National Taiwan Normal University
|National Taiwan Normal University|
|Motto||Sincerity, Integrity, Diligence, and Simple (誠正勤樸)|
|Established||1946 and earlier|
|Academic staff||1,163 (693 full-time)|
|Students||11,055 in 2006|
|National Taiwan Normal University|
National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU; Chinese: 國立臺灣師範大學; pinyin: Guólì Táiwān Shīfàn Dàxué), or Shīdà 師大, is an institution of higher education and normal school operating on three campuses in Taipei, Taiwan. NTNU is widely recognized as one of Taiwan's elite institutions of higher education. The university enrolls approximately 11,000 students each year. The ratio of undergraduate to graduate students is 6:4. Approximately 1,500 students are international.
- 1 History
- 2 Today
- 3 International programs
- 4 Academic Departments
- 4.1 College of Education
- 4.2 College of Fine and Applied Arts
- 4.3 College of International Studies and Education for Overseas Chinese
- 4.4 College of Liberal Arts
- 4.5 College of Music
- 4.6 College of Management
- 4.7 College of Science
- 4.8 College of Social Science
- 4.9 College of Sports and Recreation
- 4.10 College of Technology
- 5 List of NTNU People
- 6 Mandarin Training Center Alumni
- 7 Nomenclature
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The National Taiwan Normal University opened its doors in the early 20th century during Japanese rule in Taiwan. Taiwan's Japanese governors established the school as Taiwan Provincial College. Soon after they gave it the name Taihoku College (Taihoku is "Taipei" in Japanese). The school's purpose was to nurture a native educated class qualified to assist the government in matters of administration. Many buildings on the university's main campus date from the Japanese colonial period, including the Administration Building, the Lecture Hall, Wenhui Hall and Puzi Hall. Japanese civil engineers incorporated features of the Neo-Classical, Gothic and Gothic Revival styles often encountered on European university campuses. A room in the Lecture Hall housed the traditional Japanese document that authorises and formalises campus construction. 
In 1946 China's Kuomintang government assumed control of Taiwan and redefined the school as Taiwan Provincial Teachers College. Some school publications still display 1946 as the institution's founding date in reference to this regime change. A number of Taiwan's leading authors, poets, artists, educators, musicians, and researchers have passed through the university's doors as students and faculty. Puru, a famous painter and cousin to the last emperor of China, was a professor in the art department from 1950 to 1963. In 1956 the Mandarin Training Center opened its doors as an extension of the college. The school acquired its present name, National Taiwan Normal University, in 1967. By now the school had established itself as a recognized center of learning in arts, literature and the humanities; its fundamental mission, though, remained the preparation of teachers.
As Taiwanese society made its shift from authoritarian rule to democracy in the 1990s, the university saw its role transformed by passage of the 1994 Teacher Preparation Law. The law gave more schools responsibility for teacher training and set NTNU on its present course as a truly comprehensive university. New departments were created, course offerings and majors were expanded, and new faculty were hired. The university became a hub of international activity, enabling Taiwanese students to travel abroad, attracting international students to Taipei, and building exchange programs with dozens of sister institutions around the world. 
NTNU occupies three campuses in downtown Taipei: the historic Daan campus (home of the Administration Building, Main Library, Music & Lecture Hall, Language Building, Athletic Center); the Gongguan campus (home of the College of Science); and the Linkou campus.  Academic programs at NTNU are administered by ten colleges:
- College of Education
- College of Fine and Applied Arts
- College of International Studies and Education for Overseas Chinese
- College of Liberal Arts
- College of Management
- College of Music
- College of Science
- College of Social Science
- College of Sports and Recreation
- College of Technology
(For more detail see Academic Departments, below.)
In 2006 the school published the following figures  for students enrolled and employees retained.
- Students enrolled 11,055
- Undergraduate students 6,942
- Graduate students 4,113
- International Students (including Culture Center) 1,499
- Full-time Faculty 693
- Part-time Faculty 470
- Staff 492
The university also runs the Affiliated Senior High School of National Taiwan Normal University, a daughter institution for secondary-school students in Taiwan.
Internationally NTNU is best known for its Mandarin Training Center (formerly known as the Center for Chinese Language and Cultural Studies), a program founded in 1956 for the study of Mandarin Chinese by foreign students. The Mandarin Training Center represents one of the world's oldest and most distinguished programs for language study, attracting more than a thousand students from over sixty countries to Taiwan each year and making the Shida area of Taipei one of the city's most cosmopolitan.  Courses in language, literature, calligraphy, art and martial arts are offered in a series of three-month terms throughout the year, enabling international students to undertake language studies during summer breaks and within single semesters. The center also sponsors travel, hosts speech contests, and stages workshops and performances for a variety of East Asian arts. A Mandarin Training Center Alumni Association (MTCAA) has been operating since 1998.
Other international highlights recently at NTNU include the International Chemistry Olympiad hosted by the university in 2005 and the merger of NTNU with the University Preparatory School for Overseas Chinese Students in 2006.
NTNU nurtures a robust system of partnerships to enable this level of international study. Among the institutions that enjoy sister relationships with NTNU are the Universidade de Sao Paulo in Brazil, La Universidad Nacional de Asuncion in Paraguay, Georgetown University, Johns Hopkins University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, Radford University, Rutgers University, San Diego State University, San Francisco State University, University of California - Los Angeles, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of Iowa and University of Pittsburgh in the US, the University of Alberta, University of British Columbia and Simon Fraser University in Canada, the University of Glasgow and University of London in the UK, the Denis Diderot University and University of Poitiers in France, University of Bonn and University of Heidelberg in Germany, the Vienna University of Music and Performing Arts in Austria, the RSM Erasmus University in the Netherlands, the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Poland, and the Babes-Bolyai University in Romania, to name a few. NTNU's connections in the Asia-Pacific region are particularly extensive, including dozens of academic institutions representing South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, and New Zealand.
The National Taiwan Normal University consists of seven colleges comprising a number of departments.
(* = graduate study only.)
College of Education
- Adult & Continuing Education
- Civic Education & Leadership
- Educational Psychology & Counseling
- Educational Policy & Administration*
- Rehabilitation Counseling*
- Health Promotion and Health Education
- Human Development & Family Education
- Information & Computer Education
- Library & Information Studies*
- Special Education
College of Fine and Applied Arts
- Fine Arts
- Visual Design
- Art History*
College of International Studies and Education for Overseas Chinese
- Graduate Institute of Teaching Chinese as a Second Language*
- Graduate Institute of Sinology Studies*
- Graduate Institute of European Cultures and Tourism*
- Department of East Asian Culture and Development
- Department of Applied Chinese Languages and Literature
- Department of Chinese Languages for International Students
College of Liberal Arts
- Taiwan Culture, Languages and Literature*
- Taiwan History*
- Teaching Chinese as a Second Language*
- Translation and Interpretation*
College of Music
- Performing Arts*
College of Management
- Graduate Institute of Management*
- Undergraduate Program of Business Administration
- Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Global Strategy*
College of Science
- Computer Science and Information Engineering
- Earth Sciences
- Electro-optical Science and Technology*
- Environmental Education*
- Life Science
- Science Education*
College of Social Science
- Mass Communication*
- Political Science*
- Social Work*
College of Sports and Recreation
- Athletic Science
- Exercise and Sports Sciences*
- Physical Education
- Sport and Leisure Management*
College of Technology
- Graphic Arts Communication
- Industrial Education
- Technology Application and Human Resource Development
- Institute of Applied Electronics Technology*
- Mechatronic Technology
- International Workforce Education and Development*
List of NTNU People
- Apo Hsu - Taiwanese-American conductor (also alumna)
- Fan-Long Ko - Taiwanese composer
- Liang Shih-chiu - the first Chinese scholar who has single-handedly translated the complete works of Shakespeare into Chinese.
- Man-houng Lin - economic historian and the first woman president of the Academia Historica.
- Li Meishu - Taiwanese artist who built the Zushi Temple.
- Wen-Pin Hope Lee - Taiwanese Golden Melody Award-winning composer.
- Ma Sen - Taiwanese writer.
- Mou Zongsan - Chinese New Confucian philosopher.
- Puru - artist, calligrapher, and member of the Qing Dynasty ruling Aisin Gioro family and grandson of the Daoguang Emperor.
- Su Xuelin - Chinese author and writer.
- Ang Ui-jin - Taiwanese linguist. He was the chief architect of the Taiwanese Language Phonetic Alphabet.
- Chi Shu-ju - Taekwondo practitioner and Olympic medalist.
- Chien Yu-chin - Chinese Taipei badminton player.
- Evan Yo - Taiwanese Mandopop singer.
- Huang Ming-hui - politician and mayor of Chiayi City.
- Hsieh Chang-heng - Baseball player in the CPBL.
- Liu Yong (writer) - Taiwanese painter and essayist.
- Peng Wan-ru - Taiwanese feminist.
- Selina Jen - member of the Taiwanese girl group S.H.E.
- Tien Lei - Basketball player.
- Tseng Shu-o - Professional Soccer player in Australia.
- Tyzen Hsiao - Taiwanese composer of the neo-Romantic school.
- Wang Tuoh - Secretary General of Taiwan's DPP.
- Wang Jin-pyng - President of Taiwan's Legislative Yuan
- Wong Chin-chu - Taiwanese politician
- Gaurav Baranwal - Taiwan Olympic medalist in archery.
Mandarin Training Center Alumni
The standard abbreviation for the National Taiwan Normal University in English is NTNU. In Mandarin Chinese it is Shi1da4. The word "Shida" in many Taipei place names (Shida Night Market, Shida Road, Shida Bookstore, etc.) indicates a location on or near the university campus.
MTC refers to the Mandarin Training Center.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Taiwan Normal University.|
- Official Site: National Taiwan Normal University official website (Chinese) (English)
- Exploring the World at NTNU (English)
- Mandarin Training Center, NTNU official website (Chinese) (English) (Japanese)
- Mandarin Training Center Alumni Association official website
- NTNU International Exchanges & Sister Schools official list (English)
- NTNU Preparatory School for Overseas Chinese Students official website (Chinese)
- NTNU High School official website (Chinese)