National Science Day

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National Science Day
Observed by India
Date 28 February
Next time 28 February 2015 (2015-02-28)

National Science Day is celebrated in India on 28 February each year to mark the discovery of the Raman effect by Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman on 28 February 1928.[1]

For his discovery, Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

History of National Science Day[edit]

In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day. The event is now celebrated all over the country in schools, colleges, universities and other academic, scientific, technical, medical and research institutions. On the occasion of the first National Science Day on 30 May 2000, the NCSTC announced institution of the National Science Popularization awards for recognizing outstanding efforts in the area of science communication and popularization. Sir C. V. Raman worked at Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, West Bengal, India during 1907 to 1933 on various topics of Physics making discovery of the celebrated effect on scattering of light in 1928, which bears his name and that brought many accolades including the Nobel Prize in 1930. The American Chemical Society designated the 'Raman Effect' as an International Historic Chemical Landmark in 2013.


National science day is celebrated as one of the main science festivals in India every year during which students of the schools and colleges demonstrates various science projects as well as national and state science institutions demonstrates their latest researches. The celebration also includes public speech, radio-TV talk shows, exhibitions of science movie, science exhibition based on themes and concepts, watching night sky, live projects and researches demonstration, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science models exhibitions and many more activities. It is celebrated every year with immense passion at the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (also called GMRT) at Khodad which is a worldwide famous telescope getting operated at low radio frequencies by the NCRA (National Centre for Radio Astrophysics) established by the TIFR (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research). Variety of activities is organized by the NCRA and GMRT at the ceremony of national science day celebration in order to recognize their leading research activities in the field of radio astronomy and astrophysics. Variety of programmes is also held for the common public and student community to popularize the science and technology in the country. The minister of science and technology give a message through his speech at this day to the students, scientists, researchers and general public of the nation. Objectives of Celebrating National Science Day

National Science Day is being celebrated every year to widely spread a message about the significance of scientific applications in the daily life of the people. To display all the activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for human welfare. To discuss all the issues and implement new technologies for the development of the science. To give an opportunity to the scientific minded citizens in the country. To encourage the people as well as popularize the Science and Technology.


Themes of National Science Day

The theme of the year 1999 was “Our Changing Earth”. The theme of the year 2000 was “Recreating Interest in Basic Science”. The theme of the year 2001 was “Information Technology for Science Education”. The theme of the year 2002 was “Wealth from Waste”. The theme of the year 2003 was “50 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF – The blue print of Life”. The theme of the year 2004 was “Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community”. The theme of the year 2005 was “Celebrating Physics”. The theme of the year 2006 was “Nurture Nature for our future”. The theme of the year 2007 was “More Crop Per Drop”. The theme of the year 2008 was “Understanding the Planet Earth”. The theme of the year 2009 was “Expanding Horizons of Science”. The theme of the year 2010 was “Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development”. The theme of the year 2011 was “Chemistry in Daily Life”. The theme of the year 2012 was “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety”. The theme of the year 2013 was “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”. The theme of the year 2014 would be “Fostering Scientific Temper”.

On 28 February 2009, five institutions in the country were presented National Award for Science Communication by the Indian Department of Science and Technology. These awards are presented to recognize the efforts of individuals and government and non-government bodies for the popularization of science in the country.

The highest award in 2009 was given to the Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Centre for its contribution to science-related learning material and conducting training programs on science education.[2]

A Festival of Measurement and Space Fair was held at the Nehru Planetarium, New Delhi.[3]

Dr. Pramod Kumar Mohapatra, G.S. Unnikrishnan Nair and Ms. Meenu Khare were awarded INR one lakh (1,00,000) for their individual contributions to the field.[2] Jidnyasa Trust of Thane also received one lakh rupees (INR1,00,000) for setting up a science activity center. It is to make people aware about the science and technology.


The theme of the year 2010 was “Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development”.


The theme of the year 2011 was “Chemistry in Daily Life”.


The focal theme for 2012 National Science Day was “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety” [4] As the nation observed National Science Day on 28 February, the citizens saw a slew of activities at Science City which had planned a five-day Science Carnival on theme of youth and science.

"The Science Carnival is going to be an event with a series of scientific activities and programs involving school and college students, eminent scientists and faculties of the state and country. We want to provide a real platform for the budding scientists to make their career and profession in science," said a senior Science City official. Officials said that they are expecting nearly one lakh (1,00,000) students and science enthusiasts to visit Science City during this period.


The theme of the year 2013 was “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”.


The theme for the National Science Day 2014 is “Science for Nation Building”. Based on the theme, the activities such as S&T exhibitions, popular lecture, theme based demonstrations, radio/television programes, slide shows, debates/quiz/essay writing competitions, and other appropriate activities involving participation of large number of people, aimed at nurturing scientific temper in them, could be organized.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Science Day today". All India Radio. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "National Science Day Award to CSC Ahmedabad". Gujrat Global. Retrieved 28 February 2009. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Host of events in capital on National Science Day today". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 28 February 2009. Retrieved 28 February 2009. 
  4. ^ National Science Day Theme 2012