National Unity Party (Burma)

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National Unity Party
President Tun Yi
Preceded by Burma Socialist Programme Party
Headquarters Bahan Township, Yangon
Ideology Socialism
Pro-Military Junta
Political position Left-wing
Seats in the Amyotha Hluttaw
5 / 224
Seats in the Pyithu Hluttaw
12 / 440
Politics of Myanmar
Political parties
Elections

The National Unity Party (Burmese: တိုင်းရင်းသားစည်းလုံးညီညွတ်ရေးပါတီ [táɪɴjɪ́ɴðá sílóʊɴ ɲìɲʊʔ jé pàtì]) is a political party in Burma (Myanmar). It was formed by the military junta as well as members of the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) to take part in the general election of May 27, 1990. The party was defeated by the National League for Democracy. NUP's headquarters are in Bahan Township, Yangon. Its chairman is Tun Yi, a former deputy commander of the armed forces, and its general secretary is U Than Tin.[1]

After the elections were nullified by the junta, the NUP played little role in Burmese politics though it remains a pro-junta party with several leaders in the regime, albeit marginalised. It mostly represents old guard Ne Win loyalists, former BSPP members, and big business interests.[2] It contested the 2010 elections as the main challenger of the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), the de facto pro-regime party, since NUP had nominated 999 parliamentary candidates nationwide (contesting at both regional and national levels), second only to the 1,100 candidates nominated by the USDP.[3] It has joined with opposition parties in accusations of vote rigging after suffering a massive defeat in the elections at the hands of the USDP.[4]

It entered 316 seats of Pyithu Hluttaw, 512 seats of Amyotha Hluttaw and 528 seats of State and Region Hluttaws. 12 candidates for Pyithu Hluttaw, 5 candidates for Amyotha Hluttaw and 46 candidates for State and Region Hluttaws were selected. Only 63 out of 996 contestants were able to secure majority votes in 2010 General Election.[5][6]

Election results[edit]

House of Nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw)[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
2010
5 / 224
4,302,082 Increase; Opposition Tun Yi
(after) 2012
5 / 224
Steady; Opposition Tun Yi

House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw)[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1990
10 / 492
2,805,5 21.2% Increase10 seats; not recognized U Tha Gyaw
2010
12 / 440
4,060,802 19.44% Increase2; Opposition Tun Yi
(after) 2012
12 / 440
Decrease37 seats; Opposition Tun Yi

By-election[edit]

Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election
2012 37 (Pyithu) / 5 (Amyotha) 18 (Pyithu) / 4 (Amyotha) 0 (Pyithu) / 0 (Amyotha) 37 (Pyithu) / 4 (Amyotha) no seat gain or lost
2014 13 (Pyithu) / 6 (Amyotha)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Unity Party". Election 2010 (Mizzima). Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  2. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20110430105425/http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/international/news/20101110p2g00m0in092000c.html. Retrieved 2 April 2012.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Macan-Markar, Marwaan (31 October 2010). "Military rule haunts Burma election". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "NUP Concedes Defeat". Burma Election 2010 (The Irrawaddy). 10 November 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Constituencies". 2010 Election Watch (Alternative Asean Network on Burma). 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "All legislatures". 2010 Election Watch (Alternative Asean Network on Burma). 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2012.