National Union for the Progress of Romania

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National Union for the Progress of Romania
President Gabriel Oprea
Senate leader Ilie Sârbu (part of PSD group)
Chamber leader Marian Neacșu (part of PSD group)
Founded March 2010
Split from Social Democratic Party[1]
Headquarters Bucharest
Youth wing UNPR's Young
Membership  (2012) 49,051
Ideology Social democracy,[2]
Progressivism,
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre-left[3]
National affiliation Social Liberal Union
Colours Red
Senate
5 / 176
Chamber of Deputies
12 / 412
European Parliament
2 / 32
County Council Presidents
1 / 41
County Councilors
13 / 1,393
Mayors
25 / 3,186
Local Councilors
1,005 / 40,311
Website
www.unpr.eu
Politics of Romania
Political parties
Elections

The National Union for the Progress of Romania (Romanian: Uniunea Națională pentru Progresul României, UNPR) is a political party of Romania. The party was formed in March 2010 by a group of independents who had broken away from the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and National Liberal Party (PNL) and support President Traian Băsescu. However, tension began soon after the party's formation between former PSD and PNL members over the distribution of leadership positions and the political direction of the new party, with former Social Democrats dominating. It held its first party congress to elect its leaders on 1 May 2010.[1]

History[edit]

In 2009, some parliamentarians from PSD, PNL and other organizations left their political parties, because the support for president Traian Băsescu. They formed the parliamentary group of independents, led by senator Gabriel Oprea, who was named Minister of Administration and Interior.

In 2010, the majority of group formed UNPR. On 1 May 2010, the new party elected his leaders, by congress. Allied with the PDL and UDMR, UNPR participated in government until 2012. At the first party congress, held in May 2010, Marian Sârbu was elected president. In 2011, the National Initiative Party (PIN) merged into the union. PIN's president, Lavinia Șandru, became UNPR's vice-president, but later resigned from the party citing its lack of support for her ecologist policies.

In 2012, the government led by Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu was dismissed by motion of censure and UNPR pass in opposition. On 28 May 2012, Sârbu stepped down as party leader. Following his resignation, Gabriel Oprea was elected president of UNPR. In the local election in 2012 UNPR ranked 5 on its list are elected 25 mayors, 13 county councilors, 1.005 town councilors and 1 county council president. After elections, UNPR formed with PSD, the Center-Left Alliance (ACS) being included in the Social Liberal Union.

Cristian Diaconescu, a founding member of UNPR, honorary president and former Minister of External Affairs, resigned from the union after the party changed sides and entered the Social Liberal Union. He is now an independent with close ties to the right-wing conservative president of Romania, Traian Băsescu, who appointed him as leader of the Presidential Chancellary in March 2012.

In the Romanian Parliamentary elections of December 2012, UNPR won in alliance with PSD, PNL an PC 10 seats in the House of Deputies and 5 seats in the Senate. Because the party lacks the necessary number of seats to form a distinct parliamentary group (12 deputies, 7 senators), their parliamentarians joined the group of the Social Democratic Party (PSD). They voted in favor of the government led by Prime Minister Victor Ponta. Therefore, Oprea became deputy prime-minister since 2013.

Doctrine[edit]

UNPR's doctrine is social-democratic with shades of progressivism. The union is against right wing policies, conservative and neo-conservative. UNPR is a political force attached on national values. The union's self reported doctrine is "progressive left-wing" with social-democratic orientation. UNPR believes in a new political and economic order, based on consolidation of the market economy, in an "active state" that "protect his citizens and human rights". The union considers itself a progressive party. UNPR strongly supports the large wealth tax and fair taxes. In UNPR's program also is the decentralization of Romania. The union supports public order.

Structure[edit]

The president acts as the union's governing body; he represents the party in political conversations, in parliament and he has large powers in the union. He is helped by the standing bureau of the union.

Leadership[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New Romanian party elects leaders", SETimes, 2 May 2010, retrieved 6 November 2012 
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram, "Romania", Parties and Elections in Europe, retrieved 6 November 2012 
  3. ^ Dąborowski, Tomasz (23 May 2012), "A majority electoral system is introduced in Romania", CeWeekly (OSW Centre for Eastern Studies), retrieved 6 November 2012