National University of Defense Technology
|National University of Defense Technology|
|President||Yang Xuejun (2012-)|
|Academic staff||2,000 faculty members|
|Location||Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of China|
|Former names||Changsha Institute of Technology
Harbin Military Academy of Engineering
National University of Defense Technology (NUDT; simplified Chinese: 国防科学技术大学; traditional Chinese: 國防科學技術大學; pinyin: Guófáng Kēxuéjìshù Dàxué) is a comprehensive national key university based in Changsha, Hunan Province, China.
It is under the dual supervision of the Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Education, designated for Project 211 and Project 985, the two national plans for facilitating the development of Chinese higher education.
NUDT was originally founded in 1953 as the Harbin Military Academy of Engineering in Harbin of Heilongjiang Province. The University was renamed Harbin Academy of Engineering in 1966 and transitioned to the Chinese Department of Education and the Department of National Defense Science and Technology. In 1970 the University administration and 4 departments moved southwards to Changsha due to the possible war with the Soviet Union and was renamed Changsha Institute of Technology. Other 4-5 departments were taken by local and other national universities. The Institute changed its name to National University of Defense Technology in 1978.
- Yinhe-I (YH-I)
Yinhe-1 was developed in 1983 as the leading supercomputer in China with a performance level of 100 MFLOPS.
- Yinhe-II (YH-II)
Yinhe-II was built in 1992 achieving performance of 1 GFLOPS.
Tianhe-I was first revealed to the public on 29 October 2009, and was immediately ranked as the world's fifth fastest supercomputer in the TOP500 list released at the 2009 Supercomputing Conference (SC09) held in Portland, Oregon, on 16 November 2009.
In October 2010, Tianhe-IA, an upgraded supercomputer achieving a performance level of 2.57 PFLOPS, was unveiled at HPC 2010 China and ranked as the world’s fastest supercomputer in the TOP500 list.  In November 2011, the Tianhe-1A ranked as the second fastest supercomputer in the world on TOP500 after it was surpassed by K Computer by Fujitsu of Japan.
Over 50 years later, NUDT has developed into a comprehensive university of sciences, engineering, military science, management, economics, philosophy, literature, education, law, and history. The university consists of 10 colleges, under which there are over 40 departments, institutes and laboratories, four national key laboratories and one key laboratory at the Ministry of Education level. NUDT plays a leading role in many subjects, nine of which are national key subjects. According to the National Subject Evaluation of the years 2002-2004 organized by the Ministry of Education, five subjects of NUDT entered the list of top five and its subject of Computer Science and Technology ranked first nationwide.
Currently, NUDT has over 2,000 faculty members, 300 of which are professors. There are over 17,000 full-time students, among which 11,000 are undergraduates, 4,000 are master's candidates, and 2,000 are doctoral candidates. NUDT offers 27 programs for undergraduates, 95 programs for master's candidates and 51 programs for doctoral candidates. Moreover, 11 post-doctoral research facilities are authorized on campus.
- "China's Indigenous Supercomputer Development". nti.org. January 1996. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04.[better source needed]
- Michael Pecht, China's Electronics Industry: The Definitive Guide for Companies and Policy Makers with Interest in China, 2006, ISBN 978-0-8155-1536-4, chapter 3.7.4 China's Supercomputers, page 66
- "China Wrests Supercomputer Title From U.S." (Press release). New York Times. 28 October 2010.[better source needed]
- "China Grabs Supercomputing Leadership Spot in Latest Ranking of World’s Top 500 Supercomputers" (Press release). TOP500. 11 November 2010.[better source needed]
- "Chinese supercomputer ranked world's fastest by TOP500" (Press release). Peopledaily.com.cn. 17 November 2010.[better source needed]
- Davey Alba (June 17, 2013). "China's Tianhe-2 Caps Top 10 Supercomputers". IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- National University of Defense Technology Official website (Chinese)
- National University of Defense Technology Official website (English)
- China's Supercomputer Fastest in the World (English)
- Fear Not China’s Supercomputer (English)