Traditional Albanian clothing
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Alemannic Wikipedia. (September 2010)
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Traditional Albanian clothing (Albanian: veshjet tradicionale shqiptare, veshjet kombëtare, veshjet popullore or kostumet kombëtare) includes more than 200 different kind of clothings in all Albania and Albanian inhabited lands. This is due to the division the Albanian principalities in the Middle Ages. To this day, some conservative old men and women mainly from the North wear traditional clothing in their daily lives. Instead, older women from the South usually wear all-black outfits. Almost every region in Albania has its own traditional dress with women clothing being particularly colorful and rich in detail.
The Albanian Dress consist of the following elements:
The following headdresses are in use for men:
- Qeleshe [cɛˈlɛʃɛ] or Plisi: a type of hat worn by men of Northern Albanian and Kosova. In central Albania (Tirana, Durrës, Kavaja) it is cone-shaped, and in North Albania and Kosovo round.
- Albanian hat (French: Chapeau albanois) worn typically during the 15th to 18th centuries and immortalized in Onufri's paintings
- Fez [fɛz]: a Turkish felt hat where upper flat manner un meischt red manner.
- Qylafë [ˈcylaf]: a woolen high hat worn in southern Albania.
The following headdress are in use for women:
- Kapica [kaˈpitsa]: a headdress for women.
- Langi, other names include: peshqira, riza, marhamë, pashnik
- Lëvere [ləˈvɛɾɛ]: right shaped headdress.
- Kryqe [ˈkɾycɛ]: square shaped headdress.
Pants and upper body covers
- Fustanella [fustaˈnɛɫa]: traditional skirt-like garment worn by men.
- Tirq [tiɾc]: long pant worn by man.
- Brekusha [bɾɛˈkuʃa]: for man and women.
- Xhubleta [dʒuˈblɛta]: Only worn by women.
- Mbështjellëse- Only worn by women.
- Opingat [ɔˈpiŋɡat]: Art Sandals
Style in different locations
South Albania has many branches that come from many cities on the South.
In the region of Labëria, the traditional costume for men is like the picture on the right. They use Qeleshe which is a type of hat worn on the head. Then they wear a short black jacket, followed by a white shirt with wide sleeves. They also have a kind of a belt which is red and black like the Albanian Flag. They have black pants with long white socks. For shoes, they wear Opinga which are worn in Albania, Romania and Serbia. The costumes are very colorful.
Lord Byron in Albanian Dress
- Gjergji 2004: S. 191
- de La Curne de Sainte-Palaye, Jean-Baptiste (1875). Dictionnaire historique de l'ancien langage françois (in French). Champion (T. 01-09). pp. 316–.
- Anamali, Skënder (2002). Historia e popullit shqiptar në katër vëllime (in Albanian) I. Botimet Toena. p. 300. OCLC 52411919.
- Gjergji 2004: S. 194
- Andromaqi, Gjergj (2004). Albanian Costumes Through the Centuries: Origin, Types, Evolution. Mësonjëtorja. ISBN 978-99943-614-4-1.
- Andromaqi, Gjergji (2010). Albanian Clothing: Fustanella, Albanian Traditional Clothing, Qeleshe. Books, LLC. ISBN 978-1-158-32861-1.
- Andromaqi, Gjerjgi (1999). Albanian Folk Costumes. Instituti i Kulturës Popullore, Departamenti Etnologjisë. ISBN 978-99927-654-6-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clothing of Albania.|
- Albanian Costumes at Albanian-Folklore.com
- Albanian Folk Costumes in Early Postcards
- Traditional Albanian Costumes Group on Flickr.com
- Explorations in Folklore 3: My Albanian Journey
- Infoarkiv: Etnografia e rrezikuar (Albanian)