Nationalist People's Coalition
|Nationalist People's Coalition
Koalisyong Makabayan ng Bayan
|Leader||Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.|
|President||Frisco San Juan|
|Chairman||Faustino Dy Jr.|
|Secretary-General||Michael John Duavit|
|Split from||Nacionalista Party|
|Youth wing||NPC Youth|
|Seats in the Senate|
|Seats in the House of Representatives|
|Provincial vice governorships|
|Provincial board members|
The Party was founded in 1992 after some members of the Nacionalista Party led by then Rizal Governor Isidro Rodriguez bolted from the Nacionalista Party after some disagreements with Nacionalista party leader then Vice President Salvador Laurel in preparation for the 1992 Presidential elections. Members of the civil society including the business sector who called themselves as "Friends of Danding" invited business tycoon Eduardo "Danding" Cojuangco, a former associate of longterm authoritarian president Ferdinand Marcos, to run as President and Senator Joseph Estrada as Vice President. Cojuangco lost the Presidential race, finishing third while Estrada taking away the Vice Presidency by landslide.
NPC was a member of the Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP), the political vehicle of then Vice President Joseph Estrada in the 1998 Presidential elections. Both the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino, Partido ng Masang Pilipino and NPC were members of LAMMP.
NPC bolted the now-defunct LAMMP after Estrada was ousted by a military-backed civilian uprising in January 2001. When Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo assumed the Presidency, her "People Power Coalition," led by the Lakas-CMD party, became the dominant group in Congress. The 75-member Lakas party led the "Sunshine Coalition," which also included the 61-member Nationalist People’s Coalition, some members of the Liberal Party, and several other minor parties. The LDP party led the 20-member opposition bloc.
In 2004, the LDP and NPC sought a reunification to push the presidential bid of businessman Eduardo “Danding” Cojuangco. Cojuangco, the NPC chair, was fielded as NPC's standard bearer in the 2004 elections, but withdrew.
Results for the 2004 elections show that NPC had 0 seats for the Senate while for the House of Representatives, NPC had 53 seats.
In the 13th Congress of the Philippines, the ruling Lakas-CMD party led by Speaker Jose de Venecia Jr. renewed its partnership with the Nationalist People's Coalition even as an alternative coalition of administration-affiliated parties was shaping up.
In Background Note: Philippines, under Government and Political Relations, the U.S. Department of State writes: "Members of the Congress tend to have weak party loyalties and change party affiliation easily. There is no clear majority in the Senate, which changed its President in 2006."
1995 Senatorial Slate
The NPC formed a full 12-man Senatorial slate for the May 8, 1995 Midterm Legislative and Local elections, as it became a full-fledged opposition party against the administration of President Fidel V. Ramos. They ran against the administration-backed Lakas-Laban Coalition.
|Rosemarie Arenas||Nationalist People's Coalition||businesswoman and socialite|
|Gaudencio Beduya||Nationalist People's Coalition||former Representative from Cebu|
|Anna Dominique Coseteng||Nationalist People's Coalition||Senator|
|Amanda T. Cruz||Nationalist People's Coalition||businesswoman|
|Ramon Fernandez||Nationalist People's Coalition||professional basketball player|
|Gregorio Honasan||Independent||former military colonel|
|Ferdinand Marcos, Jr.||Kilusang Bagong Lipunan||Representative from Ilocos Norte and son of former President Ferdinand Marcos|
|Adelisa A. Raymundo||Nationalist People's Coalition||former Sectoral Representative from the Labor sector|
|Manuel C. Roxas||Nationalist People's Coalition||lawyer|
|Almarin C. Tillah||Nationalist People's Coalition||Chairman of the Bangsamoro National Congress|
|Arturo Tolentino||Nationalist People's Coalition||Senator|
|Miriam Defensor-Santiago||People's Reform Party||former Bureau of Immigration and Deportation Commissioner and 1992 Presidential candidate|
The party only got 3 out of 12 possible seats in the Senate namely: (in order of votes received)
- Miriam Defensor-Santiago
- Gregorio Honasan
- Anna Dominique Coseteng
The NPC Today
- Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. - NPC Chairman Emeritus
- Faustino Dy, Jr. - former governor of Isabela. NPC Chairman
- Frisco F. San Juan - NPC President
- Michael John Duavit - Former Representative From Rizal NPC Secretary General
- Arthur Y. Pingoy, Jr. - Former Representative and Governor of South Cotabato
- Vicente Sotto III, Senator From Quezon City
- Teresa Aquino-Oreta, Former Senator and Former Representative of Malabon-Navotas Lone district.
- Joseph Ace Durano, Former Tourism Secretary and Former Representative of Cebu Former NPC spokesperson
- Avelino Razon, Jr., Former Philippine National Police chief and former Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process
- Anthony Golez, Representative from Bacolod City and Former Deputy Presidential Spokesperson.
- Ernesto Maceda - Former Senate President, President Emeritus of NPC
- Estelito Mendoza - Marcos Lawyer
- Darlene Antonino-Custodio - Former Representative of South Cotabato, Mayor of General Santos City, Deputy Minority Leader
- Daisy Avance-Fuentes - Representative and Former Governor of South Cotabato
- Atty. Sixto Brillantes, NPC General Counsel, Lawyer of Loren Legarda, Chairman of the Commission on Elections
- Loren Legarda - Senator
- Anna Dominique Coseteng - Former Senator
- Sherwin T. Gatchalian - Mayor and Former Representative of Valenzuela City
- Francis Nepomuceno - Former Mayor of Angeles City and Former Representative of Pampanga
- Vic Amante, Mayor of San Pablo City
- Evelio Leonardia, Mayor of Bacolod City
- Joan V. Alarilla, Mayor of Meycauayan City
- Angelito Gatlabayan, Representative, 2nd District of Antipolo City, Former Mayor of Antipolo City
- Luis Asistio, Former Representative of Caloocan
- Enrique Murphy Cojuangco, Congressman of Tarlac
- Claude Bautista, former Congressman of Davao del Sur
- Emmanuel "Manny" Pinol, former Governor of North Cotabato
- Pedro Acharon, Representative of South Cotabato, Former Mayor Of General Santos
- Juan Ponce "Jack" Enrile Jr., representative from Cagayan (also with the United Nationalist Alliance
- Eleanor Bulut-Begtang, Representative of Apayao, Former Municipal Mayor Of Calanasan, Apayao
Notable Former Members
- Gilbert Teodoro, Defense Secretary and former Tarlac representative (Moved to Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
- Francis "Chiz" Escudero - Senator and former Representative of the first district of Sorsogon; former NPC spokesperson (party member from 1998–2009)
- Toby Tiangco - Mayor of Navotas City (Moved to PMP)
- Joey Medina - Mayor of Pateros (Moved to Nacionalista)
- Richard Gomez - actor (Moved to LP)
- Mary Ann Susano, Representative of Quezon City (Moved to PMP)
As the build-up to the 2010 presidential elections progresses, there are talks that Escudero has been given the nod of the party leaders as its standard-bearer, with Legarda being his running-mate, although the latter said that she won't settle for any other position than the presidency. Escudero further stressed that he will not entertain any possible alliance with the Arroyo administration forces, thus beleaguering the NPC's status as one of the coalition partners of the Arroyo administration, as he is hell-bent in transforming the supposedly largely pro-administration NPC into an opposition party.
However, all these will remain in the backseat as Escudero announced his sudden resignation from the party, and at the same time asked the public for more time to decide on whether he would pursue his thrice-postponed presidential bid.
Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2010
- Loren Legarda – Vice Presidential Candidate (Guest Candidate from Nacionalista Party and LDP) (lost)
- Senatorial Slate (3)
- Miriam Defensor Santiago (Running under the PRP and guest candidate of Lakas Kampi CMD, LDP, Nacionalista Party and PMP) (won)
- Rodolfo Plaza (Guest Candidate from PMP) (lost)
- Vicente Sotto III (won)
Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2013
Senatorial Slate (2)
- Loren Legarda - Guest Candidate from Liberal Party (Philippines)/Team PNoy (won)
- Jack Enrile - Guest Candidate from Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino/United Nationalist Alliance (lost)
- Edward Hagedorn - Running as independent (lost)
|Election||Candidate||Number of votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election|
|1992||Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.||4,116,376||18.17%||Lost|
|1998||Supported Joseph Estrada who won|
|2004||Supported Fernando Poe, Jr. who lost|
|2010||Supported Benigno Aquino III who won|
|Election||Candidate||Number of votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election|
|1992||Supported Joseph Estrada who won|
|1998||Supported Edgardo Angara who lost|
|2004||Supported Loren Legarda who lost|
|Election||Number of votes||Share of votes||Seats won||Seats after||Outcome of election|
|1998||9,242,652||4.5%||Members of the LAMMP coalition||Won|
House of Representatives
|Election||Number of votes||Share of votes||Seats||Outcome of election|
|2010||5,450,135||15.97%||Liberal Party-led coalition|
- "A political party that does not touch and improve the lives of the people has no reason to exist." - Eduardo "Danding" Cojuangco
- Guillermo, Artemio R. (2012), Historical dictionary of the Philippines (Third ed.), Scarecrow Press, p. 304
- "Philippines", World Encyclopedia of Political Systems and Parties (Facts On File), 1999: 887
- Perron, Louis (2009), "Election Campaigns in the Philippines", Routledge Handbook of Political Management (Routledge): 361
- Day, Alan John (2002), Political Parties of the World, John Harper Publishing, p. 377
- NPC Party History NPC website Retrieved 17 December 2006.
- Angara party roots for Danding Manila Standard Today Retrieved 8 December 2006.
- Background Note: Philippines U.S. Department of State Retrieved 9 December 2006.
- Introduction: Philippines CIA -The World Fact Book Retrieved 10 December 2006.
- Lakas, NPC renew coalition in House Philippine Daily Inquirer Retrieved December, 2006.
- See Philippine general election, 2007.
- Chiz-Loren Tandem?Tempo Retrieved August 11, 2009.
- Escudero leaves NPC, ABS-CBNnews.com Retrieved October 28, 2009.