National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine

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National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine
Рада національної безпеки
і оборони України
NSDC.png
RNBO logo
Agency overview
Formed October 11, 1991; 23 years ago (1991-10-11)
Preceding Agency Defense Council
National Security Council
Jurisdiction Ukraine
Headquarters 11 Bankova Street
Agency executives Petro Poroshenko, Chairman of RNBO
Oleksandr Turchynov[1], Secretary of RNBO
Parent agency President of Ukraine
Website www.rnbo.gov.ua/
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ukraine

National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Рада національної безпеки і оборони України), is an advisory state body to the President of Ukraine, locally referred by its abbreviation RNBO[U].

It is a state agency tasked with developing a policy of national security on domestic and international matters in advising the President of Ukraine (currently Petro Poroshenko[2]). All the sessions of the council take place in the Presidential Administration Building.

History[edit]

All the sessions of the council take place in the Presidential Administration Building.

Defense Council[edit]

The Defense Council was created by the provision of Supreme Council of Ukraine #1658-12 on October 11, 1991. Defense Council was defined as the highest state body of collegiate governing on matters of defense and security of Ukraine with following goals:

  • protection of sovereignty
  • constitutional order
  • territorial integrity and inviolability of republic
  • develop strategies and continuous improvement of policy in sphere of defense and state security
  • comprehensive scientific assessment of the military threat nature
  • determining position toward modern warfare
  • effective control over the execution of the tasks of the state and its institutions keeping defense capabilities of Ukraine at the level of defense sufficiency

On January 23, 1992 the President of Ukraine appointed Myroslav Vitovsky as a secretary of the Defense Council, a position which Vitovsky held until November 30, 1995.

Initial Composition[edit]

  • Chairman of the Supreme Council of Ukraine[3]
  • Prime-Minister of Ukraine[3]
  • Head of commission of the Supreme Council of Ukraine on issues of defense and state security of Ukraine[3]
  • State Minister on issues of defense, national security and emergency situations in Ukraine[3]
  • State Minister on issues of defense complex and conversion of Ukraine[3]
  • Minister of Defense of Ukraine[3]
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine[3]
  • Director of the Security Service of Ukraine[3]
  • Commander of Border Troops of Ukraine[3]
  • Commander of the National Guard of Ukraine[3]
  • Chief of Staff of the Civil defense of Ukraine[3]

After the establishment and elections of the President of Ukraine the composition of the council was reformed on April 9, 1992 by a provision of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament).[4]

National Security Council[edit]

The Council was originally created under temporary provision on July 3, 1992 as the National Security Council, but significantly revamped and strengthened under President Leonid Kuchma in 1994. The council was headed by a Presidential adviser in national security matters:

  • July 1, 1992 - April 19, 1993 Volodymyr Selivanov (Adviser of the President of Ukraine on national security matters - Secretary of National Security Council)
    • before November 19, 1992 as State adviser of Ukraine on national security matters
  • December 1, 1993 - August 5, 1994 Valeriy Kartavtsev (Secretary of National Security Council)
  • August 5, 1994 - November 10, 1999 Volodymyr Horbulin (Secretary of National Security Council)
    • since October 17, 1994 as Secretary of National Security Council - Adviser of the President of Ukraine on national security matters

On August 23, 1994 President of Ukraine adopted new provision for the Council. After the adaptation of the Constitution of Ukraine on June 28, 1996, the provisions of the council (National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine) were outlined in the Article 107. Thus the National Security Council was merged with the already existing Defense Council of Ukraine and was adapted by the Presidential edict on August 30, 1996.

Current Membership / Composition[edit]

Beside the President and his/hers secretary the council consists also of the Prime Minister of Ukraine, the Minister of Defense, the Head of Security Service of Ukraine, the Minister of Internal Affairs, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The head of the council is the President of Ukraine assisted by secretary whom he is allowed to appoint. In the absence of existing President of Ukraine such as between elections, the acting chairman of the council is the Prime Minister. The Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada is not a member of the council, but he or she is allowed to participate in the meetings. Members of the council may also be other chairmen of government bodies of the Executive branch. Any other individual is only allowed by the special invitation from the Chairman of the Council.

In June 2014 President Petro Poroshenko reshuffled the membership of the council.[2][nb 1]

List of government institutions[edit]

Employees[edit]

According to former secretary Andriy Klyuyev 460 people worked at the Council in 2010, while the April 2012 number of employees was 90.[5] President Viktor Yanukovych limited the number of employees of the Council to 180 employees on 9 April 2012.[5]

Secretaries since 1994[edit]

# Name Secretary of Council
1 Volodymyr Horbulin August 30, 1994 — November 10, 1999
2 Yevhen Marchuk November 10, 1999 — June 25, 2003
3 Volodymyr Radchenko September 2, 2003 — January 20, 2005
4 Petro Poroshenko February 8, 2005 — September 8, 2005
5 Anatoliy Kinakh September 27, 2005 — May 16, 2006
act Volodymyr Horbulin May 24 to October 10, 2006
6 Vitaliy Haiduk October 10, 2006 — May 12, 2007[6]
7 Ivan Plyushch May 12, 2007 — November 26, 2007
8 Raisa Bogatyrova December 24, 2007 — February 14, 2012
9 Andriy Klyuyev February 14, 2012 — January 24, 2014[7]
10 Andriy Parubiy February 27, 2014 — August 7, 2014[8][1]
11 Oleksandr Turchynov December, 16 2014[1] — present

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Before this the list of government institutions was:
    • Office of President (President of Ukraine)
    • Government of Ukraine (Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine)
    • National law enforcement agency (Ministry of Internal Affairs)
    • National security agency (Security Service)
    • National defense agency (Ministry of Defense)
    • National agency on foreign policy (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
    • Representative of the council's secretariat (Secretary of RNBOU)
    • (optional) Representative of national legislation (Chairman of the Supreme Council)

References[edit]

External links[edit]