Nationalist People's Coalition

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Nationalist People's Coalition
Leader Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.
President Frisco San Juan
Chairman Faustino Dy Jr.
Secretary-General Michael John Duavit
Founded 1992[1]
Split from Nacionalista Party
Headquarters Pasig City
Newspaper NPC Herald
Youth wing NPC Youth
Ideology Conservatism[2][3]
International affiliation None
Colors Green
Seats in the Senate
2 / 24
Seats in the House of Representatives
39 / 292
Provincial governorships
13 / 80
Provincial vice governorships
12 / 80
Provincial board members
104 / 926
Website
www.npcparty.org
Politics of Philippines
Political parties
Elections

The Nationalist People's Coalition or NPC is a conservative political party in the Philippines, founded in 1992 by then presidential candidate Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.

History[edit]

The Party was founded in 1992 after some members of the Nacionalista Party led by then Rizal Governor Isidro Rodriguez bolted from the Nacionalista Party after some disagreements with Nacionalista party leader then Vice President Salvador Laurel in preparation for the 1992 Presidential elections. Members of the civil society including the business sector who called themselves as "Friends of Danding" invited business tycoon Eduardo "Danding" Cojuangco, a former associate of longterm authoritarian president Ferdinand Marcos,[4] to run as President and Senator Joseph Estrada as Vice President. Cojuangco lost the Presidential race, finishing third while Estrada taking away the Vice Presidency by landslide.[5]

NPC was a member of the Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP), the political vehicle of then Vice President Joseph Estrada in the 1998 Presidential elections.[6] Both the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino, Partido ng Masang Pilipino and NPC were members of LAMMP.

NPC bolted the now-defunct LAMMP after Estrada was ousted by a military-backed civilian uprising in January 2001.[6] When Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo assumed the Presidency, her "People Power Coalition," led by the Lakas-CMD party, became the dominant group in Congress.[7] The 75-member Lakas party led the "Sunshine Coalition," which also included the 61-member Nationalist People’s Coalition, some members of the Liberal Party, and several other minor parties.[7] The LDP party led the 20-member opposition bloc.[7]

In 2004, the LDP and NPC sought a reunification to push the presidential bid of businessman Eduardo “Danding” Cojuangco. Cojuangco, the NPC chair, was fielded as NPC's standard bearer in the 2004 elections, but withdrew.

Results for the 2004 elections show that NPC had 0 seats for the Senate while for the House of Representatives, NPC had 53 seats.[8]

In the 13th Congress of the Philippines, the ruling Lakas-CMD party led by Speaker Jose de Venecia Jr. renewed its partnership with the Nationalist People's Coalition even as an alternative coalition of administration-affiliated parties was shaping up.[9]

In Background Note: Philippines, under Government and Political Relations, the U.S. Department of State writes: "Members of the Congress tend to have weak party loyalties and change party affiliation easily. There is no clear majority in the Senate, which changed its President in 2006."[7]

1995 Senatorial Slate[edit]

The NPC formed a full 12-man Senatorial slate for the May 8, 1995 Midterm Legislative and Local elections, as it became a full-fledged opposition party against the administration of President Fidel V. Ramos. They ran against the administration-backed Lakas-Laban Coalition.

Candidate Party Occupation
Rosemarie Arenas Nationalist People's Coalition businesswoman and socialite
Gaudencio Beduya Nationalist People's Coalition former Representative from Cebu
Anna Dominique Coseteng Nationalist People's Coalition Senator
Amanda T. Cruz Nationalist People's Coalition businesswoman
Ramon Fernandez Nationalist People's Coalition professional basketball player
Gregorio Honasan Independent former military colonel
Ferdinand Marcos, Jr. Kilusang Bagong Lipunan Representative from Ilocos Norte and son of former President Ferdinand Marcos
Adelisa A. Raymundo Nationalist People's Coalition former Sectoral Representative from the Labor sector
Manuel C. Roxas Nationalist People's Coalition lawyer
Almarin C. Tillah Nationalist People's Coalition Chairman of the Bangsamoro National Congress
Arturo Tolentino Nationalist People's Coalition Senator
Miriam Defensor-Santiago People's Reform Party former Bureau of Immigration and Deportation Commissioner and 1992 Presidential candidate

Results[edit]

The party only got 3 out of 12 possible seats in the Senate namely: (in order of votes received)

  • Miriam Defensor-Santiago
  • Gregorio Honasan
  • Anna Dominique Coseteng

The NPC Today[edit]

In the 14 May 2007 election, the party won 26 seats.[10]

Members[edit]

Notable Former Members[edit]

As the build-up to the 2010 presidential elections progresses, there are talks that Escudero has been given the nod of the party leaders as its standard-bearer, with Legarda being his running-mate, although the latter said that she won't settle for any other position than the presidency. Escudero further stressed that he will not entertain any possible alliance with the Arroyo administration forces, thus beleaguering the NPC's status as one of the coalition partners of the Arroyo administration, as he is hell-bent in transforming the supposedly largely pro-administration NPC into an opposition party.[11]

However, all these will remain in the backseat as Escudero announced his sudden resignation from the party, and at the same time asked the public for more time to decide on whether he would pursue his thrice-postponed presidential bid.[12]

Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2010[edit]

Senatorial Slate (3)

Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2013[edit]

Senatorial Slate (2)

Electoral performance[edit]

President[edit]

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election
1992 Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. 4,116,376 18.17% Lost
1998 Supported Joseph Estrada who won
2004 Split*
2010 Did not support

Supported either Gloria Macapagal Arroyo or Fernando Poe, Jr. who won and lost respectively

Vice President[edit]

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election
1992 Supported Joseph Estrada who won
1998 Supported Edgardo Angara who lost
2004 Split
2010 Loren Legarda 4,294,664 12.21% Lost

Supported either Noli de Castro or Loren Legarda who won and lost respectively

Senate[edit]

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats won Seats after Outcome of election
1992 48,956,459 17.7%
0 / 12
5 / 24
Lost
1995 28,452,737 15.8%
1 / 12
2 / 24
Lost
1998 9,242,652 4.5%
1 / 12
Members of the LAMMP coalition Won
2001 N/A
1 / 24
Lost
2004 9,944,328 15.8%
0 / 12
0 / 24
Lost
2007 48,766,327 18.1%
0 / 12
2 / 24
Nacionalista-led coalition
2010 13,409,616 4.51%
1 / 12
2 / 24
PMP-led coalition
2013 29,902,207 10.15%
1 / 12
2 / 24
Liberal Party-led coalition

House of Representatives[edit]

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats Outcome of election
1992 3,478,780 18.7%
30 / 199
Lakas-NUCD-UMDP-led coalition
1995 2,342,378 12.2%
22 / 204
Lakas-NUCD-UMDP-led coalition
1998 998,239 4.1%
9 / 221
LAMMP-led coalition
2001
40 / 219
Lost
2004
53 / 237
Lost
2007
28 / 271
Lakas-CMD-led coalition
2010 5,450,135 15.97%
29 / 287
Liberal Party-led coalition
2013 4,800,907 17.40%
43 / 292
Liberal Party-led coalition

Current Composition[edit]

This is the Current member of NPC in the 16th Congress

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Quote[edit]

  • "A political party that does not touch and improve the lives of the people has no reason to exist." - Eduardo "Danding" Cojuangco

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guillermo, Artemio R. (2012), Historical dictionary of the Philippines (Third ed.), Scarecrow Press, p. 304 
  2. ^ Philippines, World Encyclopedia of Political Systems and Parties (Facts On File), 1999: 887 
  3. ^ Perron, Louis (2009), Election Campaigns in the Philippines, Routledge Handbook of Political Management (Routledge): 361 
  4. ^ Day, Alan John (2002), Political Parties of the World, John Harper Publishing, p. 377 
  5. ^ NPC Party History NPC website Retrieved 17 December 2006.
  6. ^ a b Angara party roots for Danding Manila Standard Today Retrieved 8 December 2006.
  7. ^ a b c d Background Note: Philippines U.S. Department of State Retrieved 9 December 2006.
  8. ^ Introduction: Philippines CIA -The World Fact Book Retrieved 10 December 2006.
  9. ^ Lakas, NPC renew coalition in House Philippine Daily Inquirer Retrieved December, 2006.
  10. ^ See Philippine general election, 2007.
  11. ^ Chiz-Loren Tandem?Tempo Retrieved August 11, 2009.
  12. ^ Escudero leaves NPC, ABS-CBNnews.com Retrieved October 28, 2009.

External links[edit]