National Salvation Junta
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The National Salvation Junta (Junta de Salvação Nacional, Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒũtɐ dɨ saɫvɐˈsɐ̃w̃ nɐsiuˈnaɫ]) was a group of military officers designated to maintain the government of Portugal in April 1974, after the Carnation Revolution had overthrown the Estado Novo dictatorial regime. This junta functioned between 1974 and 1975, following a communiqué of its president, António de Spínola, at 1:30 a.m. on 26 April 1974.
The Junta was a pre-planned part of the programme of the Movimento das Forças Armadas (Movement of the Armed Forces; MFA), which aimed to exercise political power before the formation of a civilian government in order to prevent the immediate collapse of the Presidency of the Republic (then held by Rear-Admiral Américo Tomás) and of the government, along with the dissolution of the National Assembly and of the Council of State. Constitutional Law 1/74 of 25 April was promulgated in order to set this process in motion. The choice of President and Vice-President remained with the Junta itself.
The Junta was composed of:
- General António Ribeiro de Spínola (president)
- General Francisco da Costa Gomes
- Brigadier General Jaime Silvério Marques (Army),
- General Diogo Neto (absent in Portuguese Mozambique),
- Colonel Carlos Galvão de Melo (Air Force),
- Naval Captain José Pinheiro de Azevedo,
- Naval Commander António Rosa Coutinho (Navy).
On an interim basis, the Junta also exercised the functions of the Presidency of the Republic (from 26 April to 15 May, when it designated as Head of State the president of the Junta, António de Spínola) and of President of the Council (from 26 April to 16 May, when the First Provisional Government of Portugal, which was chosen by the MFA, took power, headed by Adelino da Palma Carlos).
On 30 September 1974 the staff was reorganized:
- General Francisco da Costa Gomes (president, Land Forces),
- Lieutenant Colonel Carlos Alberto Idães Soares Fabião (former governor of Portuguese Guinea, Land Forces).
- Lieutenant Colonel Nuno Fisher Lopes Pires (Land Forces).
- Vice-Admiral José Pinheiro de Azevedo (Navy).
- Capitão-de-Mar-e-Guerra Silvano Alves Ribeiro (Navy), during the absence of Naval Commander António Rosa Coutinho, who was appointed the governor of Portuguese Angola.
- Lieutenant Colonel Narciso Mendes Dias (Air Force),
- Lieutenant Colonel Aníbal Pinho Freire (Air Force).
Constitutional Law 5/75 of 14 March 1975 abolished NSJ and established the Revolutionary Council of Portugal (Conselho da Revolução de Portugal), which included former members of NSJ.
|President of Portugal (interim)
26 April 1974–15 May 1974
António de Spínola
|Prime Minister of Portugal (interim)
26 April 1974 –16 May 1974
Adelino da Palma Carlos
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