National apportionment of MP seats in the Swedish Parliament

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The electoral system in Sweden is proportional. Of the 349 seats in the national diet, the unicameral Riksdag, 310 are fixed constituency seats (Swedish: valkretsmandat) allocated to constituencies in relation to the number of people entitled to vote in each constituency (Swedish: valkrets). The remaining 39 leveling seats (Swedish: utjämningsmandat) are used to correct the deviations from proportional national distribution that may arise when allocating the fixed constituency seats. There is a constraint in the system that means that only a party that has received at least four per cent of the votes in the whole country participates in the distribution of seats. However, a party that has received at least twelve per cent of the votes in a constituency participates in the distribution of the fixed constituency seats in that constituency.[1][2]

Apportionment of fixed constituency seats[edit]

Constituency 1970 1973 1976 1979 1982 1985 1988 1991 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014
Stockholms kommun 31 29 27 26 26 25 25 25 25 26 27 27 28 29
Stockholms län 24 27 28 29 30 31 32 32 33 34 35 36 37 38
Uppsala län[3] 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 11 11 11
Södermanlands län 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Östergötlands län 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 14 14 14
Jönköpings län 12 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 11 11 11 11
Kronobergs län 6 6 6 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Kalmar län 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 8
Gotlands län 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Blekinge län 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5
Kristianstads län[4] 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 - - - - -
Fyrstadskretsen[5] 18 18 18 17 17 17 17 17 - - - - - -
Malmöhus län 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 - - - - - -
Malmöhus läns norra - - - - - - - - 9 - - - - -
Malmöhus läns södra - - - - - - - - 11 - - - - -
Malmö kommun - - - - - - - - 8 9 9 9 9 10
Skåne läns västra - - - - - - - - - 9 9 9 9 9
Skåne läns södra - - - - - - - - - 11 11 11 12 12
Skåne läns norra och östra - - - - - - - - - 10 10 10 10 10
Hallands län 7 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10
Göteborgs kommun 17 17 17 17 16 16 16 16 15 16 17 17 17 17
Bohuslän[6] 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 - - - - -
Älvsborgs läns norra 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 - - - - -
Älvsborgs läns södra 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 7 6 - - - - -
Skaraborgs län 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 - - - - -
Västra Götalands läns västra - - - - - - - - - 11 11 11 12 12
Västra Götalands läns norra - - - - - - - - - 9 9 9 9 9
Västra Götalands läns södra - - - - - - - - - 6 6 6 6 6
Västra Götalands läns östra - - - - - - - - - 9 9 9 9 9
Värmlands län 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 10 9 9
Örebro län 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 9
Västmanlands län 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 8
Dalarnas län[7] 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 9
Gävleborgs län 12 12 12 11 11 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 9
Västernorrlands län 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 8 8
Jämtlands län 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 4
Västerbottens län 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Norrbottens län 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 8
Total fixed constituency seats 310 310 310 310 310 310 310 310 310 310 310 310 310 310

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See e.g.: SOU 2008:125 En reformerad grundlag (Constitutional Reform), Prime Ministers Office.
  2. ^ For the general election of 2010, See e.g.: Länet tappar ett mandat, Örnsköldsviks Allehanda, March 20, 2009.
  3. ^ By the election in 2006, Heby Municipality was transferred from Västmanlands län to Uppsala län.
  4. ^ Kristianstads län was abolished by the election of 1998. The constituency is now referred to as Skåne läns norra, and Skåne läns östra.
  5. ^ Fyrstadskretsen and Malmöhus län were adjusted by the election of 1994.
  6. ^ Västra Götalands län was created by the election of 1998. At the same time, Habo and Mullsjö Municipalities were transferred to Jönköpings län.
  7. ^ The constituency was named Kopparbergs län before the election of 1998.