National University of Ireland (constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

National University of Ireland (NUI) is a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, through which graduates of the National University of Ireland have elected members of various legislative bodies including currently Seanad Éireann.

Summary[edit]

From To Chamber Members
1918 1922 House of Commons of the United Kingdom 1
1921 1922 House of Commons of Southern Ireland 4
1922 1923 Dáil Éireann 4
1923 1937 Dáil Éireann 3
1938 Seanad Éireann 3

Note: The member elected in 1918 sat in the First Dáil and the members elected in 1921 served in the Second Dáil, rather than the bodies to which they were officially elected.

Representation[edit]

House of Commons of the United Kingdom[edit]

National University of Ireland
Former University constituency
for the House of Commons
19181922

NUI was enfranchised as a new university constituency on 1918 and continued to be entitled to be represented by one Member of Parliament in the British House of Commons until the dissolution of Parliament on 26 October 1922, shortly before the Irish Free State became a dominion outside the United Kingdom on 6 December 1922. The 1918 general election took place on 14 December and the results were declared on 28 December, except for the university constituencies. NUI voted between 18 – 22 December and the result was declared on 23 December. Eoin MacNeill was elected (and also for Londonderry City) standing for Sinn Féin and therefore did not take his seat in Westminster, instead serving as a member of the first Dáil Éireann.

House of Commons of Southern Ireland[edit]

The Government of Ireland Act 1920 established a devolved home rule legislature, within the United Kingdom, for twenty-six Irish counties which were designated Southern Ireland.

NUI was given four seats in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. The seats were filled by four Sinn Féin MPs, who were returned unopposed. They were amongst the 124 members (out of 128) who boycotted the abortive first meeting of the House instead they took part in the second Dáil Éireann.

The Parliament was dissolved as part of the arrangements under the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1922.

Dáil Éireann[edit]

National University of Ireland
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Former constituency
Created 1922
Abolished 1937
Seats 4 (1922–1923)
3 (1923–1937)

In the 1918 general election, Sinn Féin contested the election on the basis that they would not take seats in the United Kingdom Parliament but would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin.

The University was, in Irish republican theory, entitled to return one Teachta Dála (known in English as a Deputy) in 1918 to serve in the Irish Republic's First Dáil. This revolutionary body assembled on 21 January 1919.

In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland was a member of the First Dáil. In practice only Sinn Féin members participated, including the Deputy for the University.

The First Dáil, passed a motion at its last meeting on 10 May 1921, the first three parts of which make explicit the republican view.

  1. That the parliamentary elections which are to take place during the present month be regarded as elections to Dáil Éireann.
  2. That all deputies duly returned at these elections be regarded as members of Dáil Éireann and allowed to take their seats on subscribing to the proposed Oath of Allegiance.
  3. That the present Dáil dissolve automatically as soon as the new body has been summoned by the President and called to order.

The Second Dáil first met on 16 August 1921, thereby dissolving the First Dáil.

Sinn Féin had decided to use the polls for the House of Commons of Northern Ireland and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as an election for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. No actual voting was necessary in Southern Ireland as all the seats were filled by unopposed returns. Except for University of Dublin all constituencies outside Northern Ireland elected Sinn Féin TDs.

The National University of Ireland constituency elected four Sinn Féin members unopposed, who participated in the Dáil.

The Third Dáil elected in 1922 was, in United Kingdom law, initially the constituent assembly for the Irish Free State and then the lower house. From this time the Dáil represented only twenty-six Irish counties and did not claim to represent the six counties of Northern Ireland. Non-Sinn Féin Deputies began to stand for and participate in the Dáil.

In the Electoral Act 1923 the Irish Free State defined its own Dáil constituencies. National University of Ireland was reduced to three seats.

The Constitution (Amendment No. 23) Act 1936 repealed the Irish Free State constitutional provision for University representation in Dáil Éireann, with effect from the next dissolution of the Oireachtas which took place on 14 June 1937.

Seanad Éireann[edit]

When Ireland adopted a new constitution, in 1937, this provided for the universities to be represented in a re-established Seanad Éireann (the Free State Seanad having been abolished in 1936).

The Seanad Electoral (University Members) Act 1937 gave effect to the new constitutional provision. The election to the Seanad took place in 1938. The 2nd Seanad first met on 27 April 1938.

NUI currently sends three members to the Seanad.

Boundaries[edit]

The National University of Ireland is a federal university system of constituent universities (previously university colleges), and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and amended by the Universities Act, 1997.

As part of the redistribution of Parliamentary seats in 1918, the NUI was enfranchised as a new non-territorial Parliamentary constituency.

Electorate[edit]

In 1918 the electorate included all registered male graduates over 21 (or over 19 if in armed services) and female graduates over 30. There were 3,819 voters registered for the 1918 general election. Most, if not all, of those electors would have been plural voters also entitled to vote in a territorial constituency.

In the Electoral Act 1923, the Irish Free State abolished plural voting for University constituencies and enfranchised women on the same terms as men. Qualified voters could then decide whether to register for a University or a territorial constituency but not for both.

The qualifications for an elector to be registered as a University voter were set out in Section 1(2)(c) of the 1923 Act. They were to be registered at "the University constituency comprising a university in which he or she has received a degree other than an honorary degree or, in the case of the University of Dublin, has received such degree as aforesaid, or obtained a foundation scholarship, or, if a woman, obtained a non-foundation scholarship".

Politics of the constituency[edit]

Sinn Féin defeated the Irish Parliamentary Party by a two to one margin in 1918. They lost one of their four seats in the 1922 elections. Until around the 1950s elections were largely partisan, but since then independents have tended to predominate.

Electoral System[edit]

In 1918 the National University of Ireland was a single member, non-territorial University constituency which was (in theory) represented as a Parliament of the United Kingdom constituency 1918–1922. In 1918 the constituency used the First-past-the-post system.

From 1921 parliamentary representatives of the University were elected using the single transferable vote method of proportional representation.

Deputies 1918–1937[edit]

From To Name Party Birth Death
1918 1923 Eoin MacNeill Sinn Féin[1] 15 May 1867 15 October 1945
1921 1922 Ada English Sinn Féin 10 January 1875 1 January 1944
1921 1933 Michael Hayes[2] Sinn Féin /
Cumann na nGaedheal from 1923
1 December 1889 11 July 1976
1921 1923 William Stockley[3] Sinn Féin 29 June 1859 22 July 1943
1922 1927 William Magennis Independent /
Clann Éireann from 1926
18 May 1867 30 March 1946
1923 1937 Patrick McGilligan Independent /
Cumann na nGaedheal from 1924 /
Fine Gael from 1933
12 April 1889 15 November 1979
1927 1927 Arthur Clery[4] Republican 1879 November 1932
1927 1932 Michael Tierney Cumann na nGaedheal 30 September 1894 10 May 1975
1932 1936 Conor Maguire Fianna Fáil 1889 26 September 1971
1933 1937 Helena Concannon Fianna Fáil 1878 27 February 1952

Senators from 1938[edit]

From To Name Party Birth Death
1938 1944 Michael Tierney Fine Gael 30 September 1894 10 May 1975
1938 1952 Helena Concannon Fianna Fáil /
Independent from 1951
1878 27 February 1952
1938 1960 Henry Barniville Independent 1887 23 September 1960
1944 1948 Michael J. Ryan Independent 24 October 1952
1948 1965 George O'Brien Independent 1892 31 December 1973
1953 1954 John F. Cunningham Independent 1954
1954 1957 Roger McHugh Independent 24 July 1908 1987
1957 1977 Patrick Quinlan Independent 8 November 2001
1961 1969 Dónall Ó Conalláin Independent 1907 7 December 1987
1965 1973 Bryan Alton Independent 5 June 1919 18 January 1991
1969 1977 John Horgan Labour Party 26 October 1940
1973 1981 Augustine Martin Independent 13 November 1935 16 October 1995
1977 1982 Gemma Hussey Independent /
Fine Gael from 1981
11 November 1938
1977 1982 John A. Murphy Independent 17 January 1927
1981 1982 Liam B. Ryan Independent
1982 1987 James Dooge Fine Gael 30 July 1922 20 August 2010
1982 1992 Brendan Ryan Independent 1 August 1946
1983 1987 Michael D. Higgins Labour Party 18 April 1941
1987 1992 John A. Murphy Independent 17 January 1927
1987 2011 Joe O'Toole Independent 20 July 1947
1993 1997 Joe Lee Independent 9 July 1942
1993 Incumbent Feargal Quinn Independent 27 November 1936
1997 2007 Brendan Ryan[5] Independent /
Labour Party from 14 January 1999
1 August 1946
2007 Incumbent Rónán Mullen Independent 13 October 1970
2011 Incumbent John Crown Independent 1957

Elections[edit]

UK House of Commons and Dáil Éireann[edit]

The 1918 general election took place on 14 December and the results were declared on 28 December, except for the university constituencies. NUI voted between 18 – 22 December and the result was declared on 23 December.

1918 general election: National University of Ireland[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Sinn Féin Eoin MacNeill 1,644 66.9 N/A
Irish Parliamentary Arthur W. Conway 813 33.1 N/A
Majority 831 33.8 N/A
Turnout 3,819 64.3 N/A

House of Commons of Southern Ireland and Dáil Éireann[edit]

1921 general election: National University of Ireland[7]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Sinn Féin Ada English Unopposed N/A 1
Sinn Féin Michael Hayes Unopposed N/A 2
Sinn Féin Eoin MacNeill Unopposed N/A 3
Sinn Féin William Stockley Unopposed N/A 4

Dáil Éireann[edit]

1922 general election[edit]

1922 general election: National University of Ireland[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Eoin MacNeill 888 33.7 1 1
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Michael Hayes 294 11.2 2 2
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) William Stockley 349 13.2 3 3
Independent William Magennis 381 14.5 4 4
Independent Arthur W. Conway 410 15.6
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Ada English 314 11.9
Electorate: 5,053   Valid: 2,636   Quota: 528   Turnout: 52.2%

1923 general election[edit]

1923 general election: National University of Ireland[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Eoin MacNeill 418 34.8 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Hayes 210 17.5 2
Cumann na nGaedheal William Magennis 201 16.7 3
Republican William Stockley 144 12.0
Independent Agnes O'Farrelly 136 11.3
Republican Hugh Ryan 93 7.7
Electorate: 1,561   Valid: 1,202   Quota: 301   Turnout: 77.0%
  • Hayes also stood successfully for Dublin South but chose to sit for this constituency.
  • MacNeill also stood successfully for Clare but chose to sit for that constituency.

1923 by-election[edit]

1923 by-election: National University of Ireland[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 849 76.5 1 1
Republican William Stockley 261 23.5
Electorate: 1,567   Valid: 1,110   Quota: 556   Turnout: 70.8%
  • By-election was caused by the resignation of Eoin MacNeill.

June 1927 general election[edit]

June 1927 general election: National University of Ireland[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Michael Hayes Automatically returned N/A 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 1,090 50.7 2 1
Independent Arthur Clery 514 23.9 3 4
Cumann na nGaedheal Eoin MacNeill 228 10.6
Independent Agnes O'Farrelly 163 7.6
Clann Éireann William Magennis 155 7.2
Electorate: ?   Valid: 2,150   Quota: 717   Turnout:

September 1927 general election[edit]

September 1927 general election: National University of Ireland[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Michael Hayes Automatically returned N/A 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 1,229 55.8 2 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Tierney 319 14.5 3
Fianna Fáil Conor Maguire 652 29.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 2,200   Quota: 734   Turnout:

1932 general election[edit]

1932 general election: National University of Ireland[12]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Michael Hayes Automatically returned N/A 1 1
Fianna Fáil Conor Maguire 1,396 44.3 2 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 1,332 42.2 3 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Tierney 426 13.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 3,154   Quota: 1,052   Turnout:

1933 general election[edit]

1933 general election: National University of Ireland[13]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Conor Maguire 1,306 34.6 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 1,028 27.3 2 1
Fianna Fáil Helena Concannon 773 20.5 2 3
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Hayes 664 17.6
Electorate: 4,655   Valid: 3,771   Quota: 943   Turnout: 81.0%
  • Seat vacant in November 1936 on appointment of Maguire as a Justice of the High Court

Seanad Éireann [edit]

2002 election[edit]

2002 election: National University of Ireland
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Feargal Quinn 5,640 17.5 1 12
Independent Joe O'Toole 5,463 16.9 2 13
Labour Brendan Ryan 4,264 13.2 3 13
Independent Bernardine O'Sullivan 4,054 12.6
Independent Valerie Bresnihan 2,856 8.9
Independent Brendan Price 2,035 6.3
Independent Linda O'Shea Farren 1,533 4.8
Independent Pierce Purcell 1,295 4.0
Independent Dáithí Mac Cárthaigh 1,273 4.0
Independent Jim O'Callaghan 1,239 3.8
Independent Michael Griffin 961 3.0
Independent Matthew Harmey 590 1.8
Independent Noel Murphy 356 1.1
Independent Michael Cosgrave 273 0.9
Independent Colm O'Higgins 226 0.7
Independent Liam Ó Gógáin 191 0.6
Electorate: 101,952   Valid: 32,249   Quota: 8,063   Turnout: 31.6%

2007 election[edit]

2007 election: National University of Ireland[14]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Joe O'Toole 5,412 1 21
Independent Rónán Mullen 4,661 3 21
Independent Feargal Quinn 3,863 2 21
Labour Brendan Ryan 3,283
Independent Valerie Bresnihan 3,282
Independent Bernardine O'Sullivan 2,395
Independent John Hillery 1,734
Independent Paddy Healy 1,393
Fine Gael John Kennedy 1,303
Independent Brendan Price 1,289
Independent Dáithí Mac Cárthaigh 1,005
Independent Mark Garavan 951
Fianna Fáil Liam Crowley 814
Independent Susan Philips 706
Green Party Martin Hogan 683
Independent Martina Lowe 596
Independent Linda O'Shea Farren 563
Independent Mary O'Riordan 538
Independent Daniel K. Sullivan 372
Independent Oonagh Monahan 327
Independent Bernie O'Callaghan 305
Independent Shane Brodbin 220
Fathers Rights Liam Ó Gógáin 174
Independent Mark Connolly 120
Electorate: ?   Valid: 35,989   Quota: 8,998   Turnout:

2011 election[edit]

2011 election: National University of Ireland[15]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Rónán Mullen 6,459 1 24
Independent John Crown 4,703 3 24
Independent Feargal Quinn 4,591 2 24
Independent Declan Kelleher 3,771
Independent Bernardine O'Sullivan 2,028
Independent Donncha O'Connell 1,629
Independent Helen Keogh 1,362
Independent Regina O'Connor 1,101
Independent Linda O'Shea Farren 1,083
Independent Paddy Healy 947
Green Party Niall Ó Brolcháin 718
Independent Brendan Price 671
Independent James Doorley 655
Independent Peter Mooney 547
Sinn Féin Eoin Ó Broin 490
Independent Michael Molloy 484
Independent Paul Lynam 476
Independent Thomas Canning 354
Independent James Coyle 307
Independent John Kennedy 279
Independent David McCurtin 262
Independent Francis O'Donnell 199
Independent Daniel K. Sullivan 193
Independent Diarmaid Ó Cadhla 182
Independent James O'Donoughue 154
Independent Mick Langan 129
Independent Matthias Cowley 57
Electorate: ?   Valid: 33,831   Quota: 8,458   Turnout:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MacNeill was also TD for Londonderry City 1918–1921, Londonderry (Derry in the Oireachtas members database) 1921–1922 and Clare 1923–1927. He resigned the NUI seat to sit for Clare. He was Pro-Treaty, and Cumann na nGaedheal from 1923. He served as Ceann Comhairle 1921–1922.
  2. ^ Hayes was also elected TD for Dublin South 1923, but chose to sit for NUI. He served as Ceann Comhairle 1923–1932.
  3. ^ Stockley was Anti-Treaty. He did not take his seat in the Third Dáil 1922–1923.
  4. ^ Clery did not take his seat in the 5th Dáil in 1927.
  5. ^ A different Brendan Ryan served on the Administrative Panel of the Seanad from 2007–11.
  6. ^ "General election 1918: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  7. ^ "General election 1921: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  8. ^ "General election 1922: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  9. ^ "General election 1923: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "By-election 1923: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  11. ^ a b "General election June 1927: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  12. ^ "General election 1932: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  13. ^ "General election 1933: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  14. ^ "Seanad Election: 2007: National University of Ireland". Retrieved 26 September 2007. 
  15. ^ "Seanad General Election, April 2011, National University of Ireland Panel". Houses of the Oireachtas. 28 April 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)