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National conservatism is a political term used primarily in Europe to describe a variant of conservatism which concentrates more on national interests than standard conservatism as well as upholding cultural and ethnic identity, while not being outspokenly nationalist or supporting a far-right approach. In Europe, national conservatives are usually eurosceptics.
National conservative parties are "socially traditional", i.e. they support traditional family and social stability. According to the Austrian political scientist Sieglinde Rosenberger, "national conservatism praises the family as a home and a centre of identity, solidarity and emotion." Many national conservatives are thus social conservatives, as well as in favour of limiting immigration and enacting law-and-order policies.
National conservative parties in different countries do not necessarily share a common position on economic policy: Their views may range from support of a planned economy to a centrist mixed economy to a laissez-faire approach. In the first, more common, case, national conservatives can be distinguished from economic/fiscal conservatives, for whom free market economic policies, deregulation and fiscal conservatism are the main priorities. Some commentators have indeed identified a growing gap between national and economic conservatism: "most parties of the Right [today] are run by economic conservatives who, in varying degrees, have marginalized social, cultural, and national conservatives."
Most conservative parties in post-communist Central and Southeastern Europe since 1989 have been national conservative.
National conservative parties in Europe
The following political parties have been characterised as national conservative, at least as one of their ideological influences.
- Albania — Democratic Party of Albania Republican Party of Albania
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Party of Democratic Action, Croatian Democratic Union BiH, Party of Democratic Progress
- Bulgaria — IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement, Union of Democratic Forces, Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria, Democratic Party
- Croatia — Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ)
- Denmark — Danish People's Party
- Estonia — Pro Patria and Res Publica Union, Conservative People's Party of Estonia
- Finland — Finns Party
- France — Movement for France
- Germany — Alternative for Germany
- Greece – Independent Greeks
- Hungary — Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance,
- Italy — Brothers of Italy
- Latvia — Homeland Union, National Alliance
- Lithuania — Order and Justice
- Luxembourg — Alternative Democratic Reform Party
- Macedonia – Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity
- Poland — Law and Justice, League of Polish Families
- Romania – Conservative Party
- Serbia — Serbian Progressive Party, Democratic Party of Serbia
- Slovenia – Slovenian Democratic Party
- Switzerland — Swiss People's Party, Federal Democratic Union
- United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) — Democratic Unionist Party 
- Traynor, Ian, The EU's weary travellers The Guardian, April 4, 2006
- Rosenberger, Sieglinde, Europe is swinging towards the right - What are the effects on women?, University of Vienna, 2002. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- National Questions, National Review, Vol. 49, Issue 12, June 30, 1997, pp. 16-17
- Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989 (Cambridge University Press): 79