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National Question is a general term used for questions relating to nationalities, nationalism, and nations. More specifically, the term usually refers either to the various theories about dealing with national questions (e.g. how does ideology XYZ solve the national question?), or to any particular national problem that manifests itself somewhere in the world (for example, the Quebec national question).
Marxist views on the national question
There are various views and theory about how to explain, deal and eventually solve issues regarding nationalities. The question is of particular importance to Marxists.
Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union from 1924 to 1953, wrote the definitive Marxist text on the national question, entitled Marxism and the National Question. In it, Stalin lays out his definition of a nation, which impacted the work of the Soviet Union in organizing the multitude of nationalities within the former Russian Empire. His definition identifies the key elements of a nation as "a historically constituted, stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, and psychological make-up manifested in a common culture."
Stalin's definition continues to impact the understanding of the national question by Marxist-Leninist groups around the world.
Particular cases of this issue around the world
- Adriatic Question
- Armenian Question
- Eastern Question
- German question
- Irish question
- Jewish question
- Karelian question in Finnish politics
- Mosul Question
- Polish question
- Quebec national question
- Roman Question
- Schleswig-Holstein Question
- Wendish question
- West Lothian question
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