National Stadium (Thailand)
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (October 2012)|
|The National Stadium of Thailand|
|Former names||National Stadium|
|Location||Pathum Wan District, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Owner||Office of Sports and Recretion Development|
|Capacity||30,000 (seating 19,793)|
|Thailand national football team|
The National Stadium of Thailand (Thai: สนามกีฬาแห่งชาติ or กรีฑาสถานแห่งชาติ) is a sports complex located in Pathum Wan District, Bangkok. Founded in 1937 with the construction of Supachalasai Stadium (สนามศุภชลาศัย; RTGS: Supphachalasai), its main venue, the complex has since expanded and now consists of multiple stadia and sporting facilities.
It is used mostly for football matches. It served as the main stadium for the 1966, 1970, and 1978 Asian Games. It was also used for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup, but only for one game (Oman v Iraq in Group A). The stadium is easy for spectators to get to as it is served by the Bangkok Skytrain which stops at the 'National Stadium' station right next to the stadium.
The stadium is a single tier construction which is uncovered on three sides. A plain but effective roof covers the main-stand side. Although there is a running track, the tribunes are immediately adjacent to it so spectators are not as far from the action as they are at the newer Rajamangala Stadium. Spectator comfort was increased in 2007 with the addition of red bench seats to the previously bare concrete steps on the three open sides.
Thai league clubs often play at the Suphachalasai in Asian competitions as their own stadiums do not meet Asian Football Confederation criteria. However, it is now rarely used by the national team who usually play at the Rajamangala. Other stadiums in Bangkok include the Thai Army Sports Stadium, the Thai-Japanese Stadium and Chulalongkorn University Stadium.
The American famous singer Michael Jackson was the first international artist to performed in Thailand. In 1993 he performed two sold out concerts at the stadium, on 24 and 27 August, during his Dangerous World Tour, for a total estimated audience of 110,000 fans (approximately 55,000 people per show).
Suphachalasai Stadium is the majority part of the National Stadium. It is the multi-purpose stadium with track and field for athletic purposes, as well as a partial roof on one of its side. With its capacity of 19,793, the stadium is being used to hold important matches such as the FA Cup and Toyota Cup.
Thephasadin Stadium was constructed in 1965 for the use in 1966 Asian Games as the Hockey venue, hence its original name, Hockey Field. It was renamed in 1983 in memorial of Sanan Thephasadin na Ayutthaya, Father of Thai Foodball game and Nak Thephasadin na Ayutthaya. With its capacity of 6,378 seats, it was retired from being the hockey stadium, and is currently served as the home stadium of BEC Tero Sasana F.C..
Jindarat Stadium, constructed after the pacific war, was formerly used as the outdoor stadium for medium-level sporting events and practicing purposes. It was originally named Ton Pho Stadium, but was renamed in 1983 in memorial of Jindarat (Jamlong Sawat-chuto), former director of the Office of Sports and Recreation Development.
Wisutamol Pool was constructed in 1961 under the term of director Kong Wisutamol. It was the Olympic-size swimming pool with two sides of stands, used for the competition and general practices. Originally named the Olympic Pool, it was renamed in memorial of the director Wisutamol who organized the construction
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