National Society of Film Critics
The National Society of Film Critics (NSFC) is an American film critic organization. As of December 2007 the NSFC had approximately 60 members who wrote for a variety of weekly and daily newspapers.
National Society of Film Critics was founded in 1966 in the New York City apartment of Saturday Review critic Hollis Alpert, one of several co-founding film critics who was refused membership to the New York Film Critics Circle, as it preferred critics who worked for mainstream newspapers. His co-founders included Pauline Kael, a writer for The New Yorker; Joe Morgenstern, then a movie reviewer for Newsweek; and Richard Schickel, a film critic for Life Magazine. The Society was also founded in order to counteract the influence of New York Times critic Bosley Crowther, who dominated the New York City film critic scene for many years. The original founding film critics, who were overwhelmingly based in New York, called their new group a "national" organization because they wrote for a number of magazines and newspapers with a national circulation.
The organization is known for their highbrow tastes, and its annual awards are one of the most prestigious film critics awards in the United States. In past years, many of their Best Picture winners have been foreign films and their choices rarely parallel the Academy Awards. They have agreed with the Oscar in five instances over the past forty years: 1977's Annie Hall, 1992's Unforgiven, 1993's Schindler's List, 2004's Million Dollar Baby and 2009's The Hurt Locker. Four other winners did receive the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film: Z, Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie (The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie), La nuit américaine (Day for Night), and Préparez vos mouchoirs (Get Out Your Handkerchiefs).
The NSFC is also the American representative of the International Federation of Film Critics (FIPRESCI), which comprises the national organizations of professional film critics and film journalists from around the world. The FIPRESCI has members in more than 50 countries worldwide.
The society has published an ongoing series of anthologies of articles including:
- The B List:The National Society of Film Critics on the Low-Budget Beauties,Genre-Bending Mavericks,and Cult Classics We Love, Edited by David Sterritt and John C. Anderson, 2008
- The X List: A Guide to the Movies That Turn Us On, Edited by Jami Bernard, Da Capo Press, 2005
- The A List: 100 Essential Films, Edited by Jay Carr, Da Capo Press, 2002
- Flesh and Blood: On Sex, Violence, and Censorship, Edited by Peter Keough, Mercury House, 1995
- They Went Thataway: Redefining Film Genres, Edited by Richard T. Jameson, Mercury House, 1994
- Love and Hisses: Sound Off On the Hottest Movie Controversies, Edited by Peter Rainer, Mercury House, 1992
- Foreign Affairs: A Guide to Foreign Films, Edited by Kathy Schulz Huffhines, Mercury House, 1991
- Produced and Abandoned: The Best Films You've Never Seen, Edited by Michael Sragow, Mercury House, 1990
- The National Society of Film Critics on the Movie Star, Edited by Elisabeth Weis, Penguin, 1981
- The National Society of Film Critics on Movie Comedy, Edited by Stuart Byron and Elisabeth Weis, Penguin, 1977
Annual Film Awards 
- Nelson, Valerie J. (2007-12-07). "Hollis Alpert, at 91; author cofounded film critic society". Los Angeles Times (Boston Globe). Retrieved 2007-12-10.
- Official website
- Los Angeles Times: Hollis Alpert, 1916-2007: Writer co-founded National Society of Film Critics