Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität
The German Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität (NPE) – rendered in English as National Electric Mobility Platform (BMU) or National Platform for Electric Mobility (VDA, VW) or National Platform for Electromobility (BMW, Audi) – is a joint council of the German government covering electric vehicle introduction. It was officially established on 3. May 2010 during a meeting with German chancellor Angela Merkel including the heads of all car makers, industry providers, technical organizations and research associations in Germany. Its task is to drive the "Nationaler Entwicklungsplan Elektromobilität" / National Development Plan for Electric Mobility.
The foundation for the promotion of electric mobility in Germany was in the Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP) of the Federal Government decided in 2007. Concrete measures were proposed in connection with the National Strategy Conference on Electromobility at the end of 2008. First fundings followed under the second economic stimulus package in early 2009. Earlier to that the industry had formed a so-called Innovation Alliance "LIB 2015" where the industry consortium committed to invest 360 million euros for research and development of lithium-ion batteries.
The funding of the economic stimulus package brought up an amount of 500 million euros for projects in 15 topics. The lead on the projects were split across the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi), of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs (Germany) for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Education and Research (BMBF) and of Food, Agriculture and Be (BMELV). The actual implementation were mostly coordinated by partners like the VDI / VDE-IT that previously coordinated developments in electric tooling like batteries.
Annette Schavan, federal minister on research, unveiled in September 2009 the "Forum Elektromobilität" / Forum Electric Mobility as part of the System Research division of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. The forum was assigned to join the research and development efforts of public instituations as well as industrial partners. The offices in Darmstadt were funded with 30 millions from the economic stimulus package. These efforts are at the heart of the government plan later dubbed "Nationaler Entwicklungsplan Elektromobilität" / National Development Plan for Electric Mobility.
The National Development Plan for Electric Mobility came increasingly into the focus of the chancellery such that the "Gemeinsame Geschäftsstelle Elektromobilität der Bundesregierung" (GGEMO) / Joint Agency for Electric Mobility of the Federal Government was founded on 1. February 2010 under the auspices of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology and the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs. Already with its creation it called for the foundation of the National Platform on Electric Mobility on 3. May 2010. The GGEMO government office has coordinated a partnership program with the German car industry that was inaugurated as planned on 3. May 2010 in the German Chancellery under the announced name of "Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität" (NPE) / National Platform for Electric Mobility.
The NPE partnership is supposed to detail the plans for network evolution. The technical standardization part is mostly concentrated in the Deutsche Kommission Elektrotechnik (DKE) of the Association for Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies (VDE) – the Standardization Overview on E-Mobility shows a wide range of efforts from electric grid management to the charging station infrastructure to the car charger electronics. The NPE partnership has published an interim report on 30 November 2010 showing a test fleet of 2800 electric vehicles and 2500 charging stations in 8 test regions.
In the course of actions the German industry pledged to set up company-and cross-industry working groups and the creation of an interim report by the end of November 2010. The coordination committees of the NPE were able to over the expert knowledge of the existing working groups of the German Commission for Electrical Engineering (DKE) at the Association for Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies (VDE). The VDE Congress "E-mobility"in Leipzig on 8 / 9 November 2010 were used for the technical coordination, from which the interim report to the Federal Government was derived that describes the overall state of development and the expectations on e-mobility of the representatives of industry and research associations.
The second interim report is scheduled for publication on 6. May 2011. The report will refine the details on development options – in an early statement the German industry expressed the opinion that the current stimulation plan is insufficient to reach the defined goal of 1 million cars in Germany by 2020.
There are currently 7 working groups with each about 20 members. The working groups are coordinated by the Steering Committee, composed of mainly the working group chairs and representatives of the federal government. The National Platform for Electric Mobility has the task to shape the developments into the direction of concrete actions to achieve the objectives of the National Development Plan for Electric Mobility. On 30 November 2010 was the first interim report published.
The working groups are:
- Antriebstechnologie / drive technology
- Batterietechnologie / battery technology
- Ladeinfrastruktur und Netzintegration / charging infrastructure and network integration
- Normung, Standardisierung und Zertifizierung / standardisation and certification
- Materialien und Recycling / materials and recycling
- Nachwuchs und Qualifizierung / qualification and education advancements
- Rahmenbedingungen / framework development
The members of the steering committee:
- chair industry
- Henning Kagermann (acatech)
- chair government
- Rainer Bomba (State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development)
- Jochen Homann (State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology)
- Jürgen Becker (State Secretary, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety)
- Wolfgang Dehen (Siemens AG)
- Michael Dick (Audi AG)
- Klaus Draeger (BMW AG)
- Karl Joachim Ebeling (University of Ulm)
- Klaus Engel (Evonik Industries AG)
- Hans-Georg Frischkorn (Coordination Unit Industrialists Electric Mobility)
- Burkhard Göschel (Magna International Inc.)
- Berthold Huber (IG Metall)
- Hans-Peter Keitel (industry group Electric Mobility)
- Andreas Kreimeyer (BASF SE)
- Karsten Kroon (ThyssenKrupp AG)
- Klaus-Dieter Maubauch (E.ON AG)
- Karl-Thomas Neumann (Volkswagen AG)
- Ingrid Ott (GGEMO)
- Lars-Hendrik Röller (ESMT)
- Georg Schütte (State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Education and Research)
- Thomas Weber (Daimler AG)
- Matthias Wissmann (industry group Electric Mobility)
- Guido Zielke (GGEMO)
- Integriertes Energie- und Klimaprogramm (IEKP)
- Nationale Strategiekonferenz Elektromobilität
- „Lithium Ionen Batterie LIB 2015“
- Elektromobilität im Rahmen des Konjunkturpakets II
- VDI/VDE-IT: Projektträger Elektromobilität
- Forum-Elektromobilität, unterstützt vom Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
- Echo Online: Darmstadt. Schaltstelle für "Systemforschung Elektromobilität" vom 24. September 2009
- Annette Schavan: "Elektromobilität hat jetzt eine Adresse", Informationsdienst Wissenschaft, Pressemitteilung vom 9. September 2009
- Pressemeldung vom 1.2.2010 "Gemeinsame Geschäftsstelle Elektromobilität der Bundesregierung (GGEMO) nimmt Fahrt auf" "um das Ziel zu erreichen, Deutschland zu einem Leitmarkt für Elektromobilität zu entwickeln und bis 2020 eine Mio. Elektrofahrzeuge in Deutschland zu haben."
- Pressemitteilung vom 3.5.2010 "Etablierung der Nationalen Plattform Elektromobilität am 3. Mai 2010"
- "Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität kommt mit ihrer Arbeit gut voran", press release 217/2010, German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development, 28. July 2010
- "Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität legt Zwischenbericht vor", heise autos, 2. November 2010
- "Deutsche Industrie fordert Subventionen für Elektroautos", Heise Autos online, 18. April 2011