National Tsing Hua University
|National Tsing Hua University|
|Motto||自強不息 厚德載物 (Chinese)|
|Motto in English||Self-Discipline and Social Commitment|
|President||Lih J. Chen (陳力俊)|
|Location||Hsinchu City, Taiwan|
|Campus||Urban, 1.06 square kilometres (260 acres)|
|Affiliations||AEARU, University System of Taiwan|
National Tsing Hua University (traditional Chinese: 國立清華大學; simplified Chinese: 国立清华大学; Tongyong Pinyin: Guólì Cinghuá Dàsyué; Hanyu Pinyin: Guólì Qīnghuá Dàxué; Wade–Giles: Kuo-li Ch'ing-hua Ta-hsuëh; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chheng-hôa Tāi-ha̍k; abbreviated as NTHU) is one of the most prestigious universities in Taiwan. There are now 7 colleges, 17 departments and 22 independent graduate institutes in the university.
After the Chinese Civil War, some academics and staff from the mainland's Tsinghua University created the National Tsing Hua Institute of Nuclear Technology in 1955 in Hsinchu, Taiwan, which later became National Tsing Hua University.
The two Tsinghua Universities are not affiliated with each other, but both claim to be successors of the original Tsinghua University. As a result of this dispute, both universities claimed to be the rightful recipient of the funds from the Boxer Rebellion indemnity that was used to start Tsinghua University. This indemnity was transferred to the university in Taiwan after the Nationalist government (KMT) retreated to Taiwan.
Since American Secretary of State John Hay suggested that the US$ 30 million plus Boxer Rebellion indemnity money paid to the United States was excessive, in 1909, President Roosevelt then obtained congress approval to reduce the Qing Dynasty indemnity payment by $10.8 million USD, on the condition that the said fund was to be used as scholarship for Chinese students to study in the United States. Using this fund, the Tsinghua College (清華學堂 Qīnghuá Xuétáng) was established in Beijing, China, on 22 April 1911 on the site of a former royal garden belonging to a prince. It was first a preparatory school for students later sent by the government to study in the United States. The faculty members for sciences were recruited by the YMCA from the United States and its graduates transferred directly to American schools as juniors upon graduation. In 1925, the school established its College Department and started its research institute on Chinese Study.
In 1928, the authority officially changed its name to National Tsing Hua University (NTHU). During the Second World War in 1937, Tsinghua University along with Peking University and Nankai University, merged to form Changsha Temporary University in Changsha, and later National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming of Yunnan province. After the war, Tsinghua moved back to Beijing and resumed its operation.
During the Sino-Japanese War, the library lost 200,000 of a total of 350,000 volumes.
In 1956, National Tsing Hua University (NTHU) was reinstalled on its current campus in Hsinchu, Taiwan.Since its reinstallation, NTHU has developed from an institute focusing on Nuclear Science and Technology to that of a comprehensive research university offering degrees programs ranging from baccalaureate to doctorate in science, technology, engineering, humanities and social sciences, as well as management. NTHU has been consistently ranked as one of the premier universities in Taiwan and is widely recognized as the best incubator for future leaders in industries as well as academics. Such stellar records are particularly exemplified by the outstanding achievements of alumni, including two Nobel laureates in physics Dr. Chen-Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao Lee, one Nobel laureate in chemistry Dr. Yuan-Tseh Lee and one Wolf Prize winner in mathematics Dr. Shiing-Shen Chern.
In recent decades, the National Tsing Hua University in Taiwan has had increasingly close ties with the Tsinghua University on the mainland, and of all universities on Taiwan, the NTHU has arguably one of the strongest cooperations with universities in mainland China in terms of academic research, projects, and with the creation of programs such as the "Center for Contemporary China."
Meichu Tournament, held in March annually, is a sport competition between National Tsing Hua University and National Chiao Tung University. Since its establishment in 1969, Meichu Games has become a tradition, and is considered as one of the most important activities between these two prestigious universities in Taiwan.
We could trace the history of the Meichu Games to the 1960s. After the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, National Tsing Hua University and National Chiao Tung University were both relocated in Hsin Chu, Taiwan and became neighbors. The geographic and academic closeness prompted many intellectual and social exchanges between two universities.
In 1966, an informal tournament was held. The arrangement of the formal event, however, was not institutionalized until 1968, when Mr. Chian Feng, an executive officer of NTHU student activity center, received the permission from the university authority to plan sport events for NTHU and NCTU students modeling after the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race.
While both side agreed on the plan to hold such an annual event, there was a disagreement on the naming of the Game. At last, Prof. Zhang Zhi-Yi solved this problem by proposing the conventional coin tossing. “If the head-side is up, the game would be called Mei-Chu; otherwise, the game would be called Chu-Mei.” As the head-side of the coin went up, the tournament was thereby named Meichu to commemorate the two founding presidents of NTHU and NCTU, Dr. Mei Yi-Chi, and Dr. Ling Chu-Ming.
Campus Life 
Student Clubs 
There are more than one hundred student clubs serving diverse interests. Club activities range from community services, music and sports, cinema and theater, dancing and martial arts, religion and philosophy as well as various scientific and academic interests. While their interests vary, these clubs are all organized and run by and for students.
There are eighteen dormitories on campus accommodating about 5000 students.Freshman,sophomore and most of the graduate students are allowed to lodge at dorms without drawing lots. The majority of NTHU faculty members are also living on campus.
Scholarships,Fellowships,and Financial Aid 
Scholarships and fellowships are awarded on a meritorious basis. Annually more than six hundred undergraduates and one hundred graduate students receive such supports. In addition, around four thousand graduate students are supported with teaching or research assistantships from various academic units. For students with financial difficulties, the University provides student-loans and emergency funds.
Health Care and Counseling Services 
A University Clinic, affiliated with Hsinchu Mackay Memorial Hospital, is conveniently located on campus where first aids and general medical services are provided by a team of physicians and health care specialists at a very reasonable cost.
The NTHU offers various counseling service to students, faculty and staff members at the University Counseling Center. The clinic and the center not only provide services when needed, but also organize and present educational programs for all students.
NTHU consists of 7 colleges, 17 departments and 19 independent institutes, with 600 full-time faculty professors, offering diverse disciplines and courses.
- College of Science
- Department of Physics
- Department of Mathematics
- Department of Chemistry
- Institute of Statistics
- Institute of Astronomy
- College of Engineering
- Department of Chemical Engineering
- Department of Materials Science and Engineering
- Department of Power Mechanical Engineering
- Department of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management
- Institute of NanoEngineering and MicroSystems
- College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
- Department of Electrical Engineering
- Department of Computer science
- Institute of Electronics Engineering
- Institute of Communications Engineering
- Institute of Photonics Technologies
- Institute of Information Systems and Applications
- College of Life Sciences
- Department of Life Science
- Institute of Biotechnology
- Institute of Molecular Medicine
- Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology
- Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology
- College of Humanities and Social Sciences
- Department of Chinese Language and Literature
- Department of Foreign Languages and Literature
- Department of Humanities and Social Sciences
- Institute of Anthropology
- Institute of History
- Institute of Philosophy
- Institute of Sociology
- Institute of Linguistics
- Institute of Taiwan Literature
- College of Nuclear Science
- Department of Engineering and System Science
- Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences
- Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Science
- College of Technology Management
- Department of Economics
- Department of Quantitative Finance
- Institute of Techonoly Management
- Institute of Law for Science and Technology
- Institute of Service Science
- Commission of General Education
- Center for General Education
- Center for Teacher Education
- Arts Center
- Military Instructors' Office
- Physical Education Office
- Research Centers
- Research & Development Office
- Computer & Communication Research Center
- National Center for Theoretical Sciences
- IC Design Tech. Center
- Center for Science Technology and Society
- Center for Nanotechology, Materials Science, and Microsystems
- Center for Photonics Research
- NTHU/ITRI Joint Research Center
- Center for Contemporary China
- Center for Energy and Environmental Research
- Brain Research Center
- Laboratory Animal Room
- Instrument Center
- Nuclear Science and Technology Development Center
- Electronic Business Center
- Quality Research Center
- Advanced Packaging Research Center
- Bioinformatics Center
- Yi-Chi Mei (梅貽琦): 1956 - 1962
- Ke-Chung Chen (陳可忠): 1962 - 1969
- Cheng-Hsing Yen (閻振興): 1969 - 1970
- Shu Shien-Siu (徐賢修): 1970 - 1975
- Ming-Che Chang (張明哲): 1975 - 1981
- Mao Gao-wen (毛高文): 1981 - 1987
- Chao-Shiuan Liu (劉兆玄): 1987 - 1993
- Richard Chia-Tung Lee (李家同): 1993 - 1994
- Shen Chun-shan (沈君山): 1994 - 1997
- Chen Xinxiong (陳信雄): 1997 - 1998
- Chung Laung Liu (劉炯朗): February 1998 - February 2002
- Frank Hsia-San Shu (徐遐生): February 2002 - February 2006
- Wen-Tsuen Chen (陳文村): February 2006 - February 2010
- Lih-Juann Chen (陳力俊): February 2010 – present
Notable alumni 
Humanities & Social Science 
- Liang Qichao: well-known scholars, thinkers, statesmen, known as "the proud profession of speech"
- Wang Guowei: Guoxue Masters, known as "the founder of modern Chinese academic," "New History of Kaishanzushi"
- Chen Yinke: linguists, historians
- Zhao Yuanren: Linguist
- Zhu Ziqing: prose writer
- Hu: The former president of Academia Sinica, the Republic of China
- Xia Nai: archaeologist
- Feng Youlan: philosophy and history of Chinese philosophy
- Yu-hua: former Finance Minister, Central Bank president, the premier and other staff, for outstanding contributions to the development of the Republic of China Financial
- Huang Yi-Nung: Professor Emeritus, University of Hong Kong, Taiwan Dean of the Faculty of Humanities and Social National Tsing Hua University, Academician of Academia Sinica
- Tan Lay Moi: A renowned Chinese Language Teacher, currently teaching in St. Joseph's Institution, Singapore
- Ta-You Wu: physicists, the former president of Academia Sinica, the Republic of China (Taiwan)
- Hua Luogeng: mathematician and educator
- Yu-Fen Zhao: CAS academician, Tsinghua University, Beijing, Xiamen University, a professor of chemistry
- Shiing-Shen Chern: mathematician, Academician of Academia Sinica
- Chen Ning Yang: winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics, Academia Sinica academicians
- Tsung-Dao Lee: winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics, Academia Sinica academicians
- Bian of Huang: Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor of retirement, Academician of Academia Sinica
- Chen Shouxin: Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor, academician of Academia Sinica
- Yue Wu Law: Northeastern University Matthews, Chair Professor, National Tsinghua University fourth Outstanding Alumni
- Yuan Tseh Lee: Nobel Chemistry Prize winner, Academician of Academia Sinica, the former president of Academia Sinica, the Republic of China
- H. T. Kung: Harvard University Professor, Academician of Academia Sinica
- Typhoon Lee: Academia Sinica, director of the Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica academicians
- Mu-ming Poo: University of California, Berkeley professor, academician of Academia Sinica
- Alexander Wu Chao: the Stanford University professor, academician of Academia Sinica
- Zhu Shi-Yi: Honorary Chair Professor of the University of Kansas, Academician of Academia Sinica
- Liu Guoping: Former U.S. Argand National Laboratory scientist, Academician of Academia Sinica
- Way Kuo: the former Bell Labs expert, Academician of Academia Sinica, President of City University of Hong Kong
- Zhao Lian-ju: Republic of China National Chair Professor, Chair Professor National Tsinghua University, National Tsing Hua University, a professor of mathematics, statistics by the director of the International Statistical Institute will disabilities, Institute of Mathematical Statistics will disabilities.
- Liu Ruixiong: Department of Chemistry, National Tsinghua University Professor, Chair Professor of the Republic of China
- Ruey Shiong Tsay: H.G.B. Alexander Professor of Statistics and Econometrics, Booth School of Business, University of Chicago, Academician of Academia Sinica
- Chen Goong: Texas A&M University professor of mathematics, National Taiwan University distinguished chair professor.
Nuclear Science 
- Xian-Su chapter: the Executive Yuan, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission
- Chen Guiming: Taiwan Power Company's chairman, the sixth National Tsinghua University Outstanding Alumni
- Ouyang Min Sheng: The former chairman of the Executive Yuan's Atomic Energy Commission
- Li Yi: Chengde Oil Corp. chairman, National Tsinghua University fifth Outstanding Alumni
- Zhong-Ming Liu: ITRI, director of the Institute of Material Science & Chemistry, the Eighth National Tsinghua University Outstanding Alumni
- Tran Hong Van: science and technology, chairman of the body
- Xu Mingde: Republic of China, chairman of the National Tsinghua University Alumni Association, the consortium corporate self-industrial Science Foundation chairman and executive chairman of the board and management of the apartment building-maintenance Corp. chairman, the first session of the National Tsinghua University distinguished alumni.
- Chenghai Dong: University of Illinois at Champagne, a professor of materials, the City University of Hong Kong Professor of Materials Science, University of the East China Sea.
- Suzong Tseng: ITRI director of the Center for Nano.
Electrical Engineering & Computer Science 
- Wen-Tsuen Chen: President of National Tsing Hua University, Dean of the College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Distinguished Chair Professor in the Department of Computer Science, National Chair of the Republic of China, IEEE Fellow, IEEE Technical Achievement Award & Taylor L. Booth Education Award winner
- Bor-Hung Sheu: National Taiwan University Professor Dian Jiji, the former head of the first President of Institute of Electrical information
- Zhang Cheng-Chaun: National Chung Cheng University Professor, a professor of public funding, the former Dean of Engineering, IEEE Fellow, IEE Fellow
- Ma Ying: Microsoft Research Asia Internet search and excavation, Senior Fellow
- Lien-fang Kim: IBM the first Chinese head of global business, TSMC senior vice president of
- Wu Qian: Applied Materials global group vice president, general manager of Applied Materials Taiwan, TSMC vice president of global customer service, the first session of the National Tsinghua University Outstanding Alumni
- Xiong Fujia: vice president of Macronix
- Liu Long Long: Cheung, general manager of Granville
- Huang Yan: the photoelectric-chia, chairman of the National Tsinghua University Alumni outstanding second session
- Yong-Qing Zhang: Compal Computer Industry Co., Ltd., executive vice president and chief operating officer in China, the first computer products group general manager and general manager of EC-Optics Inc., the eighth National Tsinghua University Outstanding Alumni
- Chen Jianbang: Germany Inc. general manager, deputy general manager of TSMC, the second session of the National Tsinghua University Outstanding Alumni
- Li Bingjie: wafer photoelectric company's chairman and general manager of the Fifth National Tsinghua University Outstanding Alumni
- Huangzhou-kit: Sunplus Technology's chairman, the first session of the National Tsinghua University Outstanding Alumni
- Lu Kunrui: Accton Corporation Senior Vice President
- Zhang Yong: Yang Rui, general manager of information
- Chen Zhentian: days, general manager of Han Keji
- Chen Jiyuan-chi: general manager of Precision
- Huang Ruirong-Yu: general manager of Symbol Technologies
- LIU Jun-Ling: chairman of science and technology
- Chen Lai-Ju: AUO president and chief operating officer
- Tse Wen Chang: a well-known U.S. biotech company Tanox co-founder, Anti-IgE antibody drug Xolair (omalizumab) inventor, the United States allergic asthma and immunology Association (American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology, AAAAI) Medical Prize winner, as the first of the world-class Chinese medicine winning.
- Nancy Tang Chang: a well-known U.S.biotech company Tanox founder, chairman, president
- Geng Liang Yi: Johns Hopkins University professor, deputy director of the National Health Research Institute, Academia Sinica academicians
- Lai Shuqing: U.S. stabilization Levin Co., Ltd. (Wyntek Corporation) president and chief executive.
In 2012, ranking of world universities by Times Higher Education put National Tsing Hua University 226-250 overall in the world. 2010 also saw QS World University Rankings put National Tsing Hua University 196th overall. The individual subject rankings from QS rankings were: 238th in Arts & Humanities, 67th in Engineering & IT, 197th in Life Sciences & Biomedicine, 171st in Natural Sciences, and 256th in Social Sciences. According to the Nature Publishing Index Asia-Pacific (2012, corrected count), NTHU ranks as 3rd institution (2nd university) in Taiwan.
See also 
- Academia Sinica
- Hsinchu Science Park
- National Experimental High School: A "Kindergarten through High School", established to provide special education opportunity to staff and faculty of NTHU and other Greater Science Park Area personnel.
- National Taiwan University
- Tsinghua University (Beijing)
- Su-Yan Pan (2009). University autonomy, the state, and social change in China. Hong Kong University Press. p. 68. ISBN 978-962-209-936-4.
- LOST MEMORY - LIBRARIES AND ARCHIVES DESTROYED IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (Archived at WebCite)
- Official website for National Tsing Hua University's "Center for Contemporary China"
- "Times Higher Education World University Rankings".
- "QS World University Rankings 2010 Results".
- Nature Publishing Index Asia-Pacific - Taiwan - 2012 (viewed on 14/05/2012)