National Stadium, Warsaw
|Kazimierz Górski National Stadium in Warsaw|
|Stadion Narodowy im. Kazimierza Górskiego w Warszawie|
UEFA Category 4 Stadium
|Full name||Stadion Narodowy im. Kazimierza Górskiego w Warszawie|
|Location||Al. Zieleniecka 1 Warsaw, Poland|
|Opened||January 29, 2012|
|Operator||Narodowe Centrum Sportu|
|Construction cost||c. 1,915 million PLN
(€ 0,5 billion)
|Architect||consortium: JSK Architekci [leader], gmp - Architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners, sbp|
|Project manager||Markus Pfisterer
|Structural engineer||Schlaich Bergermann & Partner|
56,826 (UEFA capacity)
(Poland - Greece, June 8, 2012)
|Field dimensions||105 x 68 m|
Poland national football team
The Kazimierz Górski National Stadium (Polish: Stadion Narodowy [ˈsta.di̯ɔn na.rɔ.ˈdɔ.vɨ]) is a retractable roof football stadium located in Warsaw, Poland. It is used mostly for football matches and it is the home stadium of Poland national football team.
The stadium has a seating capacity of 58,145 which makes it the largest association football arena in Poland. Its construction started in 2008 and finished in November 2011. It is located on the site of the former 10th-Anniversary Stadium, on Aleja Zieleniecka in Praga Południe district, near the city center. The stadium has a retractable PVC roof which unfolds from a nest on a spire suspended above the centre of the pitch. The retractable roof is inspired by the cable-supported unfolding system of Commerzbank-Arena in Frankfurt, Germany, and is also similar to the newly renovated roof of BC Place in Vancouver, Canada.
The National Stadium hosted the opening match (a group match), the 2 group matches, a quarterfinal, and the semifinal of the UEFA Euro 2012, co-hosted by Poland and Ukraine.
The stadium is equipped with a heated pitch, training pitch, façade lighting, and underground parking. It is a multipurpose venue able to host sporting events, concerts, cultural events, and conferences. The official stadium opening took place on 19 January 2012, and the first football match was played on 29 February 2012. The match between Poland national football team and Portugal national football team ended with a 0-0 draw.
The stadium will host the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League final.
Stadium specifics 
Construction and architecture 
General contractor of the National Stadium was a German-Austrian-Polish consortium led by Alpine Bau and comprising Alpine Bau Deutschland, Alpine Construction Poland, PBG SA and Hydrobudowa Poland SA. The agreement was made in triplicate and counts 250 pages (including 60 attachments). Completion date has been set for 24 months from date of signing the contract. The construction process involved approximately 1,200 employees.
The stadium has a capacity of 58,145 seats for spectators during football matches and up to 72,900 during concerts and other events (including 106 sites for the disabled persons). The total volume of the stadium (without roof) is more than 1,000,000 m² and total area is 204,000 m². Dimension of retractable roof structure is 240 × 270 m. Total length of the lower promenade is 924 meters. The central spire stands at a height of 124 metres above the River Vistula and 100 m above the pitch. Stadium has the largest conference center in Warsaw with capacity of 1600 people including 25,000 m² of commercial office space. Underground parking for 1765 cars is located beneath the pitch. The stadium contains restaurants, a fitness club, a pub, and 69 luxury skyboxes.
The National Stadium is a multi-sports facility that allows the organization of sport events, music concerts and cultural events. In addition the object will be also served as an office, market place, hotel, gastronomic point and others. As a result, it is expected that about 2000 to 3000 people will visit the stadium every single day.
The stadium's façade refers to the Polish national colors, resembling a waving Flag of Poland and it consists of silver and red colors. The same palette were used to coloring stadium seats. The facade, consists of painted mesh that was imported from Spain, covers inner aluminum and glass elevation. The stadium is an open structure, which means the lack of closed facade, so the temperature inside the object is similar to the environmental temperature, despite the closed roof construction. Such construction of facade allows natural ventilation of rooms placed under the stands and access of natural light.
Elevations are stretched on a powerful construction of the pipes that were manufactured in Italy. This structure is completely independent from the concrete stands construction and it is fundamental for retractable stadium’s roof. Thanks to this, designers could freely design the space under the stands.
The pitch 
The stadium is equipped with a heated pitch. The pitch is installed with a lawn of Dutch grass, cultivated in Heythuysen, the Netherlands. During organization of events such as concerts, pitch will be covered with special panel, which must be removed within 5 days of its installation. A second option: to install a grass field on a special floating platform, was discarded due to it being expensive.
The grandstands 
National Stadium was designed by the German-Polish consortium National Stadium was designed by the German-Polish consortium gmp Architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners, J.S.K Architekci Sp. z o.o. and sbp - schlaich bergermann und partner. (Design by Volkwin Marg and Hubert Nienhoff with Markus Pfisterer, Zbigniew Pszczulny, Mariusz Rutz, Marcin Chruslinski) The structure is composed of two-level stands - top and bottom - with capacity of 58,145 spectators. All seats on the National Stadium was provided by Polish company Forum Seating belonging to the Nowy Styl Group located in Krosno. There are 900 seats for media and press, more than 4,600 so-called "premium seats", designed for special guests, 106 seats for disabled people and more than 800 seats in the VIP lodges.
Under the stands changing rooms, conference halls and living areas with a total area of 130 000 m² are located. The building has eight stories with varied heights. The highest point at the stands, is located 41 meters above the former 10th-Anniversary Stadium pitch, while the highest point of the steel roof structure - 70 meters above that level. The roof could covers not only stands, but also the pitch.
Retractable roof 
Partially transparent, the retractable roof was made of fiberglass covered with teflon. This kind of material is resistant to the weather factors (rain, heat of the sun, holds up to 18 cm of wet snow) and the crease tendency. The technology of production comes from German company Hightex GmbH. Textile was produced in Bangkok by Asia Membrane Co. Ltd.
The process of opening or closing the roof takes about 20 minutes and it could be performed only at temperatures above 5 °C and not during rain (this was the reason for a one day postponement of the match against England on 16. October 2012). A drive system is used for stretching the membrane during the process of opening and for folding the material during the process of closing the roof. Total weight of steel-cables supporting the roof structure is 1,200 tons. Under the roof there are four LED display screens hung up. Each of them has an area of 200 m².
Construction history 
On 1 February 2008, the consortium of JSK Architects Ltd., GMP - von Gerkan, Marg und Partner Architekten and SBP - Schleich Bergermann und Partner presented a conceptual design (visualization and scale model) of a new stadium.
The first pre-construction work began on 15 May 2008. About 126 concrete piles were pressed into soil of the basin of the old’s stadium grandstand. On 18 June 2008, National Sports Centre Ltd. submitted documents required to obtain a construction permit from the governor of Masovia. A favorable decision was made on 22 July 2008. On 26 September 2008, an agreement with Pol-Aqua SA to implement the first stage of construction work was signed. A few days later, on 7 October 2008, the construction of the stadium began.
On the construction site, close to the National Sports Centre an outdoor webcam was installed. Broadcasting started on 31 October 2008 and everyone could track the progress of construction. Since the start of the second stage of construction, on 29 June 2009, the entire process could also be observed by using the second camera which was installed on the tower at Washington Roundabout. Images from the cameras are still available on the official websites of the stadium.
Main process 
The first stage of construction included the demolition of concrete structures of the 10th-Anniversary Stadium, preparation of the ground, driving about 7000 concrete piles into soil, construction of 6700 gravel and concrete columns, and building of approximately 900 construction piles that now form the foundation of the stadium.
On 9 March 2009 the pile driving process was completed, and exactly one month later, opening of the offers from companies wishing to implement the second stage of the stadium construction took place. The best offer was introduced by German-Austrian-Polish consortium of companies - Alpine Bau Deutschland AG, Alpine Bau GmbH and Alpine Construction Poland Ltd., Hydrobudowa Poland SA and PBG SA and it was worth € 1 252 755 008.64 zł.
At the end of September, the first construction elements were visible from outside the stadium. The cornerstone (foundation stone) and a time capsule were set during the ceremony held on 7 October 2009. The time capsule contained flags of Poland, the European Union and the city of Warsaw, newspapers of the day, coins, banknotes, and other artifacts.
At the end of January the first element of roof structure arrived on construction site. This element was 1 of 72 that became part of the massive steel roof structure. Each of them weighs about 48 tons and is 12.5 meters tall. The Completion of installation of all prefabricated elements took place on 13 August 2010, which represent the entire structure of stadium stands. Ten days later all concrete works were finished.
On 16 December 2010 at the headquarters of the National Sports Centre a press conference took place dedicated to the so-called ‘big lift operation’ at the stadium. The conference discussed main principles of a process, one of the most technologically
advanced operations in the world and the first such project in Europe. No major problems occurred during this operation and ‘big lift’ was finalized on January 4, 2011. On this occasion, in the presence of Prime Minister Donald Tusk and Mayor of Warsaw Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz a ceremony of symbolic topping-out was held.
Completion & opening 
National Stadium was originally planned to be completed on 30 June 2011. Stadium was scheduled to be opened to the public on July 22, 2011, while its official opening was scheduled to take place on August 27. Due to ongoing construction the event was moved to January 2012 and only inaugural illumination of the facade of the stadium took place in August. The match against Germany national football team had been scheduled to be played at 6 September 2011 but it was relocated to Gdańsk, because the National Stadium was not yet ready.
Construction work has officially been completed on 29 November 2011. One day later, Rafał Kapler - The NCS President submitted to Site Manager an application required to get a certificate of occupancy. The official opening ceremony of the stadium took place on 29 January 2012. The event was celebrated by concerts of Polish celebrities: Voo Voo and Haydamaky, Zakopower, Coma, T. Love, Lady Pank and ended with evening fireworks show. On 10 February 2012 installation of heating and irrigation systems and pitch installation was completed.
Railways & Metro 
The stadium is located near the railway station Warszawa Stadion. The station has two side platforms flanking the suburban tracks of the Warsaw Cross-City Line used by the regional trains run by Koleje Mazowieckie and Szybka Kolej Miejska. The stadium can be reached by S1 and S2 lines. The trip from central Warsaw takes about 5 minutes, during the rush hours trains run every 4 minutes. Within an hour about 26000 people could reach stadium only by trains. In early 2012 the station has undergone thorough modernization.
Near the stadium the Stadion Narodowy metro station (C14) is being constructed. It is due to open in early 2014.
Buses & trams 
Around the stadium there are several tram and bus stops. The most convenient way to reach the stadium from the city center is to use the transport hub located on Rondo Waszyngtona.
Poland national football team matches 
|Nr||Competition||Date||Opponent||Attendance||Result||Scorers for Poland|
|1||Friendly||29 February 2012||Portugal||53,179||0:0||-|
|2||Euro 2012||8 June 2012||Greece||56,070||1:1||Robert Lewandowski|
|3||Euro 2012||12 June 2012||Russia||55,920||1:1||Jakub Błaszczykowski|
|4||Friendly||12 October 2012||South Africa||42,026||1:0||Marcin Komorowski|
|5||2014 FIFA World Cup qualification||17 October 2012||England||47,300||1:1||Kamil Glik|
|6||2014 FIFA World Cup qualification||22 March 2013||Ukraine||55,565||1:3||Łukasz Piszczek|
|7||2014 FIFA World Cup qualification||26 March 2013||San Marino||43,008||5:0||2 x Robert Lewandowski, Łukasz Piszczek, Łukasz Teodorczyk, Jakub Kosecki|
|8||2014 FIFA World Cup qualification||6 September 2013||Montenegro|
Euro 2012 matches 
The stadium was one of the venues for the UEFA Euro 2012 hosted jointly by Poland and Ukraine. Three A Group matches, quarter final and semi final were played there (with the other matches in that group played at Wrocław Stadium) The following matches was played at the stadium during the UEFA Euro 2012:
|Date||Time (CEST)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Scorers||Attendance|
|8 June 2012||18:00||Poland||1–1||Greece||Group A||Robert Lewandowski 17'
Dimitris Salpingidis 51'
|12 June 2012||20:45||Poland||1–1||Russia||Group A||Alan Dzagoev 37'
Jakub Błaszczykowski 57'
|16 June 2012||20:45||Greece||1–0||Russia||Group A||Giorgos Karagounis 45+2'||55,614|
|21 June 2012||20:45||Czech Republic||0–1||Portugal||Quarter-final||Cristiano Ronaldo 79'||55,590|
|28 June 2012||20:45||Germany||1–2||Italy||Semi-final||Mario Balotelli 20',36'
Mesut Özil 90'+2 (pen.)
American football 
On July 15, 2012, two weeks after the UEFA Euro 2012, the National Stadium hosted the VII SuperFinal PLFA (more commonly known as the Polish Bowl), the championship game of the Polish American Football League.
|Concerts at Warsaw National Stadium|
|1 August 2012||Madonna||MDNA Tour||38,699|
|19 September 2012||Coldplay||Mylo Xyloto Tour||40,492|
|25 May 2013||Beyoncé||The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour||-|
|22 June 2013||Paul McCartney||Out There! Tour||-|
|25 July 2013||Depeche Mode||The Delta Machine Tour||-|
|20 August 2013||Roger Waters||The Wall Live||-|
See also 
- National Stadium, UEFA 2012, Poland (in pl). uefa.com. 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-09. Unknown parameter
- Narodowe Centrum Sportu about the stadium
- "National Stadium Warsaw". UEFA. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "Euro 2012: Venue guide for European Championship finals". BBC. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "Poland mark Warsaw milestone with Portugal draw". UEFA.com. 29 February 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- "Minister ostrzega budowniczych Stadionu". dziennik.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Stadion Narodowy w Warszawie - opis". 2012.org.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Stadiony w Miastach Gospodarzach – nie tylko na EURO 2012". 2012.org.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Biało-czerwona elewacja wkrótce na Stadionie Narodowym". warszawa.gazeta.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Nederlandse bedrijven leveren grasmat voor EK Voetbal in Polen en Oekraïne". Financiele Dagblad. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- "Hendriks Graszoden". Stadionwelt-Business. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- "Nowa murawa już na Stadionie Narodowym". onet.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Narodowy: Krzesełka już są, a będzie więcej". stadiony.net (stadiony.net). Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Stadion Narodowy symbolem Warszawy. Koniec budowy". gazeta.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Stadion Narodowy: ministerstwo rekomenduje trzy projekty". urbanity.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Ruszyła budowa Stadionu Narodowego". zyciewarszawy.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Fundamenty Narodowego wzmocnią gazety i bilon". Robert Biskupski (zyciewarszawy.pl). Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Pierwszy element pierścienia dachu już na Stadionie". stadionnarodowy.org.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Trybuny na Narodowym gotowe!". stadionnarodowy.org.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Na Stadionie Narodowym zawisła wiecha". PAP (wnp.pl). Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Gwiazdy i orgia świateł na otwarcie Stadionu Narodowego". Michał Wojtczuk (gazeta.pl). Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Wykonawca spełnił warunki ostatecznego wezwania przekazanego przez NCS". stadionnarodowy.org.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- "Giganci zagrają w rozgrywkach europejskich i w lidze czeskiej". pzfa.pl. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: National Stadium in Warsaw|
- Stadion Narodowy Official Site (English) (Polish)
- National Stadium, Warsaw
- Live Webcam
- Photo gallery
- Alternative architectural rendering of the new stadium as a 60,000-seater, including surroundings (Polish) Media related to National Stadium, Warsaw at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to National Stadium, Warsaw at Wikimedia Commons