Revival style train station was completed in 1907. It served as Mobile's terminal on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, later to become the Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad.
42 Hawthorn House
Hawthorn House
May 21, 1984
(#84000671)
352 Stanton Rd.
30°41′58″N 88°05′18″W / 30.699444°N 88.088333°W / 30.699444; -88.088333 (Hawthorn House)
This Gulf Coast cottage was built by Joshua K. Hawthorn in 1853.
43 Martin Horst House
Martin Horst House
June 21, 1971
(#71000103)
407 Conti St.
30°41′21″N 88°02′48″W / 30.689167°N 88.046667°W / 30.689167; -88.046667 (Martin Horst House)
This brick Italianate style house, one of the best examples remaining in the city, was completed in 1867.
44 Hunter House
Hunter House
March 7, 1985
(#85000446)
504 St. Francis St.
30°41′26″N 88°02′56″W / 30.690556°N 88.048889°W / 30.690556; -88.048889 (Hunter House)
This wood-frame Italianate style house was built by Bettie Hunter, a successful African American businesswoman and former slave, in 1878. She died less than a year after completing it. It is on the African American Heritage Trail of Mobile.
45 International Longshoreman's Association Hall
International Longshoreman's Association Hall
June 27, 2011
(#11000408)
505 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Ave.
30°41′39″N 88°02′58″W / 30.694167°N 88.049444°W / 30.694167; -88.049444 (International Longshoreman's Association Hall)
The International Longshoreman’s Association (ILA) Hall dates to 1949. The Mobile chapter of the ILA was established in 1936 to represent African Americans working on the city's docks. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke here on January 1, 1959.
46 Joseph Jossen House
Joseph Jossen House
May 29, 1992
(#92000628)
109 N. Conception St.
30°41′35″N 88°02′39″W / 30.693056°N 88.044167°W / 30.693056; -88.044167 (Joseph Jossen House)
This brick Queen Anne style house was completed in 1906. It has been converted to commercial use.
47 Kirkbride House
Kirkbride House
December 12, 1973
(#73000363)
104 Theater St.
30°41′17″N 88°02′23″W / 30.688056°N 88.039722°W / 30.688056; -88.039722 (Kirkbride House)
The earliest section of this house, situated between the southern bastions of Fort Conde, dates to 1822 and incorporates portions of a former courthouse and jail that were converted into a kitchen wing.
48 Leinkauf Historic District
Leinkauf Historic District
June 24, 1987
(#87000936)
Roughly bounded by Government, S. Monterey, Eslava, Lamar, and S. Monterey Sts.
30°40′38″N 88°04′22″W / 30.677222°N 88.072778°W / 30.677222; -88.072778 (Leinkauf Historic District)
This historic district is a late 19th and early 20th century neighborhood consisting of over 300 buildings. Architectural styles range from Queen Anne to Craftsman.
49 George Levy House
George Levy House
July 12, 1991
(#91000861)
107 Florence Pl.
30°41′21″N 88°05′22″W / 30.689167°N 88.089444°W / 30.689167; -88.089444 (George Levy House)
This Spanish Colonial Revival style house in the Florence Place subdivision was completed in 1927.
50 Martin Lindsey House
Martin Lindsey House
January 24, 1991
(#90002176)
3112 Bay Front Rd.
30°36′24″N 88°03′34″W / 30.606667°N 88.059444°W / 30.606667; -88.059444 (Martin Lindsey House)
This house, built in 1915, features a local vernacular style. It sits on Mobile Bay, along a remnant of the old Bay Shell Road.
51 Lower Dauphin Street Historic District
Lower Dauphin Street Historic District
February 9, 1979
(#79000392)
171-614 Dauphin St.; also Dauphin St. from Water to Dearborn Ave.; also roughly Dauphin St. from Jefferson St. to Dearborn St., and the southern side of St. Francis St. from Bayou St. to Lawrence St.; also 310 St. Francis St.
30°41′24″N 88°02′47″W / 30.69°N 88.046389°W / 30.69; -88.046389 (Lower Dauphin Street Historic District)
This historic district encompasses much of Mobile's oldest intact business district. Second, third, and fourth sets of boundaries represent boundary increases of February 19, 1982, June 30, 1995, and August 14, 1998 respectively
52 Magnolia Cemetery including Mobile National Cemetery
Magnolia Cemetery including Mobile National Cemetery
June 13, 1986
(#86003757)
Ann and Virginia Sts.
30°40′28″N 88°03′45″W / 30.674444°N 88.0625°W / 30.674444; -88.0625 (Magnolia Cemetery including Mobile National Cemetery)
This city cemetery was established in 1836 and served as Mobile's primary burial site during the remainder of the 19th century. It contains more than 80,000 burials and features many elaborate monuments.
53 Maysville Historic District Upload image
December 25, 2013
(#13000959)
Bounded by Virginia, Ann, Duval & Houston Sts.
30°39′56″N 88°04′28″W / 30.66562°N 88.074392°W / 30.66562; -88.074392 (Maysville Historic District)
54 Meaher-Zoghby House
Meaher-Zoghby House
January 5, 1984
(#84000672)
5 N. Claiborne St.
30°41′27″N 88°02′46″W / 30.690833°N 88.046111°W / 30.690833; -88.046111 (Meaher-Zoghby House)
This two-story brick townhouse was built in 1901 for Augustine Meaher.
55 Ernest Megginson House
Ernest Megginson House
July 12, 1991
(#91000860)
143 Florence Pl.
30°41′25″N 88°05′22″W / 30.690278°N 88.089444°W / 30.690278; -88.089444 (Ernest Megginson House)
This Spanish Colonial Revival style house in the Florence Place subdivision was completed in 1927.
56 Metzger House
Metzger House
January 5, 1984
(#84000675)
7 N. Hamilton St.
30°41′25″N 88°02′51″W / 30.690278°N 88.0475°W / 30.690278; -88.0475 (Metzger House)
This one-story Italianate house was completed in 1875.
57 Midtown Historic District
Midtown Historic District
November 29, 2001
(#01001293)
Roughly bounded by Taylor Ave., U.S. Route 90, Houston St., Kenneth St., U.S. Route 98, and Florida St.
30°41′00″N 88°04′44″W / 30.683333°N 88.078889°W / 30.683333; -88.078889 (Midtown Historic District)
This historic district is made up of 20th century neighborhoods and contains 1270 contributing buildings.
58 Miller-O'Donnell House
Miller-O'Donnell House
February 19, 1982
(#82002060)
1102 Broad St.
30°39′52″N 88°03′25″W / 30.664444°N 88.056944°W / 30.664444; -88.056944 (Miller-O'Donnell House)
This was the site of a raised Gulf Coast cottage, built in 1837. It has been destroyed.
59 Mobile City Hall
Mobile City Hall
December 3, 1969
(#69000034)
111 S. Royal St.
30°41′22″N 88°02′22″W / 30.689444°N 88.039444°W / 30.689444; -88.039444 (Mobile City Hall)
This National Historic Landmark was built to serve the combined functions of a market and city administration. It was completed in an Italianate style in 1857.
60 Mobile City Hospital
Mobile City Hospital
February 26, 1970
(#70000108)
900-950 St. Anthony St.
30°41′32″N 88°03′22″W / 30.692222°N 88.056111°W / 30.692222; -88.056111 (Mobile City Hospital)
This three-story brick hospital was completed in 1830. The Greek Revival style building served as the city-run hospital from 1831 until 1966. It served as a Confederate hospital during the American Civil War.
61 Monterey Place
Monterey Place
January 5, 1984
(#84000680)
1552 Monterey Pl.
30°41′03″N 88°04′27″W / 30.684167°N 88.074167°W / 30.684167; -88.074167 (Monterey Place)
Best known as the Shepard House, this Queen Anne style residence was completed in 1897.
62 James Arthur Morrison House
James Arthur Morrison House
July 12, 1991
(#91000863)
159 Hillwood Rd.
30°41′38″N 88°08′59″W / 30.693889°N 88.149722°W / 30.693889; -88.149722 (James Arthur Morrison House)
This Spanish Colonial Revival style house in the Spring Hill neighborhood was completed in 1926.
63 Mt. Olive Missionary Baptist Church No.1
Mt. Olive Missionary Baptist Church No.1
May 29, 2008
(#08000459)
409 Lexington Ave.
30°41′59″N 88°04′08″W / 30.699722°N 88.068889°W / 30.699722; -88.068889 (Mt. Olive Missionary Baptist Church No.1)
This historically African American Baptist church was built in a vernacular style in 1916.
64 Murphy High School
Murphy High School
November 4, 1982
(#82001612)
100 S. Carlen St.
30°40′55″N 88°05′10″W / 30.681944°N 88.086111°W / 30.681944; -88.086111 (Murphy High School)
This Spanish Colonial Revival style school opened as Mobile High School in 1926.
65 Neville House
Neville House
January 5, 1984
(#84000682)
255 St. Francis St.
30°41′30″N 88°02′42″W / 30.691667°N 88.045°W / 30.691667; -88.045 (Neville House)
This two-story brick townhouse was completed in 1896.
66 Oakleigh
Oakleigh
May 27, 1971
(#71000104)
350 Oakleigh St.
30°40′51″N 88°03′37″W / 30.680833°N 88.060278°W / 30.680833; -88.060278 (Oakleigh)
This raised Greek Revival mansion was completed in 1833 by James W. Roper, owner of a local brickyard. The property originally included 35 acres (140,000 m2) of grounds, but the majority of it was converted to city lots in the mid-to-late 19th century.
67 Oakleigh Garden Historic District
Oakleigh Garden Historic District
April 13, 1972
(#72000171)
Roughly bounded by Government, Marine, Texas, and Ann Sts.; also roughly bounded by Selma St., Broad St., Texas St., and Rapier Ave.
30°40′55″N 88°03′43″W / 30.681944°N 88.061944°W / 30.681944; -88.061944 (Oakleigh Garden Historic District)
Centered on the Oakleigh Mansion, this historic district contains over 280 contributing buildings. Architectural styles range from Greek Revival and Italianate to Queen Anne. Second set of boundaries represent a boundary increase of January 30, 1991
68 Old Dauphin Way Historic District
Old Dauphin Way Historic District
August 30, 1984
(#84000686)
Roughly bounded by Springhill Ave. and Broad, Government, and Houston Sts.
30°41′22″N 88°04′04″W / 30.689444°N 88.067778°W / 30.689444; -88.067778 (Old Dauphin Way Historic District)
The largest of Mobile's historic districts contains neighborhoods ranging from the mid-19th to early 20th centuries. It contains over 1466 contributing buildings in styles ranging from Greek Revival and Gothic Revival to Queen Anne and Craftsman.
69 Paterson House
Paterson House
May 15, 1986
(#86001065)
1673 Government St.
30°40′40″N 88°04′45″W / 30.677778°N 88.079167°W / 30.677778; -88.079167 (Paterson House)
This Mediterranean Revival style mansion in Midtown was completed in 1927.
70 J. E. Paterson House
J. E. Paterson House
July 12, 1991
(#91000859)
118 Florence Pl.
30°41′22″N 88°05′20″W / 30.689444°N 88.088889°W / 30.689444; -88.088889 (J. E. Paterson House)
This Spanish Colonial Revival style house in the Florence Place subdivision was completed in 1929.
71 Dave Patton House
Dave Patton House
June 12, 1987
(#87000937)
1252 Martin Luther King, Jr. Ave.
30°41′59″N 88°03′47″W / 30.699722°N 88.063056°W / 30.699722; -88.063056 (Dave Patton House)
This mansion was built by Dave Patton, a successful African American businessman, in 1915. It is on the African American Heritage Trail of Mobile.
72 Pfau-Crichton Cottage
Pfau-Crichton Cottage
October 18, 1984
(#84000120)
3703 Old Shell Rd.
30°41′53″N 88°07′40″W / 30.698056°N 88.127778°W / 30.698056; -88.127778 (Pfau-Crichton Cottage)
This Gulf Coast cottage, best known as Chinaberry, was completed in 1862. Situated at the base of Spring Hill, it was once the home of Anne Randolph Crichton. She was the last direct descendant of Hugh Randolph Crichton, founder of the Mobile County town of Crichton.
73 Phillipi House
Phillipi House
January 5, 1984
(#84000689)
53 N. Jackson St.
30°41′31″N 88°02′44″W / 30.691944°N 88.045556°W / 30.691944; -88.045556 (Phillipi House)
This two-story brick townhouse was built in 1850. The architecture features a simple Federal style with a Greek Revival door surround. A cast iron gallery was added after the initial construction.
74 Pincus Building
Pincus Building
December 12, 1976
(#76000345)
1 S. Royal St.
30°41′31″N 88°02′27″W / 30.691944°N 88.040833°W / 30.691944; -88.040833 (Pincus Building)
This four-story brick commercial building was completed in 1891 in the Queen Anne style.
75 Bishop Portier House
Bishop Portier House
February 26, 1970
(#70000109)
307 Conti St.
30°41′23″N 88°02′42″W / 30.689722°N 88.045°W / 30.689722; -88.045 (Bishop Portier House)
This Creole cottage was completed in 1833. It served as the residence of Michael Portier, Mobile's first Roman Catholic bishop.
76 Protestant Children's Home
Protestant Children's Home
June 18, 1973
(#73000364)
911 Dauphin St.
30°41′14″N 88°03′20″W / 30.687222°N 88.055556°W / 30.687222; -88.055556 (Protestant Children's Home)
This Late Federal style building was completed in 1845. It served as a Protestant orphanage.
77 Roberts House
Roberts House
July 29, 1994
(#94000789)
3 Wimbledon Dr.
30°41′10″N 88°09′01″W / 30.686111°N 88.150278°W / 30.686111; -88.150278 (Roberts House)
This Tudor Revival mansion was completed in 1929.
78 Ross Knox House
Ross Knox House
December 30, 2008
(#08001252)
102 Hillwood Rd.
30°41′16″N 88°08′58″W / 30.687778°N 88.149444°W / 30.687778; -88.149444 (Ross Knox House)
This Tudor Revival house was completed in 1929.
79 St. Francis Street Methodist Church
St. Francis Street Methodist Church
January 5, 1984
(#84000690)
15 N. Joachim St.
30°41′30″N 88°02′40″W / 30.691667°N 88.044444°W / 30.691667; -88.044444 (St. Francis Street Methodist Church)
This Methodist church building was completed in 1896.
80 Saint Francis Xavier Roman Catholic Church
Saint Francis Xavier Roman Catholic Church
July 3, 1991
(#91000842)
2034 St. Stephens Rd.
30°42′33″N 88°04′49″W / 30.709167°N 88.080278°W / 30.709167; -88.080278 (Saint Francis Xavier Roman Catholic Church)
This Roman Catholic church building in the Toulminville neighborhood was built in 1916, after the previous building was destroyed in a hurricane.
81 Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church
Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church
July 3, 1991
(#91000841)
808 Springhill Ave.
30°41′23″N 88°03′14″W / 30.689722°N 88.053889°W / 30.689722; -88.053889 (Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church)
This Gothic Revival church building was completed in 1909. It serves as the parish church for St. Joseph's Parish, established in 1857.
82 St. Louis Street Missionary Baptist Church
St. Louis Street Missionary Baptist Church
October 8, 1976
(#76000347)
108 N. Dearborn St.
30°41′27″N 88°03′03″W / 30.690833°N 88.050833°W / 30.690833; -88.050833 (St. Louis Street Missionary Baptist Church)
This Missionary Baptist church began with a rift in Mobile's African Baptist Church, later to become the Stone Street Baptist Church. The new congregation that split from the original formed this church. They purchased this property in 1859 and constructed a church. This Classical Revival building was built in 1872. In 1874 they hosted the seventh Colored Baptist Convention of Alabama here, which led to the formation of Selma University. It is on the African American Heritage Trail of Mobile.
83 Saint Matthew's Catholic Church
Saint Matthew's Catholic Church
July 3, 1991
(#91000840)
1200 S. Marine St.
30°39′46″N 88°03′28″W / 30.662778°N 88.057778°W / 30.662778; -88.057778 (Saint Matthew's Catholic Church)
This Roman Catholic parish church was built in the Mediterranean Revival style in 1913, shortly after the formation of its parish.
84 Saint Paul's Episcopal Chapel
Saint Paul's Episcopal Chapel
October 18, 1984
(#84000123)
4051 Old Shell Rd.
30°41′53″N 88°08′20″W / 30.698056°N 88.138889°W / 30.698056; -88.138889 (Saint Paul's Episcopal Chapel)
This wood-frame Episcopal chapel in the Spring Hill neighborhood was completed in 1859. It is an example of Carpenter Gothic architecture.
85 Saint Vincent de Paul
Saint Vincent de Paul
April 24, 1992
(#91000839)
351 S. Lawrence St.
30°40′56″N 88°02′42″W / 30.682222°N 88.045°W / 30.682222; -88.045 (Saint Vincent de Paul)
This Roman Catholic church, now known as Prince of Peace Church, began with an earlier frame structure, completed in 1847, that served as parish church for Saint Vincent de Paul Parish. This brick Gothic Revival building was built in 1872. Saint Vincent de Paul Parish was enlarged and renamed Prince of Peace Parish in 1970.
86 Scottish Rites Temple
Scottish Rites Temple
January 5, 1984
(#84000694)
351 St. Francis St.
30°41′29″N 88°02′46″W / 30.691389°N 88.046111°W / 30.691389; -88.046111 (Scottish Rites Temple)
This Egyptian Revival building was completed in 1921 for the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. It was designed by George B. Rogers.
87 Raphael Semmes House
Raphael Semmes House
February 26, 1970
(#70000110)
804 Government St.
30°41′12″N 88°03′08″W / 30.686667°N 88.052222°W / 30.686667; -88.052222 (Raphael Semmes House)
This two-story brick townhouse was completed in 1858. It is famous as the post-war home of Admiral Raphael Semmes, captain of the Confederate sloop-of-war CSS Alabama.
88 Sodality Chapel
Sodality Chapel
October 18, 1984
(#84000122)
4307 Old Shell Rd.
30°41′30″N 88°08′13″W / 30.691667°N 88.136944°W / 30.691667; -88.136944 (Sodality Chapel)
This small Roman Catholic chapel building on the campus of Spring Hill College was completed in 1850.
89 South Lafayette Street Creole Cottages
South Lafayette Street Creole Cottages
November 7, 1976
(#76000346)
20, 22, and 23 S. Lafayette St.
30°41′07″N 88°04′17″W / 30.685278°N 88.071389°W / 30.685278; -88.071389 (South Lafayette Street Creole Cottages)
These three Creole cottages on South Lafayette Street were all completed in 1852.
90 Robert L. Spotswood House
Robert L. Spotswood House
July 12, 1991
(#91000854)
1 Country Club Rd.
30°41′33″N 88°09′01″W / 30.6925°N 88.150278°W / 30.6925; -88.150278 (Robert L. Spotswood House)
The Spanish Colonial Revival house in the Spring Hill neighborhood was completed in 1926.
91 Spring Hill College Quadrangle
Spring Hill College Quadrangle
August 17, 1973
(#73000365)
4307 Old Shell Rd.
30°41′35″N 88°08′13″W / 30.693056°N 88.136944°W / 30.693056; -88.136944 (Spring Hill College Quadrangle)
This grouping of structures on the campus of Spring Hill College includes the Renaissance Revival style Administration Building, completed in 1869, and the Gothic Revival style St. Joseph's Chapel, completed in 1910.
92 State Street AME Zion Church
State Street AME Zion Church
September 6, 1978
(#78000505)
502 State St.
30°41′37″N 88°03′00″W / 30.693611°N 88.05°W / 30.693611; -88.05 (State Street AME Zion Church)
This is Mobile's oldest African American congregation, established in 1829 as the African Church of the City of Mobile. The current Romanesque Revival building was completed in 1854; it is the oldest remaining Methodist church building in Alabama. It is on the African American Heritage Trail of Mobile.
93 Amelia Stewart House
Amelia Stewart House
May 29, 1992
(#92000629)
137 Tuscaloosa St.
30°41′25″N 88°05′18″W / 30.690278°N 88.088333°W / 30.690278; -88.088333 (Amelia Stewart House)
This Greek Revival cottage in Midtown was completed in 1835.
94 Stewartfield
Stewartfield
October 18, 1984
(#84000124)
4307 Old Shell Rd.
30°41′38″N 88°08′32″W / 30.693889°N 88.142222°W / 30.693889; -88.142222 (Stewartfield)
This raised Greek Revival mansion in the Spring Hill neighborhood was completed in 1849.
95 Stone Street Baptist Church
Stone Street Baptist Church
August 8, 1985
(#85001749)
311 Tunstall St.
30°41′46″N 88°03′05″W / 30.696111°N 88.051389°W / 30.696111; -88.051389 (Stone Street Baptist Church)
This African American congregation, the second oldest in Mobile, was established by 1836. They moved to their present location in 1870. The current building dates to 1909. It is on the African American Heritage Trail of Mobile.
96 Stone Street Cemetery
Stone Street Cemetery
July 3, 1991
(#91000843)
1700 Martin Luther King, Jr., Boulevard
30°42′32″N 88°04′25″W / 30.708889°N 88.073611°W / 30.708889; -88.073611 (Stone Street Cemetery)
Now known as Catholic Cemetery, this cemetery was established in 1848 for the city's Roman Catholic community and religious orders by Michael Portier, the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Mobile.
97 Trinity Episcopal Church
Trinity Episcopal Church
August 20, 1990
(#90001240)
1900 Dauphin St.
30°41′11″N 88°05′09″W / 30.686389°N 88.085833°W / 30.686389; -88.085833 (Trinity Episcopal Church)
This church was designed by Frank Wills and Henry Dudley. It was completed in 1857 for the city's second Episcopal congregation, established in 1845. Christ Church Cathedral was the first. The roof of Trinity Episcopal, as well as the east wall, were badly damaged by the Christmas Day tornado of 2012.
98 Tschiener House
Tschiener House
January 18, 1982
(#82002061)
1120 Old Shell Rd.
30°41′22″N 88°03′43″W / 30.689444°N 88.061944°W / 30.689444; -88.061944 (Tschiener House)
This was the site of a Carpenter Gothic house, built in 1866, that has been destroyed since being listed on the National Register.
99 Turner-Todd Motor Company
Turner-Todd Motor Company
May 29, 2008
(#08000460)
455 St. Louis St.
30°41′31″N 88°02′56″W / 30.691944°N 88.048889°W / 30.691944; -88.048889 (Turner-Todd Motor Company)
This brick commercial building was built in 1926 to house an early automobile company.
100 U.S. Marine Hospital
U.S. Marine Hospital
June 27, 1974
(#74000428)
800 St. Anthony St.
30°41′28″N 88°03′16″W / 30.691111°N 88.054444°W / 30.691111; -88.054444 (U.S. Marine Hospital)
This Greek Revival hospital building was completed in 1842 for the Marine Hospital Service. It now serves the Mobile County Health Department. It served as a Confederate hospital during the American Civil War.
101 United States Federal Court House and Custom House
United States Federal Court House and Custom House
October 8, 2008
(#08000964)
113 St. Joseph St.
30°41′38″N 88°02′35″W / 30.693959°N 88.04317°W / 30.693959; -88.04317 (United States Federal Court House and Custom House)
Federal courthouse that was completed in 1934 in a blending of the Renaissance Revival and Art Deco styles.
102 USS Alabama
USS Alabama
January 14, 1986
(#86000083)
Battleship Parkway
30°40′55″N 88°00′57″W / 30.681944°N 88.015833°W / 30.681944; -88.015833 (USS Alabama)
This World War II era South Dakota-class battleship now serves as a museum ship and the centerpiece of Battleship Memorial Park. She is one of two National Historic Landmarks housed within the park.
103 USS Drum
USS Drum
January 14, 1986
(#86000086)
Battleship Parkway
30°40′50″N 88°01′00″W / 30.680556°N 88.016667°W / 30.680556; -88.016667 (USS Drum)
Housed at Battleship Memorial Park, this World War II era Gato-class submarine is also a National Historic Landmark.
104 Arthur VanderSys House
Arthur VanderSys House
July 12, 1991
(#91000857)
119 Florence Pl.
30°41′22″N 88°05′23″W / 30.689444°N 88.089722°W / 30.689444; -88.089722 (Arthur VanderSys House)
This Spanish Colonial Revival style house in the Florence Place subdivision was completed in 1926.
105 Jacob VanderSys House
Jacob VanderSys House
July 12, 1991
(#91000862)
129 Florence Pl.
30°41′23″N 88°05′22″W / 30.689722°N 88.089444°W / 30.689722; -88.089444 (Jacob VanderSys House)
This Spanish Colonial Revival style house in the Florence Place subdivision was completed in 1927.
106 Vickers and Schumacher Buildings
Vickers and Schumacher Buildings
December 22, 1983
(#83003474)
707-709 and 711 Dauphin St.
30°41′18″N 88°03′05″W / 30.688333°N 88.051389°W / 30.688333; -88.051389 (Vickers and Schumacher Buildings)
Completed in 1866, these two commercial buildings once served the Schumacher Carriage Works.
107 Joseph M. Walker House
Joseph M. Walker House
July 12, 1991
(#91000856)
104 Florence Pl.
30°41′18″N 88°05′20″W / 30.688333°N 88.088889°W / 30.688333; -88.088889 (Joseph M. Walker House)
This Spanish Colonial Revival style house in the Florence Place subdivision was completed in 1927.
108 Weems House
Weems House
October 7, 1982
(#82001613)
1155 Springhill Ave.
30°41′30″N 88°03′46″W / 30.691667°N 88.062778°W / 30.691667; -88.062778 (Weems House)
This late example of Greek Revival residential architecture was completed in 1870.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The latitude and longitude information provided in this table was derived originally from the National Register Information System, which has been found to be fairly accurate for about 99% of listings. For about 1% of NRIS original coordinates, experience has shown that one or both coordinates are typos or otherwise extremely far off; some corrections may have been made. A more subtle problem causes many locations to be off by up to 150 yards, depending on location in the country: most NRIS coordinates were derived from tracing out latitude and longitudes off of USGS topographical quadrant maps created under the North American Datum of 1927, which differs from the current, highly accurate WGS84 GPS system used by most on-line maps. Chicago is about right, but NRIS longitudes in Washington are higher by about 4.5 seconds, and are lower by about 2.0 seconds in Maine. Latitudes differ by about 1.0 second in Florida. Some locations in this table may have been corrected to current GPS standards.
  2. ^ "National Register of Historic Places: Weekly List Actions". National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved on July 18, 2014.
  3. ^ Higginbotham, Jay. Old Mobile: Fort Louis de la Louisiane, 1702-1711, pages 106-107. Museum of the City of Mobile, 1977. ISBN 0-914334-03-4.
  4. ^ a b c Thomason, Michael (2001). Mobile : the new history of Alabama's first city. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. pp. 4–36. ISBN 0-8173-1065-7. 
  5. ^ Thomason, M. Mobile (ibid), pages 154-169.
  6. ^ Thomason, M. Mobile (ibid), pages 213-217.
  7. ^ "Mobile Wins Title of All American City". "City of Mobile". Retrieved 2007-11-15. 
  8. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  10. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.