National Union (Portugal)
|President||António de Oliveira Salazar (1930-1968)
Marcelo Caetano (1968-1974)
|Founder||António de Oliveira Salazar|
|Founded||30 July 1930|
|Youth wing||Mocidade Portuguesa|
|Paramilitary wing||Legião Portuguesa|
Lusitanian Integralism (faction)
|Colours||Blue and white|
|Politics of Portugal
The National Union (Portuguese: União Nacional; Portuguese pronunciation: [uniˈɐ̃w̃ nɐsiuˈnaɫ]) was the only legal political party in Portugal for most of the period of the Estado Novo. Ideologically, the National Union was an authoritarian, clerico-fascist party dominated by António de Oliveira Salazar.
The organization was founded in 1930 during the National Dictatorship period of 1928-33. Officially it was not a political party, but an "organisation of unity of all the Portuguese". For the next 43 years, it effectively held a monopoly of power in the Estado Novo. The opposition Movement of Democratic Unity was legal in 1945-48, but even then the political system was so heavily rigged that it had no realistic chance of winning.
The party won all seats in elections to the Portuguese National Assembly from 1934 to 1973. Opposition candidates were nominally allowed after 1945, but prematurely withdrew in the 1945 and 1973 elections. In 1970 – two years after Salazar had been replaced as leader and prime minister by Marcello Caetano – the name of the party was altered to Acção Nacional Popular (People's National Action), and subsequent to Salazar's retirement faced formal competition in the 1969 election, nevertheless winning all constituencies in a landslide.
The party had no real philosophy apart from support for the regime. As a result, it melted away after the Portuguese Revolution of 1974.
- Mocidade Portuguesa, the Estado Novo's youth organization
- Portuguese Legion, the Estado Novo's paramilitary organization
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