National Trust for Historic Preservation
The National Trust for Historic Preservation is an American member-supported organization that was founded in 1949 by congressional charter to support preservation of historic buildings and neighborhoods through a range of programs and activities, including the publication of Preservation magazine.
Its mission statement states:
- "The National Trust for Historic Preservation provides leadership, education and advocacy to save America's diverse historic places and revitalize our communities."
- 1 History
- 2 National Trust Historic Sites
- 3 National Trust Main Street Center
- 4 Historic Hotels of America
- 5 National Trust Community Investment Corporation
- 6 National Trust Preservation Conference
- 7 Partners in Preservation
- 8 Barn Again! program
- 9 "America's 11 Most Endangered Places"
- 10 National Treasures
- 11 Historic Tax Credits
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
In 1947, a meeting convened by David E. Finley, Jr. culminated in the creation of the National Council for Historic Sites and Buildings. This group was able to obtain the congressional charter for the National Trust for Historic Preservation, which President Harry S. Truman signed on October 26, 1949. Finley served as the National Trust's first chairman of the board, remaining in the position for 12 years.
National Trust Historic Sites
Twenty-nine sites are designated as National Trust Historic Sites. Most are owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and operated by other non-profit organizations (e.g., Farnsworth House); some are not owned by the Trust but are still operated by the Trust (e.g., President Lincoln's Cottage); some are owned and operated by the National Trust for Historic Preservation (e.g., Drayton Hall); and some are owned and operated by other non-profit organizations and hold a long-term cooperative agreement with the National Trust for Historic Preservation (e.g., Lower East Side Tenement Museum). These sites currently include:
- Acoma Sky City, Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico
- The African Meeting House and Abiel Smith School, Boston, Massachusetts
- The African Meeting House, Nantucket, Massachusetts
- Carpenter Theater, Richmond, Virginia
- Belle Grove Plantation, Middletown, Virginia
- Brucemore, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
- Chesterwood, Stockbridge, Massachusetts
- Cliveden, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Cooper-Molera Adobe, Monterey, California
- Decatur House, Washington, DC
- Drayton Hall, Charleston, South Carolina
- Farnsworth House, Plano, Illinois
- Filoli, Woodside, California
- Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, Oak Park, Illinois
- Gaylord Building, Lockport, Illinois
- Glass House, New Canaan, Connecticut
- Hotel de Paris, Georgetown, Colorado
- Kykuit, Tarrytown, New York
- Lincoln Cottage, Washington, DC
- Lower East Side Tenement Museum, New York, New York
- Lyndhurst, Tarrytown, New York
- James Madison's Montpelier, Orange, Virginia
- Oatlands Plantation, Leesburg, Virginia
- Pope-Leighey House, Alexandria, Virginia
- Frederick C. Robie House, Chicago, Illinois
- Shadows-on-the-Teche, New Iberia, Louisiana
- Touro Synagogue, Newport, Rhode Island
- Woodlawn Plantation, Alexandria, Virginia
- Woodrow Wilson House, Washington, D.C.
- Villa Finale, San Antonio, Texas
National Trust Main Street Center
The National Trust Main Street Center leads a coast-to-coast movement of 1,200 state, regional, and local programs, linked through a preservation-based strategy for rebuilding downtown areas. The Main Street Four-Point Approach is a community-driven, comprehensive strategy used to revitalize downtown and neighborhood business districts throughout the United States.
Historic Hotels of America
The National Trust has also compiled a list of hotels registered as "Historic Hotels of America"  because they are at least 50 years old and have faithfully maintained their historic character and ambiance.
National Trust Community Investment Corporation
National Trust Community Investment Corporation better known as "NTCIC", the for-profit subsidiary of the National Trust, makes equity investments in real estate projects that qualify for federal historic tax credits and when available, state historic and New Markets Tax Credits.
National Trust Preservation Conference
The National Preservation Conference is the largest gathering of its kind in the United States, annually attracting more than 2,000 attendees to participate in a weeklong series of field sessions, education workshops, and tours that showcase outstanding local examples of architecture, historic preservation and community revitalization. For over 65 years, the National Preservation Conference has attracted preservationists, community leaders, architects, educators and students from all over the country to examine leading-edge topics in the field of historic preservation.
Partners in Preservation
Partners in Preservation is a program in which American Express, in partnership with the National Trust for Historic Preservation, awards preservation grants to historic places across the country. Through this program, American Express and the National Trust for Historic Preservation seek to increase the public’s awareness of the importance of historic preservation in the United States and to preserve America’s historic and cultural places.
This six-year-old program has awarded nearly 100 preservation projects with $6.5 million in grant funding. Projects in San Francisco, Chicago, New Orleans, Boston, Seattle and Saint Paul/Minneapolis have all been a part of the Partners in Preservation program. In 2012, the program will be in New York City.
Barn Again! program
In 1987 the National Trust established the Barn Again! program to assist and encourage people to preserve historic barns. This program acts as a clearinghouse for information, training, and advocacy for the preservation and adaption of historic barns.
"America's 11 Most Endangered Places"
Each year since 1988, the National Trust for Historic Preservation has compiled a list of "America's 11 Most Endangered Places" in an effort to protect America's architectural, cultural, and natural heritage.
In June 2013, the National Trust announced its list of 11 most endangered places to be:
- Abyssinian Meeting House, Portland, Maine
- Astrodome, Houston, Texas
- Chinatown House, Rancho Cucamonga, California
- Gay Head Lighthouse, Aquinnah, Massachusetts
- Historic Rural Schoolhouses of Montana, Statewide. Montana
- James River, James City County, Virginia
- Kake Cannery, Kake, Alaska
- Mountain View Black Officers’ Club, Fort Huachuca, Arizona
- San Jose Church, Old San Juan, Puerto Rico
- Village of Mariemont, Cincinnati, Ohio
- Worldport Terminal at JFK Airport, Jamaica, New York
In June 2012, the National Trust announced its list of 11 most endangered places to be:
- Bridges of Yosemite Valley, Yosemite Village, California
- Ellis Island hospital complex, New York Harbor, New York and New Jersey
- Historic U.S. post office buildings, Nationwide
- Joe Frazier’s Gym, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Malcolm X — Ella Little-Collins House, Boston, Massachusetts
- Princeton Battlefield, Princeton, New Jersey
- Sweet Auburn Historic District, Atlanta, Georgia
- Terminal Island, Port of Los Angeles, California
- Texas courthouses, Texas
- Elkhorn Ranch, Billings County, North Dakota
- Village of Zoar, Ohio
In June 2011, the National Trust announced its list of 11 most endangered places to be:
- Bear Butte, Meade County, South Dakota
- Belmead-on-the-James, Powhatan County, Virginia
- China Alley, Hanford, California
- Fort Gaines, Dauphin Island, Alabama
- Greater Chaco Landscape, San Juan County and McKinley County, New Mexico, USA
- Isaac Manchester Farm, Avella, Pennsylvania
- John Coltrane Home, Dix Hills, New York
- National Soldiers Home, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- Pillsbury A-Mill, Minneapolis, Minnesota
- Prentice Women’s Hospital, Chicago, Illinois
- Sites Imperiled by State Actions, Nationwide
In April 2010, the trust announced its list of 11 most endangered places to be:
- America's State Parks & State-Owned Historic Sites
- Black Mountain, Kentucky
- Hinchliffe Stadium, Paterson, New Jersey
- Industrial Arts Building, Lincoln, Nebraska
- Juana Briones House, Palo Alto, California
- Merritt Parkway, Fairfield County, Connecticut
- Metropolitan AME Church, Washington, D.C.
- Pågat, Guam
- Saugatuck Dunes, Laketown Township, Allegan County, Michigan
- Threefoot Building, Meridian, Mississippi
- Wilderness Battlefield, Spotsylvania County and Orange County, Virginia
Previous endangered places
In recent, previous years, this list has included:
- Strand Historic District, Galveston, Texas
- Century Plaza Hotel, Los Angeles, California
- Ames Shovel Shops Easton, Massachusetts
- Dorchester Academy, Midway, Georgia
- The Manhattan Project's Enola Gay Hangar, Wendover Airfield, Utah
- Human Services Center, Yankton, South Dakota
- Lanai City, Hawaii, a plantation town
- Memorial Bridge, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, to Kittery, Maine
- Miami Marine Stadium, Virginia Key, Florida
- Mount Taylor (New Mexico), Grants, New Mexico
- Burholme Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Antietam National Battlefield, Sharpsburg, Maryland
- 2 Columbus Circle, New York, New York
- Belleview Biltmore Hotel, Belleair, Florida
- Camp Security, York County, Pennsylvania
- Daniel Webster Farm, Franklin, New Hampshire
- El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro Historic Trail, New Mexico
- Eleutherian College, Madison, Indiana
- Ennis-Brown House, Los Angeles, California
- Finca Vigía: Ernest Hemingway House, San Francisco de Paula, Cuba
- Hangar One, Moffett Field, California
- Historic Buildings of downtown Detroit, Michigan
- Historic Catholic Churches of Greater Boston, Massachusetts
- Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- King Island, Alaska
- National Landscape Conservation System (NLCS), Western States
- Nine Mile Canyon, Utah
- President Lincoln and Soldiers' Home National Monument, Washington DC
- "The Journey Through Hallowed Ground" Corridor, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania
- The Doo Wop Motels of Wildwood, New Jersey
- Brooklyn's Industrial Waterfront
- State of Vermont
- Motels of U.S. Route 66
- Henry Hobson Richardson House, Brookline, Massachusetts
- Hialeah Park Race Track, Hialeah, Florida
- Minidoka Internment Camp, Hunt, Idaho
- Pinon Canyon, Colorado
- Philip Simmons Workshop and Home, Charleston, South Carolina
- The Statler Hilton Hotel, Dallas, Texas
- Stewarts Point Rancheria, Sonoma County, California
- Sumner Elementary School, Topeka, Kansas
- Trans World Flight Center, New York, New York
- Frank Lloyd Wright's Taliesin, Spring Green, Wisconsin
- Valley Forge National Historical Park, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
- West Baden Springs Hotel, Indiana
National Treasures are irreplaceable, critically threatened places across the country where the National Trust for Historic Preservation is making a deep organizational investment. Guided by more than 60 years of experience, the National Trust is taking direct action to protect these places and promote their history and significance, engaging local preservationists to help us advance the cause of preservation nationally.
About its partnership with each National Treasure:
For each National Treasure, the National Trust for Historic Preservation creates coordinated campaigns that tap expert resources across the organization, including preservation, advocacy, legal, marketing and fund-raising. When the National Treasures has met the Trust’s protection goals, the site will rotate out of the active campaign collection to free up resources for a new endangered place.
The National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Save America’s Treasures office is now closed. Congress did not fund the Save America’s Treasures program in 2011 and has no plans to fund it in the future.
Historic Tax Credits
The National Trust for Historic Preservation’s policy work encourages the adoption of laws and policies that support preservation; currently through the promotion of the Creating American Prosperity through Preservation (CAPP) Act which will enhance the federal historic tax credit.
- Young, Dwight (November/December 2006). "Finley Was There: Recalling an arts leader". Preservaton. p. 64
- Historic Hotels of America - National Trust for Historic Preservation. Preservationnation.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- "American Express, National Trust for Historic Preservation to Award $3 Million in Grants to Historic Places in New York.". Wall Street Journal MarketWatch. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- Save America’s Treasures website
- National Trust for Historic Preservation
- National Trust for Historic Preservation Historic Hotels of America
- National Trust Community Investment Corporation
- Preservation Magazine Online Archive Search the magazine's back issues (2006-1992)
- Preservation News, Vol. 1 (1961) - Vol. 35 no. 1 (Feb/March 1995). Monthly publication of the Preservation Press of the National Trust for Historic Preservation of the United States.
- C-SPAN Q&A interview with Richard Moe, February 19, 2006