National identity card (Sweden)
The national identity card (Swedish: nationellt id-kort) is a non-compulsory identity document issued in Sweden by the Swedish Police since October 1, 2005. The card can be used for traveling to and staying in Europe (except Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Turkey) as well as Georgia without the need for a passport, although from Swedish airports, direct travel to non-Schengen countries is not permitted  something that violates the EU directive 2004/38/EC chapter II article 4.1. It is only obtainable by Swedish citizens. Citizens of any country residing in Sweden can get certified identification cards issued by the tax authority, cards that do not state citizenship and are usable for travel in Scandinavia but not to other EU countries.
The national identity card is valid for five years and costs 400 SEK (about 46 EUR). Applications are filed at police stations which have a passport office. Only around 100.000 Swedes, have obtained an official National identity card. This is because almost all people already have another suitable identity document. A driver's license or tax authority identity card is enough inside the Nordic countries, and a passport is more widely accepted internationally.
The national identity card is equipped with a contact chip prepared for being able to function as an electronic identity card (eID) at a later date, and also a contactless RFID chip containing a digital representation of the printed data along with the photograph.
The Swedish government has decided to allow direct travel to any EU country (but not other countries accepting it) using the national identity card. This law change is planned to be introduced during 2015. This was planned by the government in 2007 based on the EU directive on Free Movement of Citizens, but was put on hold when they listened to the prison authority which recommended against increasing free movement (there is a law cancelling passport validity for prisoners but not national identity card validity).
Physical appearance and data contained
The identity card is plastic and rectangular in shape, about 86 × 54 millimeters in size. On the left side is a gold-plated contact chip, on the right side is the photograph of the bearer. On the top edge of the card, the name of Sweden available in three languages, Swedish, English, and French (SVERIGE SWEDEN SUÈDE), below which the name of the card is available in the same three languages (Nationellt identitetskort/National identity card/Carte nationale d'identité), followed on the right by the biometric passport symbol () and the nationality of the bearer in Swedish and a country code (SVENSK/SWE).
The descriptions of the fields are printed in Swedish and English.
- Card No.
- Personal Id. No.
- Holder's signature
- Date of birth
- Given names
- Date of issue
- Date of expiry
On the back side of the card a machine readable zone is found in the bottom half.
Data on the RFID chip
- The card's printed data in a digital format
- The photograph in a JPEG format
- A digital key to verify that the data contained is authentic and hasn't been tampered with
The contents of the RFID chip cannot be accessed without using the codes found in the machine readable zone on the back side.
- "Fakta om nationellt id-kort". Signguard. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
- "Förordning (2005:661) om nationellt identitetskort". The Riksdag. 2005-09-01. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
- "Datachippet". Swedish Police Service. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2010-04-02.[dead link]
- Ökade möjligheter att resa inom EU utan pass (Swedish)