National Socialist Movement (United States)
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|National Socialist Movement|
|Preceded by||American Nazi Party|
|Colors||Black, white, red|
|Politics of United States
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The National Socialist Movement (NSM) is a white nationalist party operating in the United States and around the world. The group was founded in 1974 as the National Socialist American Workers Freedom Movement by Robert Brannen and Cliff Herrington, former members of the American Nazi Party before its decline. The party's chairman is Jeff Schoep, who has held that position since 1994. The group claims to be the largest and most active National Socialist organization in the United States. Although at times classified as a hate group, it refers to itself as a "white civil rights organization." Each state has members in smaller groups within areas known as "regions." The NSM has national meetings and smaller regional meetings.
The NSM was responsible for leading the demonstration which some believe sparked the 2005 Toledo Riots. In April 2006, the group held a rally on the capitol steps in Lansing, Michigan, which was met by a larger counter-rally and ended in scuffles. In 2007, some members left to join the National Socialist Order of America, which was led by 2008 presidential candidate John Taylor Bowles.
In January 2009, the group sponsored a half-mile section of U.S. Highway 160 outside of Springfield, Missouri, as part of the Adopt-A-Highway Trash Cleanup program. The highway was later renamed the "Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel Memorial Highway" by the state legislature.
In 2009 the NSM had 61 chapters in 35 states, making it the largest neo-Nazi group in the United States according to the Southern Poverty Law Center.
In May 2011, the NSM was described by The New York Times as being "the largest supremacist group, with about 400 members in 32 states," although that membership number is considered to be extremely conservative in its estimate by the organization.
On May 1, 2011, Jeff Hall, a leader of the California branch of the NSM, was killed by his ten-year-old son. Hall had run in 2010 for a seat on the board of directors of a Riverside County water board, a race in which he earned about 30% of the vote.
The NSM held a rally on September 3, 2011 in West Allis, Wisconsin to protest incidents at the Wisconsin State Fair on August 5, 2011 when a large crowd of young African-Americans targeted and beat white people as they left the fair around 11 p.m. Police claimed the incident began as a fight among African-American youths that was not racially motivated. Dan Devine, the mayor of West Allis, stated on September 2, 2011, "I believe I speak for the citizens when I say they [the NSM] are not welcome here."
- "The National Socialist Movement". The Anti-Defamation League.
- "The National Socialist Movement". The Anti-Defamation League. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Hundreds Protest Neo-Nazi National Socialist Movement in Lansing" by edcutlip | MediaMouse.org, April 24, 2006
- "National Socialist Movement unit adopts section of Missouri highway". Missourian. January 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Los Angeles Times April 18, 2010—“White Supremacist Rally at L.A. City Hall Draws Violent Protest”:
- "Jeff Hall, a Neo-Nazi, Is Killed, and His Young Son is Charged" by Jesse McKinley, New York Times, May 10, 2011
- "Neo-Nazi running for office in Riverside County" by Tony Barboza, Los Angeles Times, October 19, 2010
- WTMJ News August 5, 2011--Witnesses describe mobs, some people claim racially-charged attacks:
- Breann Schossow, "West Allis beefs up security outside State Fair", Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, Aug. 9, 2011.
- National Socialist Movement Headquarters Official Website