National Security Intelligence
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Seal of National Seccurity Intelligence
|Formed||December 29, 1972|
|Headquarters||NSI Headquarters, Dhaka, Bangladesh|
|Motto||"Watch and Listen for the nation, To protect national security"|
|Agency executive||Major Gen. Shamsul Haque, Director|
|Parent agency||None (Independent)|
The National Security Intelligence, commonly known as the NSI, is one of the principal intelligence agency of People's Republic of Bangladesh. The NSI's headquarters is in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The NSI is the leading body of the Government of Bangladesh in the field of internal security, counter intelligence and foreign intelligence . NSI is largest of the two intelligence branches in Bangladesh, the other being the Director General of Forces Intelligence (DGFI). This is an independent international intelligence agency. The agency has 37 branch offices in 19 countries. The NSI also has 64 territorial units in all of the 64 districts of Bangladesh headed by Deputy Director or Assistant Director.
Being the largest and the only independent intelligence agency in Bangladesh, The NSI's principal activities are gathering information about Foreign Government, Individuals and Corporations. Since Bangladesh receives its biggest threats from neighbouring countries; especially India and Myanmar, The presence of NSI in Bangladesh Border is very large. NSI have been praised for many accomplishments, however, it was also criticized for Targeted Killings, Assassinations and funding and training militants. NSI have been heavily critisized by Human Right Watch.
- 1 Organization
- 2 Organizational structure
- 3 Organogram of the Agency
- 4 Duties
- 5 Training
- 6 Controversies and Alleged Operations
- 7 References
- The Directorate General of National Security Intelligence is headed by a Director General (D.G) with the rank of Major General /Secretary.
- The intelligence agency maintains presence particularly the major cities of 37 countries.
- The force is mostly staffed by civil personnel.
The NSI has an executive office and several agency-wide functions, and five major Wings:
- The Directorate of External, responsible for all-source intelligence from aboard
- The Directorate of Border, responsible for all-source intelligence from border area of the country
- The Directorate of Internal, responsible for all-source intelligence inside the country
- The Directorate of Security, responsible for security of VVIP and protecting the country by eliminating threats
- The Directorate of Admin, responsible for personnel management and the like
- The Directorate of Training, responsible for personnel development
It has a number of section under different directorates, responsible for different activities like Technical section which give all the technical supports all parts of the agency.
Organogram of the Agency
- Director General (DG)
- Additional Director (Addi D)
- Joint Director (JD)
- Deputy Director (DD)
- Assistant Director (AD)
- Field Officer (FO)
- Junior Field Officer (JFO)
- Watcher Constable (WC)
- other staff.
The Director of the National Security Intelligence (D/NSI) reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI); in practice, he deals with the DNI, Congress (usually via the Office of Congressional Affairs), and the Bangabhaban, while the Deputy Director is the internal executive. The NSI has varying amounts of Congressional oversight, although that is principally a guidance role.
The Executive Office also facilitates the NSI's support of the Bangladesh Army by providing it with information it gathers, receiving information from military intelligence organizations, and cooperating on field activities. Two senior executives have responsibility, one CIA-wide and one for the National Clandestine Service. The Associate Director for Military Support, a senior military officer, manages the relationship between the CIA and the Unified Combatant Commands, who produce regional/operational intelligence and consume national intelligence; he is assisted by the Office of Military Affairs in providing support to all branches of the military.
The NSI also makes national-level intelligence available to tactical organizations, usually to their all-source intelligence group.
The NSI has three principal activities: gathering information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals; analyzing that information, along with intelligence gathered by other Bangladesh intelligence agencies, in order to provide national security intelligence assessment to senior Bangladesh policymakers; and, upon the request of the President of the people republic of Bangladesh, carrying out or overseeing covert activities and some tactical operations by its own employees, by members of the B.A military, or by other partners.
Staff offices with several general responsibilities report to the Executive Office. The staff also gather information and then report such information to the Executive Office.
The NSI's Center for the Study of Intelligence maintains the Agency's historical materials and promotes the study of intelligence as a legitimate discipline.
General Counsel and Inspector General
Two offices advise the Director on legality and proper operations. The Office of General Counsel advises the Director of the NSI on all legal matters relating to his role as NSI director and is the principal source of legal counsel for the NSI.
The NSI Office of Inspector General|Office of Inspector General promotes efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability in the administration of Agency activities, and seeks to prevent and detect fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement. The Inspector General, whose activities are independent of those of any other component in the Agency, reports directly to the Director of the NSI.
Influencing public opinion
The Office of Public Affairs is often in charge of creating state funded propaganda for the masses. For example, during the 9/11 counter terror campaign, the administration advised the D.G of the NSI to publish on all media, public policy, and employee communications issues relating to this person's role. This office, among other functions, works with the entertainment industry .
The NSI receives training from the Special Force of Bangladesh Army. NSI is also trained by the Central Intelligence Agency which is the special intelligence branch of United States. The Headquarters of NSI is situated in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
- NSI uses different types of equipment shared by Special Operations Forces. The Primary weapon given to NSI Operatives is Walther, FN Five-Seven, Heckler & Koch USP, G17SD and Glock Pistols.
Directorate of Intelligence
The Directorate of Intelligence produces all-source intelligence investigation on key foreign and intercontinental issues relating to powerful and sometimes anti-government sensitive topics. title = 20 of Service to the Nation date=February 2, title = Intelligence & Analysis accessdate = 2011-07-01
Drug Cartel and Crime Group Destroyed by NSI
In 2004, Drug cartell groups were all around Bangladesh. Illegal drugs like Heroine, Yaba, Phensidyl etc. were being exported to Bangladesh through Indian borders. The Bangladesh Government complained but India did not take any steps against the drug cartel. So, NSI had to infiltrate to India without any permission to destroy the Indian drug cartel. This time 17 drug cartels based in the Indian cities of Mumbai and Delhi were completely destroyed by the NSI. According to Indian Police, In these two conflicts 27 criminals were killed and 69 criminals were wounded. On the other hand, one agent was arrested by Indian Police.
Controversies and Alleged Operations
Human Rights abuses
Several Indian Leading Newspapers, such as Rediff and Times of India have accused NSI behind the unrest in Assam, According to Indian Intelligence, NSI along with DGFI funded and trained Militants and sent them to India. They also stated that NSI has launched 'Operation Pin Code'; which aims to disconnect Eastern India from Mainland India, and to gain control over Assam, Tripura and Bengal Region.
Refuge and NSA
According to reports, in recent years has supported a number of anti-Indian groups who had taken refuge in the territory of Bangladesh. In Dhaka, year in year out categorically reject the offer of New Delhi to conduct a joint operation to eliminate the bases of these groups, on the grounds that their presence has been established. Indian authorities impose Dhaka is also evidence that the Government of Bangladesh to finance anti-Indian groups
- Rahman, Mahmudur (October 5, 2012). "Chittagong Hill Tracks Reporter: The caring, sharing NSI: National Security Intelligence gets a makeover". Dainik Amar Desh.
- Alffram, Henrik (May 2009). "Ignoring Executions and Torture: Impunity for Bangladesh's Security Forces". Human Rights Watch Bangladesh (May 2009): 20.