Supercomputing in China
The origins of these centers go back to 1989, when the State Planning Commission, the State Science and Technology Commission and the World Bank jointly launched a project to develop networking and supercomputer facilities in China. In addition to network facilities, the project included three supercomputer centers. According to professor Jack Dongarra, the Chinese are making a deep commitment to supercomputing.
The progress of supercomputing in China in the early part of the 21st century has been dramatic, in that it placed 51st in June 2003, then 14th in November 2003 and 10th in June 2004 and then 5th during 2005. By mid-2010 it had reached the 2nd spot and at the end of 2010 the top spot.
To date, Chinese supercomputers have used "off the shelf" processors, e.g. Tianhe-1 uses thousands of Intel and Nvidia chips, and uses the Linux operating system which is open source software. However, to avoid possible future technology embargo restrictions, the Chinese are developing their own processors such as the Loongson, a MIPS type processor.
The National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin is one of the main centers. It houses the Tianhe-I supercomputer which in October 2010 became the top speed record holder in the world by consistently operating at 2.507 petaflops. The Tianjin Computer Institute had been active as far back as 1984 when it developed the 16-bit TQ-0671 microcomputer system. A commercial affiliate of the Tianjin center had previously made the PHPC100 personal supercomputer in 2008 which was about twice the size of a normal desktop computer, but had 40 times the speed. In 2010 a second generation model was released.
The National Supercomputing Center in Shenzhen houses the second fastest machine in China, and the third fastest in the world. In May 2010 the Nebulae computer in Shenzhen placed second on the Top 500 supercomputer list, after the Cray computer at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee.
- History of supercomputing
- Supercomputer architecture
- Supercomputing in Europe
- Supercomputing in India
- Supercomputing in Japan
- Supercomputing in Pakistan
- Vance, Ashlee (28 October 2010). "China Wrests Supercomputer Title From U.S.". New York Times.
- Xing Fan (2001). Communications and information in China. pp. 39–42, 90. ISBN 0-7618-1950-9.
- "TOP500 List - November 2012". TOP500. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- Graham, Susan L.; Snir, Marc; Patterson, Cynthia A. (2005). Getting up to speed: the future of supercomputing. p. 188. ISBN 0-309-09502-6.
- Mims, Christopher (21 October 2010). "Chinese Chip Closes In on Intel, AMD". MIT Technology Review.
- United States Committee on Science and Technology (July 1987). Technology transfer to China. p. 96. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/0-08-761982-3|0-08-761982-3 [[Category:Articles with invalid ISBNs]]]] Check
- "China to launch second generation of PHPC100 personal supercomputer in June". Financial Technology Spotlight. April 14, 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- Chinese website 中国科学院计算机网络信息中心超级计算中心
- The Guardian 28 October 2010
- Fildes, Jonathan (31 May 2010). "China aims to become computer superpower". BBC News.
- Top 500
- "Magic Cube supercomputer starts operation in Shanghai". Xinhua. 15 June 2009.
- [www.top500.org/site/50362 Top 500]
- Top 500
- Top 500
- Article 29 Nov. 2010 国家超级计算中心落户长沙