National conservatism

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National conservatism is a political term used primarily in Europe to describe a variant of conservatism which concentrates more on national interests than standard conservatism as well as upholding cultural and ethnic identity,[citation needed] while not being outspokenly nationalist or supporting a far-right approach. In Europe, national conservatives are usually eurosceptics.[1][2]

National conservative parties are "socially traditional",[1] i.e. they support traditional family and social stability.[3] According to the Austrian political scientist Sieglinde Rosenberger, "national conservatism praises the family as a home and a centre of identity, solidarity and emotion."[3] Many national conservatives are thus social conservatives, as well as in favour of limiting immigration and enacting law-and-order policies.[1]

National conservative parties in different countries do not necessarily share a common position on economic policy: Their views may range from support of a planned economy to a centrist mixed economy to a laissez-faire approach.[citation needed] In the first, more common, case, national conservatives can be distinguished from economic/fiscal conservatives,[4] for whom free market economic policies, deregulation and fiscal conservatism are the main priorities. Some commentators have indeed identified a growing gap between national and economic conservatism: "most parties of the Right [today] are run by economic conservatives who, in varying degrees, have marginalized social, cultural, and national conservatives."[4]

National conservatism is also related to traditionalist conservatism.[citation needed]

Most conservative parties in post-communist Central and Southeastern Europe since 1989 have been national conservative.[5]

National conservative parties in Europe[edit]

The following political parties have been characterised as national conservative, at least as one of their ideological influences.

See also[edit]