National Shrine of the North American Martyrs

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Interior of the Coliseum at the National Shrine of the North American Martyrs, Auriesville, New York, showing the sanctuary and high altar.

The National Shrine of the North American Martyrs, also dedicated as the Shrine of Our Lady of Martyrs, is a Roman Catholic shrine in Auriesville, New York dedicated to the Jesuit missionaries who were martyred at the Mohawk Indian village of Ossernenon between 1642 and 1646.

History[edit]

In the 1642, a small band of Jesuit missionaries set out from Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, a settlement in Ontario, Canada, to work among the Huron tribe of upstate New York and the territories in Canada. They were captured enroute by a party of Mohawks, a tribe of the Iroquois confederacy, and enemy of the Huron.[1] Rene Goupil, a surgeon and later Jesuit lay brother, and Father Isaac Jogues were brought to the Mohawk settlement of Ossernenon. Caught teaching a child the sign of the cross, Goupil was felled with a blow from a hatchet and died. He was the first of the order in the Canadian missions to suffer martyrdom.[2] Jogues remained a captive for thirteen months when Dutch traders from Fort Orange (Albany) smuggled him aboard ship to safety. Jogues made his way to New Amsterdam (New York), and then to France. [3]

Jogues returned to New France in the spring of 1644. He gave the name of "Lake of the Blessed Sacrament" to the body of water called by the Indians Horicon, now known as Lake George. In 1646 Jogues, accompanied by John LaLande, a lay missionary, was sent to negotiate peace with the Iroquois. In late September he began his third and last journey to the Mohawk. In the interim sickness had broken out in the tribe and a blight had fallen on the crops. This double calamity was ascribed to Jogues whom the Indians always regarded as a sorcerer. The news of this change of sentiment spread rapidly, and though fully aware of the danger Jogues continued on his way to Ossernenon, though all his companions fled except Lalande. The Mohawk captured him near Lake George, beat him and led him to the village. On 18 October, 1646 when entering a cabin he was struck with a tomahawk and killed.[3] LaLande was killed the next day, attempting to recover Jogues' body. They remain the only canonized Roman Catholic martyrs of the United States; (the Russian Orthodox Church canonized two martyrs—St. Peter the Aleut and St. Juvenal of Alaska—in 1970).

The first recitation of the Rosary in what is now New York State took place at the site on September 29, 1642. Saint Kateri Tekakwitha, a Mohawk woman, was born there in 1656.[4] She later converted to Christianity and was baptized in what is now nearby Fonda, New York. While the missionaries were in Ossernenon and the adjacent Indian towns, she and other Mohawk converts were known for their exact Christian life, and in many instances for their exalted piety.[5] Saint Kateri was beatified in 1980 by Pope John Paul II, and was canonized a Saint by his successor, Pope Benedict XVI, on Sunday, October 21, 2012, along with some others.

Shrine[edit]

Auriesville is on the south bank of the Mohawk River, about forty miles west of Albany, New York. Research on the part of Catholic historian John Gilmary Shea, whose knowledge of the history of the early mission was profound, and that of Gen. J. S. Clarke of Auburn, whose knowledge of Indian sites both in New York and Huron territory equally so, led to the identification of the place where Father Jogues and his companions died. Rev. Joseph Loyzance, S.J., a parish priest of St. Joseph's, Troy, N.Y., had a lifelong interest in the lives of the early missionaries. In 1884, Father Loyzance purchased ten acres of land on the hill where the village had been located, and erected a small shrine under the title of Our Lady of Martyrs.[5] Father Loyzance subsequently led a pilgrimage of four thousand people from Albany and Troy to the shrine. Other parishes later adopted the practice of visiting Auriesville during the summer.

In 1930, a unique Coliseum was built overlooking the Mohawk Valley, thus becoming one of the first circular churches built in the United States. The Coliseum's design allows for the efficient seating of approximately 6000 worshipers for Holy Mass. Today the grounds of the Shrine cover some 600 acres (2.4 km2).[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to National Shrine of the North American Martyrs at Wikimedia Commons