National Treasures of South Korea

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National Treasures of South Korea
Seokguram Buddha.JPG
The Buddha statue at Seokguram Grotto, the 24th Korean national treasure.
Korean name
Hangul 대한민국 국보
Hanja 大韓民國 國寶
Revised Romanization Daehanmin-guk Gukbo
McCune–Reischauer Taehanmin'guk Kukpo

The National Treasures of Korea are a numbered set of tangible treasures, artifacts, sites, and buildings which are recognized by South Korea as having exceptional artistic, cultural and historical value.[1] The title is one of the eight State-designated heritage assigned by the administrator of the Cultural Heritage Administration (CHA) in accordance with the Cultural Heritage Protection Act after deliberation by the Cultual Heritage Committee.[2]

Many of the national treasures are popular tourist destinations such as Jongmyo royal ancestral shrine, Bulguksa, Seokguram, and Tripitaka Koreana at Haeinsa. There are now 307 distinct entries on the list, some composed of a large number of sub-entries.[1] The treasures are numbered according to the order in which they were designated not according to their individual value.

The National Treasures are designated within the heritage preservation system of the country.

Contents

History[edit]

The first list of Korean cultural treasures was designated by Governor-General of Korea in 1938 during the Japanese occupation with "The Act of Treasures of the Joseon dynasty".[3]

In 1955, the South Korean government declared as National Treasures the items previously on the Korean Treasures Preservation Order issued during Japan's occupation of Korea. The current list dates to December 20, 1962, when the Cultural Protection Act was enacted by the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction. There were 116 items on the "National Treasures" list at that time, with others designated as "Treasures".[4]

Numerous amendments have been made to the list since that time, most recently in 2004.

List of national treasures[edit]

Designated December 20, 1962[edit]

Namdaemun (Sungnyemun), the 1st national treasure of Korea.
Bukhansan Monument, the 3rd national treasure of Korea
Cheomseongdae Observatory, the 31st national treasure of Korea.
No. 98. celadon openwork incense burner with Korean kingfisher glaze from the Goryeo Dynasty. National Museum of Korea, Seoul.
Hunmin Jeongeum Eonhae. The original Hunmin Jeongeum is the 70th national treasure of Korea.
Bangasayusang, the 83rd national treasure of Korea.
Gyeongcheonsa Pagoda, the 86th national treasure of Korea.
  1. Namdaemun, also known as Sungnyemun, Jung-gu, Seoul. Severely damaged in a fire on February 10, 2008. Restored in May 5, 2013.
  2. Wongaksa Pagoda, Ten storied stone pagoda of Wongaksa temple site, Tapgol Park, Jongno-gu, Seoul
  3. Bukhansan Monument commemorating the border inspection of Bukhansan by King Jinheung, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  4. Stupa of Godalsa temple site, Yeoju County
  5. Ssangsajaseokdeung, Twin-lion stone lantern of Beopjusa temple, Boeun County
  6. Seven storied stone pagoda in Tap-pyeong-ri, Chungju
  7. Stele of Bongseon Honggyeongsa, Cheonan
  8. Stele accompanying pagoda of Buddhist priest Nanghyehwasang, Seongjusa Temple, Boryeong
  9. Five storied stone pagoda of Jeongnimsa Temple site, Buyeo County
  10. Three storied stone pagoda in front of Baekjangam Hermitage, Silsangsa Temple, Namwon
  11. Stone pagoda of Mireuksa temple site, Iksan
  12. Stone lantern in front of Gakhwangjeon Hall of Hwaeomsa temple, Gurye County
  13. Geungnakjeon Hall of Muwisa temple, Gangjin County
  14. Yeongsanjeon Hall of Geojoam Hermitage, Eunhaesa Temple, Yeongcheon
  15. Geungnakjeon Hall of Bongjeongsa temple, Andong
  16. Seven storied brick pagoda in Sinse-dong, Andong
  17. Stone lantern in front of Muryangsujeon Hall of Buseoksa temple, Yeongju
  18. Muryangsujeon Hall of Buseoksa Temple, Yeongju
  19. Josadang Hall of Buseoksa temple, Yeongju
  20. Dabotap (Many Treasure Pagoda) at Bulguksa, Gyeongju
  21. Seokgatap (Sakyamuni Pagoda), the three-storied pagoda at Bulguksa, Gyeongju
  22. Yeonhwagyo and Chilbogyo bridges of Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju
  23. Cheongungyo and Baegungyo bridges, a double-sectioned staircase and bridge that leads to the entrance of Bulguksa, Gyeongju
  24. Seokguram grotto and Buddha statue, Gyeongju
  25. Monument of King Taejong Muyeol of Silla, Gyeongju
  26. Seated gilt-bronze Vairocana Buddha statue of Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju
  27. Seated gilt-bronze Amitabha Buddha statue of Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju
  28. Standing gilt-bronze Bhaisajyaguru Buddha statue from Baengnyulsa Temple, Gyeongju
  29. Bell of King Seongdeok. Sacred bell of King Seongdeok the Great, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju
  30. Stone pagoda of Bunhwangsa temple, Gyeongju
  31. Cheomseongdae, Gyeongju
  32. Tripitaka Koreana at Haeinsa, Hapcheon County
  33. Monument in Changnyeong commemorating the border inspection by King Jinheung, Changnyeong County
  34. Three storied stone East Pagoda in Suljeong-ri, Changnyeong County
  35. Four-lion-supported three storied stone pagoda of Hwaeomsa temple, Gurye County
  36. Bronze bell of Sangwonsa temple, Pyeongchang County
  37. Three storied stone pagoda in Guhwang-dong, Gyeongju
  38. Three storied stone pagoda of Goseonsa temple site, Gyeongju
  39. Five storied stone pagoda in Nawon-ri, Wolseong, Gyeongju
  40. Thirteen storied stone pagoda of Jeonghyesa temple site, Gyeongju
  41. Iron buddhist flagpole of Yongdusa temple site, Cheongju
  42. Wooden triptych Buddhist statue of Songgwangsa temple, Suncheon
  43. Edict of King Gojong of Goryeo, Songgwangsa Temple, Suncheon
  44. Three storied stone pagoda and stone lantern of Borimsa temple, Jangheung County
  45. Seated clay Buddha statue of Buseoksa temple, Yeongju
  46. Wall painting in Josadang Hall of Buseoksa temple, Yeongju
  47. Stele for Buddhist Priest Jingamseonsa of Ssanggyesa temple, Hadong County
  48. Octagonal nine storied pagoda of Woljeongsa temple, Pyeongchang County
  49. Daeungjeon Hall of Sudeoksa temple, Yesan County
  50. Haetalmun Gate of Dogapsa temple, Yeongam County
  51. Gate to an official inn in Gangneung
  52. Jangkyeongpanjeon - structure housing the Tripitaka Koreana (Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon) (Haeinsa Temple Depositories)
  53. East Stupa of Yeongoksa, a Silla-period temple on the slopes of Jirisan, in Gurye County
  54. North Stupa of Yeongoksa, Gurye County
  55. Palsangjeon Hall of Beopjusa temple, Boeun County
  56. Guksajeon Hall of Songgwangsa temple, Suncheon
  57. Stone pagoda of Buddhist Priest Cheolgamseonsa of Ssangbongsa temple, Hwasun County
  58. Seated iron bhaisajyaguru Buddha statue at Janggoksa temple, Cheongyang County
  59. Stele that accompanied the stupa of National Preceptor Jigwangguksa of Beopcheonsa temple, Wonju
  60. Celadon incense burner with lion-shaped lid, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  61. Celadon wine pot in the shape of a dragon, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  62. Mireukjeon Hall of Geumsansa temple, Gimje
  63. Seated iron Vairocana Buddha statue of Dopiansa temple, Cheolwon County
  64. Lotus shaped stone basin of Beopjusa temple, Boeun County
  65. Celadon incense burner with unicorn-shaped lid, Gansong Art Museum, Seoul
  66. Celadon kundika with inlaid willow, bamboo,lotus, reed and mandarin duck designs, Gansong Art Museum, Seoul
  67. Gakhwangjeon Hall of Hwaeomsa temple, Gurye County
  68. Celadon vase with inlaid crane and cloud designs, Gansong Art Museum, Seoul
  69. Certificate of meritorious subject for Sim Jibaek for his distinguished service in helping to establish the Joseon Kingdom, Dong-A University, Busan
  70. Hunmin Jeongeum
  71. Dongguk Jeongun, dictionary of correct Korean pronunciation
  72. Gilt-bronze Buddha triad with inscription of cyclic year of Gyemi (563 CE)
  73. Gilt-bronze Buddha triad in miniature shrine
  74. Celadon water dropper in the shape of a duck
  75. Bronze incense burner with inlaid silver decoration of Pyochungsa temple, Miryang
  76. War diary, letter file and draft copies of war report of Admiral Yi Sunsin, Hyeonchungsa, Asan
  77. Five storied stone pagoda in Tamni, Uiseong County
  78. Gilt-bronze maitreya in meditation, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  79. Seated gilt-bronze Buddha statue in Guhwang-ri, Gyeongju, in the National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  80. Standing gilt-bronze Buddha statue in Guhwang-ri, Gyeongju, in the National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  81. Standing stone maitreya statue of Gamsansa temple, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  82. Standing stone amitabha statue of Gamsansa temple, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  83. Gilt-bronze maitreya in meditation, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  84. Rock-carved triad buddha in Seosan
  85. Gilt-bronze triad Buddha with the inscription of cyclic year of Sinmyo (571 CE), Yongin
  86. Gyeongcheonsa Pagoda from Gyeongcheonsa Temple, a 10-story stone pagoda, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  87. Gold crown from the Geumgwanchong tomb, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju
  88. Girdle and pendants from Geumgwanchong tomb, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju
  89. Gold buckle, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  90. A pair of golden earrings, Old Silla period (500-600AD). Found in Pubuchong Tomb, Pomun-dong, Gyeongju City, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
  91. A stoneware vessel in the shape of a warrior on horseback, from the Old Silla period, around 500-600AD. Found in Geumnyeong-chong, Noseo-dong, Gyeongju City, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
  92. Celadon kundika with willow and water fowl designs in silver, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  93. White porcelain jar with grape design in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  94. Celadon bottle in the shape of a melon, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  95. Celadon openwork incense burner, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  96. Celadon pitcher in the shape of a tortoise, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  97. Celadon vase incised with lotus and arabesque designs, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  98. Celadon jar with inlaid peony designs, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  99. Galhangsa Temple 3-Story stone pagoda, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  100. Namgyewon Monastery 7-Story stone pagoda, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  101. Memorial Stupa for the Most Reverend Jigwang of Beopcheonsa temple, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  102. Memorial Stupa for the Most Reverend Hongbeop of Jeongtosa temple, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  103. Twin-lion stone lantern of Jungheungsanseong Fortress, Buk-gu, Gwangju
  104. Stupa for Priest Yeomgeo from Heungbeopsa temple, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  105. Three storied stone pagoda in Beomhak-ri, Sancheong, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  106. Stone triad amitabha with attendants and 28 other buddhist images, with an inscription of the cycle year Gyeyu, Cheongju
  107. White porcelain jar with grape design in underglaze iron, Ewha Womans University, Seoul
  108. One thousand Buddha stele with Gyeyu inscription, Gongju
  109. Gunwi triad Buddha and grotto, Gunwi County
  110. Portrait of Yi Je-hyun, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  111. Portrait of An Hyang, Yeongju
  112. Three storied stone pagoda of Gameunsa temple site, Gyeongju
  113. Celadon bottle with willow design in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  114. Celadon bottle in the shape of a muskmelon with inlaid peony and chrysanthemum designs, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  115. Celadon bowl with inlaid arabesque design, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
  116. Celadon ewer in the shape of a gourd with inlaid peony design, National Museum of Korea, Seoul

Designated March 3, 1964[edit]

117. Seated iron vairocana Buddha statue of Borimsa temple, Jangheung County
118. Gilt-bronze maitreya, Yongin
119. Standing gilt-bronze Buddha with inscription of the seventh year of Yeonga era, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
120. Bell of Yongjusa, Yongjusa temple, Hwaseong
121. Hahoetal and Byeongsantal masks, Andong
122. Three storied stone pagoda of Jinjeonsa temple site, Yangyang County

Designated February 28, 1966[edit]

123. Relics found from the five storied stone pagoda in Wanggung-ri, Iksan, Jeonju National Museum, Jeonju
124. Seated marble bodhisattva statue of Hansongsa temple, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
125. Green-glazed funeral urn with stone case, National Museum of Korea, Seoul

Designated September 16, 1967[edit]

126. Relics found inside three storied Seokgatap pagoda of Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju (28 subentries)

Designated December 19, 1968[edit]

127. Standing gilt-bronze avalokitesvara bodhisattva statue of Samyang-dong, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
128. Standing gilt-bronze avalokitesvara bodhisattva statue, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
129. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue, Leeum Art Museum, Yongin
130. Five storied stone pagoda of Jukjang-dong, Seonsan, Gumi

Designated November 7, 1969[edit]

131. Family register of King Taejo, founder of the Joseon Kingdom, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
132. War memoirs by Yu Seongryong, Andong
133. Porcelain kettle in the shape of a lotus blossom, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
134. Gilt bodhisattva triad, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin

Designated December 30, 1970[edit]

No.135 A scene on Dano day Hyewon pungsokdo
Gold Crown and Accessories, the 138th national treasure of Korea.
135. Hyewon pungsokdo, thirty-leaf album of genre paintings by Sin Yunbok, Gansong Art Museum, Seoul
136. Dragon-head altar pillar, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin

Designated December 21, 1971[edit]

137. Bronze artifacts from Bisan-dong, Daegu, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin (2 subentries)
138. Gold Crown and Accessories, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
139. Painting of a gathering of immortals by Danwon, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
140. Mother-of-pearl mirror, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
141. Bronze mirror with fine linear design and a pair of knobs, Soongsil University, Seoul
142. Dongguk Jeongun complete set of 6 volumes, Konkuk University, Seoul

Designated March 2, 1972[edit]

143. Bronze artifacts, estimated to be from 200-100BC. A bronze rattle with eight bells and a bronze mirror 14.5cm in diameter. Found in Taegong-ri, Hwasun County, Jeollanam-do. Stored at Gwangju National Museum, Gwangju. (6 subentries)
144. Rock-carved seated Buddha image at Mt. Wolchulsan, Yeongam County

Designated June 24, 1972[edit]

145. Bronze brazier with demon mask decoration, Yongsan-gu, Seoul
146. Excavated relics from Gangwon-do, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin (4 subentries)

Designated May 4, 1973[edit]

147. Petroglyphs in Cheonjeon-ri, Ulju-gun, Ulsan

Designated July 10, 1973[edit]

148. Sipchilsachangogeumtongyo (History of China volumes 16,17) (book), Seoul National University, Seoul (2 subentries)
149. Commentary on Chinese classics by Lu Zuqian, volumes 4-6, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul (2 subentries)
150. Songjopyojeonchongnyu printed with Gyemi movable metal type, Seoul National University, Seoul

Designated December 31, 1973[edit]

151. Annals of Joseon Dynasty (4 subentries)
152. Bibyeonsadeungnokbuuijeongbudeungnok, Seoul National University, Seoul
153. Bibyeonsadeungnok, Seoul National University, Seoul

Designated July 9, 1974[edit]

Crown of Baekje, the 154th national treasure of Korea.
154. Crown of Baekje. A pair of 30.7cm high golden cap ornaments, early 6th century (Baekje). Found in the tomb of King Munyeong, Gongju-si, Chungcheongnam-do.
155. Crown of Baekje. The queenly counterpart of #154, 22.6cm high.
156. A pair of king's earrings, made from gold and jade, early 6th century (Baekje). From tomb of King Munyeong.
157. A pair of queen's earrings, made from gold. From tomb of King Munyeong.
158. Two gold necklaces for the queen, Gongju National Museum, Gongju
159. An 18.4cm golden king's hairpin, early 6th century (Baekje dynasty). Found in the tomb of King Muryeong.
160. A pair of silver bracelets for the queen, Gongju National Museum, Gongju
161. Bronze mirror with immortal animal design, Gongju National Museum, Gongju
162. Seoksu, a hornblende guardian spirit sculpture with an iron antler, from the entrance of the tomb of King Muryeong.
163. A set of two granite epitaph plaques from tomb of King Muryeong—one for the king and one for his queen. 41.5cm by 35.2cm, by 5cm and 4.7cm.
164. Headrest, Gongju National Museum, Gongju
165. King's footrest, Gongju National Museum, Gongju
166. White porcelain jar with plum and bamboo designs in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
167 Celadon wine pot in the shape of a human figure, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
168 White porcelain bottle with plum and chrysanthemum designs in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
169 Porcelain bottle with bamboo motif from Goryeo period, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
170 Blue and white porcelain jar with plum, bird and bamboo designs, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
171. Bronze pedalled bowl, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
172. Artifacts excavated from the Jinyang Jeong family tomb, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
173. Seated celadon arhan with dot design in underglaze iron, Gangnam-gu, Seoul
174. Pair of gilt-bronze candlesticks from the Silla period, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
175. White porcelain bowl with inlaid lotus-arabesque design, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
176. Blue and white porcelain jar with pine and bamboo designs and inscription of Hongchi, Dongguk University, Seoul
177. Buncheong placenta jar with stamped design, Korea University, Seoul
178. Buncheong flattened bottle with incised fish design, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul
179. Buncheong flattened bottle with lotus and fish designs, Horim Museum, Seoul

Designated December 31, 1974[edit]

180. Landscape in winter, painting by Kim Jeong-hui, Jongno-gu, Seoul

Designated November 13, 1975[edit]

181. Certificate of passing state examination for Jang Ryangsu, Uljin County

Designated April 23, 1976[edit]

182. Standing gilt-bronze Buddha statue, Daegu National Museum, Daegu
183. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue, Daegu National Museum, Daegu
184. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue, Daegu National University, Daegu
185. Saddharmapundarika sutra, National Museum of Korea, Seoul

Designated December 14, 1976[edit]

186. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue from Yangpyeong, National Museum of Korea, Seoul

Designated August 27, 1977[edit]

187. Five storied imitation-brick pagoda in Bonggam, Yeongyang County

Designated December 7, 1978[edit]

188. A gold and jade crown with pendants, Old Silla period. Heavenly Horse Tomb (Cheonma-chong), Hwangnam-dong, Gyeongju City, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
189. A 19cm high golden cap, Old Silla period, from the Heavenly Horse Tomb.
190. Gold girdle with pendants from the Heavenly Horse Tomb, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju
191. A gold and jade crown with pendants, Old Silla period. Excavated from Hwangnamtaechong Tomb. The crown has been exhibited at National Museum of Korea from 2005, but Gyeongju National Museum has the ownership of it.
192. A 120cm gold and jade girdle with pendants, Old Silla period. Found in the North Mound of Hwangnamtaechong Tomb, Gyeongju City, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
193. A green-blue glass ewer, 25cm high (reconstructed), from the Old Silla period (est. 500-600AD). Found in the South Mound of Hwangnamdaechong Tomb, Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
194. A golden necklace from the Old Silla period. Found in the South Mound of Hwangnamdaechong Tomb.
195. Mounted cup with figurines from tomb of King Michu, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju

Designated February 8, 1979[edit]

196. Sutra on white paper from the Silla period, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin

Designated May 22, 1979[edit]

197. Stupa to Buddhist Priest Bogak of Cheongnyongsa temple
198. Stele by King Jinheung of Silla Period in Danyang County.
199. Buddhist figures of Sinseonsa temple grotto at Mt. Danseoksan, Gyeongju

Designated April 30, 1979[edit]

200. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue, Municipal Museum of Busan, Busan

Designated September 16, 1980[edit]

201. Rock-carved seated Buddhist statue in Bukji-ri, Bonghwa

Designated March 18, 1981[edit]

202. Avatamsaka sutra, Jung-gu, Seoul
203. Avatamsaka sutra, Jung-gu, Seoul
204. Avatamsaka sutra, Jung-gu, Seoul
205. Goguryeo monument in Jungwon, Chungju

Designated May 22, 1982[edit]

206. Goryeo Buddhist printing blocks at Haeinsa temple, Hapcheon County (28 subentries)

Designated November 16, 1982[edit]

207. Saddle flap with 'heavenly horse' painting, from the Heavenly Horse Tomb, National Museum of Korea, Seoul

Designated December 7, 1982[edit]

208. Hexagonal gilt-bronze sarira case, Jikjisa temple, Gimcheon
209. Five storied stone pagoda with 'Bohyeop' inscription, Dongguk University, Seoul

Designated May 30, 1984[edit]

210. Sutra from the Goryeo period in silver ink (vol. 30), Yongin
211. Saddharmapundarika sutra in ink on white paper, Seongbo Culture Foundation, Seoul
212. Suramagma sutra, Dongguk University, Seoul

Designated August 6, 1984[edit]

Geumgangjeondo, the 217th national treasure of Korea
213. Miniature gilt pagoda, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
214. Bronze incense burner from Heungwangsa temple, Kaesong, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
215. Sutra from the Goryeo period in silver ink (vol. 31), Yongin
216. Inwangjesaekdo, Clearing after rain in Mt. Inwangsan, painting by Jeong Seon, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
217. Geumgangjeondo, Painting of Kumgangsan by Jeong Seon, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
218. Painting of amitabha flanked by two bodhisattvas, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
219. Porcelain jar from early Joseon Dynasty, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
220. Porcelain bowl, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin

Designated November 15, 1984[edit]

221. Seated wooden manjusuri statue, Sang-wonsa temple, Pyeongchang County

Designated December 7, 1984[edit]

222. Blue and white porcelain jar with plum and bamboo designs, Horim Museum, Seoul

Designated January 8, 1985[edit]

Geunjeongjeon Hall, the 223rd national treasure of Korea
No. 224 Gyeonghoeru Pavilion in Gyeongbokgung Palace
223. Geunjeongjeon Hall in Gyeongbokgung Palace, Seoul
224. Gyeonghoeru Pavilion in Gyeongbokgung Palace, Seoul
225. Injeongjeon Hall in Changdeokgung Palace, Seoul
226. Myeongjeongjeon Hall in Changgyeonggung Palace, Seoul
227. The main hall, Jeongjeon, of Jongmyo royal ancestral shrine, Seoul

Designated March 3, 1985[edit]

228. Cheonsang Yeolcha Bunyajido, a stone carved planisphere. Korean Royal Museum, Seoul
229. Water clock of Borugak Pavilion, Korean Royal Museum, Seoul
230. Astronomical instrument and clock, Korea University, Seoul

Designated March 14, 1986[edit]

231. Thirteen moulds for bronze weapons and implements, Soongsil University, Seoul

Designated October 15, 1986[edit]

232. Certificate of meritorious subject for Yi Hwa for his distinguished service in helping to establish the Joseon Kingdom, Jeongeup
233. Agalmatolite jar with inscription of second year of Yeongtae era, Busan Municipal Museum, Busan

Designated November 29, 1986[edit]

234. Saddharmapundarika sutra in silver on indigo paper, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
235. Avatamsaka sutra in gold on indigo paper, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin

Designated March 9, 1987[edit]

236. West five storied pagoda of a temple site in Janghang-ri, Wolseong, Gyeongju.

Designated July 16, 1987[edit]

237. Gosan gugoksi hwabyeong, folding screen with calligraphy and painting, Goyang
238. Scrapbook of Prince Yi Yong, mid-15th century, Goyang

Designated December 26, 1987[edit]

239. Portrait of Song Siyeol, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
240. Portrait of Yun Duseo, Haenam County

Designated June 16, 1988[edit]

241. Mahaprajnaparamita Sutra, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin

Designated November 14, 1988[edit]

242. Silla monument in Bongpyeong, Uljin County

Designated December 28, 1988[edit]

243. Commentary on Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 11, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
244. Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 17, Myongji University Museum, Yongin
245. Index of Tripitaka volume 20, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
246. Daebojeokgyeong sutra, National Museum of Korea, Seoul

Designated April 10, 1989[edit]

247. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva in Uidang, Gongju

Designated August 1, 1989 or thereafter[edit]

No. 295 Crown of Baekje, Gilt-bronze crown from tumulus in Sinchon-ri, Naju.
No. 296 Five Buddhist paintings of Chiljangsa temple, Anseong
No. 317 Royal Portrait of King Taejo of Joseon, Jeonju-si, Jeollabuk-do
248. Map of Korea drawn during Joseon Period, Gwacheon
249. Donggwoldo, painting of a panoramic view for Changdeokgung and Changgyeonggung Palaces, Seoul
250. Certificate of meritorious subject for Yi Wongil for his distinguished service in helping to establish the Joseon Kingdom, Jung-gu, Seoul
251. Daeseung abidharma sutra, Jung-gu, Seoul
252. Porcelain bottle with lotus motif, Yongin
253. Celadon bowl inlaid peony design with relief lotus and arabesque designs, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
254. Celadon vase incised with lotus and branch designs, Jung-gu, Seoul
255. Bronze bells believed to be from Chungcheongnam-do, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin (4 subentries)
256. Avatamsaka sutra part 1, Gyeonggi Provincial Museum, Yongin
257. Avatamsaka sutra part 29, Guinsa temple, Danyang County
258. White porcelain bottle with bamboo motif, Yongin
259. Buncheong jar with dragon design, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
260. Buncheong jarabyeong vase with peony design in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
261. Two white porcelain jars, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
262. Large white porcelain jar, Uhak Culture Foundation, Seoul
263. Blue and white porcelain jar with landscape and flower and bird designs, Uhak Culture Foundation, Seoul
264. Stele of Naengsu-ri, Yeongil, Pohang
265. Avatamsaka sutra part 13, Jongno-gu, Seoul
266. Avatamsaka sutra part 2 and 75, Horim Museum, Seoul
267. Abidharma sutra part 12, Horim Museum, Seoul
268. Abidambipasa sutra 11,17, Horim Museum, Seoul
269. Maha sutra part 6, Horim Museum, Seoul
270. Celadon wine pot in the shape of monkey figure, Gansong Art Museum, Seoul
271. Commentary on Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 12, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
272. Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 32, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
273. Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 15, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
274. (Currently empty; formerly held by a bronze cannon from a turtle ship that was found to be fake)
275. Pottery in the shape of a man on horseback, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju
276. Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 53, Gacheon Museum, Incheon
277. Avatamsaka sutra part 36, Hansol Culture Foundation, Jeonju
278. Certificate of meritorious subject for Yi Hyeong in the eleventh year of the reign of King Taejong of Joseon, Yeongdong County
279. Avatamsaka sutra part 74, Guinsa, Danyang County
280. Bronze bell of Cheonheungsa temple at Mt. Seonggeosan, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
281. White porcelain wine pot, Horim Museum, Seoul
282. Seated wooden amitabha Buddha statue and accompanying relics at Heukseoksa temple, Yeongju (4 subentries)
283. Second edition of Tonggam, Gyeongju
284. Mahaprajnaparamita sutra part 162,170,463, Gangnam-gu, Seoul
285. Bangudae Petroglyphs in Daegok-ri, Ulsan
286. White porcelain bowl, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
287. Gilt-bronze Incense Burner of Baekje from Neungsan-ri, Buyeo National Museum, Buyeo County
288. Stone Buddhist relic box by King Wideok, Buyeo County[5]
289. Five storied stone pagoda in Wanggung-ri, Iksan
290. Daeungjeon Hall and stairs of Tongdosa temple, Yangsan
291. Yonggamsugyeong, Korea University, Seoul
292. Epistle commemorating the renovation of Sangwon Temple at Mount Odae, Pyeongchang County, Gangwon
293. Standing Gilt-bronze Avalokitesvara Bodhisttva statue, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
294. Blue and white porcelain jar with chrysanthemum designs underglaze iron, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul
295. A crown of Baekje, Gilt-bronze crown from tumulus in Sinchon-ri, Naju, in the National Museum of Korea, Seoul
296. Five Buddhist paintings of Chiljangsa temple, Anseong
297. Buddhist painting of Ansimsa temple, Cheongwon County
298. Buddhist painting of Gapsa temple, Gongju
299. Buddhist painting of Sinwonsa temple, Gongju
300. Buddhist painting of Janggoksa temple, Cheongyang County
301. Buddhist painting of Hwaeomsa temple, Gurye County
302. Buddhist painting of Cheonggoksa temple, Jinju
303. Diary report of Seungjeongwon, Seoul National University, Seoul
304. Yeosujinnamgwan Hall, Yeosu
305. Tongyeongsebyeonggwan, Tongyeong
306. Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms part 3, 4, 5
307. Rock-carved triad Buddha in Taean County
308. North rock-cut seated Maitreya buddha of Daeheungsa Temple, Haenam
309. Large Porcelain Jar, Seoul
310. Large Porcelain Jar, Seoul
311. Daeungjeon Hall of Bongjeongsa Temple, Andong
312. Seated buddha image carved on rock pillar near Chilburam Hermitage at Mt. Namsan in Gyeongju
313. Amitabna buddha wall painting in Geungnakjeon Hall of Muwisa Temple, Gangjin
314. Hwaeomtaeng painting in Hwaeomjeon Hall of Songgwangsa Temple, Suncheon
315. Stele accompanying stupa of buddhist priest Jijeungdaesa of Bongamsa Temple, Mungyeong
316. Geungnakjeon hall of Hwaeomsa, Wanju
317. Royal Portrait of King Taejo of Joseon, Jeonju-si, Jeollabuk-do

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ This list is drawn largely from the following: "Cultural properties search results". Cultural Heritage Administration website. Retrieved 2006-01-10.  Items missing from that list have been supplied from the Korean Wikipedia article.

  1. ^ "National Treasure (국보 國寶)" (in Korean). Empas/EncyKorea. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  2. ^ "Heritage classification". Cultural Heritage Administration. 
  3. ^ 監査院「国宝1号を変更すべき」 (in Japanese). Chosun Ilbo Japan. 2005-11-08. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 監査院は「日帝は1938年の『朝鮮宝物令』で文化財を指定した際、南大門を宝物1号に、現在の東大門(現在の宝物1号)を宝物2号に指定したが、光復 (独立)後も1962年にようやく国宝と宝物を指定した際、そのほとんどが日帝の宝物令にそのまま従って指定された」と明らかにした。 
  4. ^ "국보 (國寶 national treasure)" (in Korean). Yahoo! Korea Encyclopedia. 
  5. ^ kdaq.empas.com

References[edit]

  • National Museum of Korea, The (1985). Selected Treasures of National Museums of Korea. Seoul: Samhwa Publishing.

External links[edit]