Xfinity Series

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Xfinity Series
Xfinity Series logo.png
Category Stock cars
Country United States
Inaugural season 1982
Constructors Chevrolet · Ford · Toyota · Dodge
Tire suppliers Goodyear
Drivers' champion Chase Elliott
Teams' champion Team Penske
Makes' champion Ford
Official website Nationwide Series
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

The NASCAR Xfinity Series is a stock car racing series owned and operated by the National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing. It is promoted as NASCAR's "minor league" circuit, and is a proving ground for drivers who wish to step up to the organization's "big leagues"; the Sprint Cup Series circuit. Xfinity Series races are frequently held in the same venue as, and a day prior to, the Sprint Cup race scheduled for that weekend, encouraging fans to attend both events.

The series was previously called the Sportsman Late Model Series in 1982 and 1983, the NASCAR Busch Grand National Series from 1984 through 2003, the NASCAR Busch Series from 2004 through 2007, and the NASCAR Nationwide Series from 2008 through 2014.[1][2]

History[edit]

The Busch Series field following the pace car at Texas in April 2007.

The series emerged from NASCAR's Sportsman division, which had been formed in 1950 as NASCAR's short track race division. It was NASCAR's fourth series (after the Modified and Roadster series in 1948 and Strictly Stock in 1949). The sportsman cars were not current model cars and could be modified more, but not as much as Modified series cars.[3] It became the Late Model Sportsman series in 1968, and soon featured races on larger tracks such as Daytona International Speedway. Drivers used obsolete Grand National (now Sprint Cup) cars on larger tracks but by the inception of the touring format in 1982, the series used older compact cars. Short track cars with relatively small 300 cubic inch V-8 motors were used. Drivers used smaller current year models featuring V6 motors.

NASCAR Busch Series logo from 2004–2007
NASCAR Nationwide Series logo from 2008–2014

The modern-day Nationwide Series was formed in 1982, when Anheuser-Busch sponsored a newly reformed late-model sportsman series with its Budweiser brand. The series switched sponsorship to Busch in 1984. It was renamed in 1986 to the Busch Grand National Series.

Grand National was dropped from the series' title in 2003 as part of NASCAR's brand identity (the Grand National name was now used for the Busch East and Winston West series as part of a nationwide standardization of rules for NASCAR's regional racing). Following the 2007 season, Anheuser-Busch, makers of the Busch brand of beer, said they would not renew their contract with NASCAR. In 2008 Nationwide Insurance became the title sponsor of the "NASCAR Nationwide Series".[4]

The Nationwide sponsorship is a seven-year contract, which coincides with NASCAR's current broadcast contract with ABC/ESPN. The Nationwide sponsorship does not include the banking and mortgage departments of Nationwide. The sponsorship reportedly carried a $10 million commitment for 2008, with 6% annual escalations thereafter.[5] In addition to the direct cost of sponsorship, Nationwide has made an additional commitment of between $4 million and $5 million in advertisement buys on ESPN.

On September 3, 2014, it was announced that Comcast will sponsor the series for ten years under their Xfinity branding and be known from the 2015 season on as the NASCAR Xfinity Series, equal to the ten-year broadcast agreement for their NBC and NBCSN networks to broadcast NASCAR races.[6]

Races held outside of the USA[edit]

On March 6, 2005, the Series held its first race outside the United States, the Telcel-Motorola 200. The race was held in Mexico City, Mexico at the Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez, a track that has held Formula One and Champ Car races in the past. It was won by Martin Truex, Jr. On August 4, 2007, the Series held its second race outside of the United States, at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal, Quebec, another road course. It was won by Kevin Harvick, while Quebec native Patrick Carpentier finished second. In July 2008 NASCAR announced that the Nationwide Series would not return to Mexico City in 2009, and in 2012 they announced that it would not be returning to Montreal in 2013.

Television broadcasting[edit]

United States[edit]

Until 2000, the Busch Grand National Series was carried on a number of both cable and broadcast networks that had deals with the series tracks. Most standalone races were aired on TNN, while races that were companion races with Winston Cup dates aired on the network airing the Cup race. TNN aired some of these races, which also aired on CBS, NBC, ESPN, ABC and TBS.

From 2001 until 2006, Fox Sports covered the entire first half of the Busch Grand National season, while NBC and TNT both aired races during the second half, with Turner Sports producing all the coverage for both networks. However, in even numbered years, coverage was changed, with the opening race at Daytona airing on NBC in 2004, on TNT in 2002 and 2006 and the track's July race airing on Fox. Large portions of Fox's coverage aired on sister network FX, with a few marquee events on the network itself.

From 2007 until 2014, ESPN was the home of the renamed Nationwide Series. Generally four races per season aired on ABC, with the remainder on ESPN, ESPN2, and ESPNews. Early in ESPN's run, ESPN Classic was used for NNS overflow, however with less carriage of that network, this practice ended. Fox Sports did make a one-time return to the series, airing the 2011 Bubba Burger 250 at Richmond on Speed Channel, due to ESPN giving up its exclusive rights to the race because of programming conflicts.

In 2015, the Xfinity Series will return to Fox Sports during the first half of the season. Like the previous time Fox held rights to the series, most of the coverage will air on cable, though this time it will air on Fox Sports 1. Four races will air on Fox itself. The second half of the Xfinity Series season will be televised by NBC Sports. Four races will air on NBC itself, while the others will air on NBCSN.

Latin America[edit]

The Nationwide Series is available in most Latin American countries on cable and satellite TV. Since 2006, Fox Sports 3 (formerly called SPEED until 2013) carries live coverage of all events. The races are also shown on Fox Sports Latin America, some of them live and some tape-delayed depending on the network's schedule. Televisa Deportes also broadcasts a 30-minute recap every Sunday morning on national television in Mexico.

Australia[edit]

Network Ten's additional high-definition service, ONE, began broadcasting races from the Nationwide Series live or near live during the 2008 season. Previously, broadcasts of the series were carried on the Fox Sports now airs on Speed (TV channel) (Australia) pay TV channel.

Canada[edit]

All races are live on TSN1, TSN2, TSN3, TSN4, and/or TSN5 using ESPN's coverage. FOX and NBC's coverage will be use starting in 2015. Also, races are broadcast on RDS or RDS2 in French using the world feed produce by NASCAR.

Europe[edit]

Since 2012, Motors TV is broadcasting all the Nationwide races live, delayed and highlights.

Buschwhackers (claim jumpers)[edit]

Main article: Buschwhacker
2009 Nationwide Series car of Sprint Cup Series regular Kyle Busch, who won the Nationwide Series championship that year

Since the early days of the Nationwide Series, many Sprint Cup drivers have used their days off to drive in the Nationwide Series. This can be for any number of reasons, most prominent or often claimed is to gain more "seat time", or to familiarize themselves with the track. Examples of this would be the first ever winner of a Nationwide Series race (Dale Earnhardt) and the winner of the most races in Nationwide Series history (Kyle Busch).

In recent years, this practice had been termed "Buschwhacking" by those who criticize it. The colloquialism originated from the words "Busch" and "bushwhacker" during the days when Anheuser-Busch was the main sponsor of the series but it has gradually fallen out of use since Nationwide took over as title sponsor, although a new, insurance-related term, claim jumper, was later used.

Critics claim that Sprint Cup drivers racing in the Nationwide Series takes away opportunities from the Nationwide Series regulars, usually younger and less experienced drivers. On the other hand, many fans claim that without the Sprint Cup stars and the large amount of fan interest they attract on their own races, the Nationwide Series would be inadequate as a high-tier division. In addition, many Nationwide Series drivers have welcomed the Cup drivers because it gives them the opportunity to drive with more seasoned veterans.[7]

In 2007, the Sprint Cup Series began racing with the Car of Tomorrow, a radically new specification different from the Nationwide Series. Sprint Cup drivers have admitted that driving the Nationwide car the day before the race does not help much with the Sprint Cup race because the cars drive so differently. This may change with the new Nationwide Series car making its debut in the July 2010 Daytona race. This car has a set-up closer to the current Cup car and some Cup drivers who have tested the car say it has similar handling characteristics. The new car has gone full-time since the 2011 season. In 2007, six out of the top ten drivers in the final point standings were Cup regulars, with Jason Leffler being the only non-Cup driver in that group to win a race in 2007. This number decreased from 2006 when 8 out of 10 drivers were Cup regulars. The decreased number is attributed to Cup regulars running only partial schedules, allowing for more Nationwide regulars to reach the top ten in points. However, the champions from 2006 to 2010 were all Cup regulars driving the full series schedule (Kevin Harvick, Carl Edwards, Clint Bowyer, Kyle Busch, and Brad Keselowski). As a result, starting with the 2011 season, NASCAR implemented a rule that stated that a driver could only race for the drivers' championship in one of three national series (Sprint Cup, Nationwide, and Camping World Truck) of the drivers' choosing.

Xfinity Series cars[edit]

Comparison with a Sprint Cup Car[edit]

With the advent of NASCAR's Car of Tomorrow, Xfinity Series cars have become very different from their Sprint Cup Series counterparts, the main differences being a slightly shorter wheelbase (105" instead of 110"), 100 pounds less weight, and a less powerful engine. In the past, Xfinity Series competitors could use makes of cars not used in the Cup series, as well as V-6 engines instead of Cup's V-8s.

In the early '80s, teams were switching from the General Motors 1971–77 X-Body compact cars, with a 311-cubic inch engines. Later, teams were using General Motors 1982–87 G-body cars. Ford teams have used the Thunderbird cars consistently.

In 1989, NASCAR changed rules requiring cars to use current body styles, similar to the Sprint Cup cars. However, the cars still used V6 engines. The cars gradually changed to cars similar to Cup cars.

In 1995, changes were made. The series switched to V-8s with a compression ratio of 9:1 (as opposed to 14:1 for Cup at the time). The vehicle weight with driver was set at 3,300 pounds (as opposed to 3,400 for Cup). The body style changes, as well as the introduction of V-8s, made the two series' cars increasingly similar.

The suspensions, brake systems, transmissions, are identical between each series. The Car of Tomorrow does eliminate some of these similarities. The Car of Tomorrow is taller and wider than the current generation vehicles in the Nationwide Series and utilizes a front splitter opposed to a front valance. The Car of Tomorrow has also been setting pole speeds slower than the Nationwide Series cars at companion races.[8]

Previously, Xfinity Series cars used fuel that contained lead. NASCAR conducted a three-race test of unleaded fuel in this series that began with the July 29, 2006 race at Gateway International Raceway. The fuel, Sunoco GT 260 Unleaded, became mandatory in all series starting with the second weekend of the 2007 series, as Daytona was the last race weekend with leaded fuel.

Another distinction between the cars became clear in 2008. NASCAR had developed rain tires for road course racing in both series, but never had to use them in race conditions. The program was abandoned by the Sprint Cup Series in 2005, but the Nationwide Series continued to use rain tires in races at Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez and Circuit Gilles Villeneuve since the races could not be planned with rain dates. When rain started to fall at the 2008 NAPA Auto Parts 200, the tires were given their first laps in the rain.[9]

A new distinction was added in 2012 when NASCAR changed the fuel delivery system in Cup cars from carburetion to fuel injection. Xfinity Series cars are still carbureted.

Specifications[edit]

NASCAR officials are using a template to inspect Casey Atwood's 2004 Xfinity Series car
  • Chassis: Steel tube frame with safety roll cage, must be NASCAR standards
  • Engine Displacement: 5,800 cc (5.8 L; 353.9 cu in) Pushrod V8
  • Transmission: 4-speed manual
  • Weight: 3,200 lb (1,451 kg) minimum (without driver); 3,400 lb (1,542 kg) minimum (with driver)
  • Power Output: 650–700 hp (485–522 kw) unrestricted, ≈450 hp (335 kW) restricted
  • Torque: 700 N·m (520 ft·lb)
  • Fuel: 98 octane unleaded gasoline provided by Sunoco
  • Fuel capacity: 18 US gal (68 L)
  • Fuel delivery: Carburetion
  • Compression ratio: 12:1
  • Aspiration: Naturally aspirated
  • Carburetor size: 390 ft³/min (184 L/s) 4 barrel
  • Wheelbase: 105 in (2,667 mm)
  • Steering: Power, recirculating ball
  • Tires: Slick tires and rain tires provided by Goodyear
  • Length: 203.75 in (5,175 mm)
  • Width: 75 in (1,905 mm)
  • Height: 51 in (1,295 mm)
  • Safety equipment: HANS device, seat belt 6-point supplied by Willans

Nationwide "Car of Tomorrow" (CoT)[edit]

2010 Nationwide Car of Tomorrow.

The NASCAR Nationwide Series unveiled its "Car of Tomorrow" (CoT) at the July 2010 race at Daytona International Speedway. Before being fully integrated in the 2011 season, it was also used in 2010 races at Michigan International Speedway, Richmond International Raceway and Charlotte Motor Speedway.[10] The body and aerodynamic package is different than the Sprint Cup Series cars.[11] The Nationwide CoT has important differences from the Sprint Cup CoT, and the current Nationwide car. The Nationwide CoT shares its chassis with the Sprint Cup CoT, but not the body because its wheelbase has been extended to 110 inches (2794 millimeters).

The body also has differences between each manufacturer, but still within strict aerodynamic guidelines provided by NASCAR. The Chevrolet car body resembles the Camaro, the Dodge body the Challenger, the Ford body the Mustang and the Toyota body the Camry.[12]

Manufacturer representation[edit]

Budweiser Late Model Sportsman Series (1982–1983)[edit]

Chrysler
Ford
General Motors

Busch Grand National Series (1984–2003)[edit]

Chrysler
Ford
General Motors

Busch Series (2004–2007)[edit]

Chrysler
Ford
General Motors
Toyota

Nationwide Series (2008–2014)[edit]

Chrysler
Ford
General Motors
Toyota

Past champions[edit]

Nationwide Series Champions

Carl Edwards celebrating his 2007 Busch Series championship

Busch Series Champions

Busch Series Grand National Division Champions

Busch Grand National Series Champions

Budweiser Late Model Sportsman Series Champions

Late Model Sportsman Division Champions

Sportsman Division Champions

Nationwide Series Rookie of the Year Award winners[edit]

Nationwide Series all-time win table[edit]

All figures correct as of the 2014 Ford EcoBoost 300 at Homestead-Miami Speedway (November 15, 2014).[13]

     Indicates driver is competing part-time in the 2014 season.
     Indicates driver is competing full-time in the 2014 season.
     Indicates driver has been inducted into the NASCAR Hall of Fame.
Driver
Wins
Busch, KyleKyle Busch 70
Martin, MarkMark Martin 49
Harvick, KevinKevin Harvick 44
Edwards, CarlCarl Edwards 38
Keselowski, BradBrad Keselowski 32
Ingram, JackJack Ingram 31
Kenseth, MattMatt Kenseth 29
Burton, JeffJeff Burton 27
Houston, TommyTommy Houston 24
Earnhardt, Jr., DaleDale Earnhardt, Jr. 23
Ard, SamSam Ard 22
Ellis, TommyTommy Ellis 22
Earnhardt, DaleDale Earnhardt 21
Gant, HarryHarry Gant 21
Logano, JoeyJoey Logano 21
Biffle, GregGreg Biffle 20
Green, JeffJeff Green 16
Nemechek, JoeJoe Nemechek 16
Bodine, ToddTodd Bodine 15
Lajoie, RandyRandy Lajoie 15
Pearson, LarryLarry Pearson 15
Shepherd, MorganMorgan Shepherd 15
Truex Jr., MartinMartin Truex Jr. 13
Waltrip, DarrellDarrell Waltrip 13
Spencer, JimmyJimmy Spencer 12
Bown, ChuckChuck Bown 11
Grissom, SteveSteve Grissom 11
Hamlin, DennyDenny Hamlin 11
Jarrett, DaleDale Jarrett 11
Labonte, TerryTerry Labonte 11
Stewart, TonyTony Stewart 11
Waltrip, MichaelMichael Waltrip 11
Keller, JasonJason Keller 10
Labonte, BobbyBobby Labonte 10
Pressley, RobertRobert Pressley 10
Sadler, ElliottElliott Sadler 10
Green, DavidDavid Green 9
Hensley, JimmyJimmy Hensley 9
Mast, RickRick Mast 9
Wallace, KennyKenny Wallace 9
Bowyer, ClintClint Bowyer 8
Kahne, KaseyKasey Kahne 8
McMurray, JamieJamie McMurray 8
Stenhouse Jr., RickyRicky Stenhouse Jr. 8
Newman, RyanRyan Newman 7
Bodine, GeoffGeoff Bodine 6
Lindley, ButchButch Lindley 6
Little, ChadChad Little 6
McLaughlin, MikeMike McLaughlin 6
Moroso, RobRob Moroso 6
Wimmer, ScottScott Wimmer 6
Ambrose, MarcosMarcos Ambrose 5
Bodine, BrettBrett Bodine 5
Busch, KurtKurt Busch 5
Gordon, JeffJeff Gordon 5
Hamilton Jr., BobbyBobby Hamilton Jr. 5
Burton, WardWard Burton 4
Craven, RickyRicky Craven 4
Fedewa, TimTim Fedewa 4
Fellows, RonRon Fellows 4
Hornaday Jr., RonRon Hornaday Jr. 4
Purvis, JeffJeff Purvis 4
Riggs, ScottScott Riggs 4
Smith, ReganRegan Smith 4
Sorenson, ReedReed Sorenson 4
Wallace, MikeMike Wallace 4
Allgaier, JustinJustin Allgaier 3
Benson, JohnnyJohnny Benson 3
Elliott, ChaseChase Elliott 3
Hornish, Jr., SamSam Hornish, Jr. 3
Irvan, ErnieErnie Irvan 3
Ottinger, L.D.L.D. Ottinger 3
Park, SteveSteve Park 3
Sauter, JohnnyJohnny Sauter 3
Vickers, BrianBrian Vickers 3
Alexander, MikeMike Alexander 2
Allison, BobbyBobby Allison 2
Allmendinger, A. J.A. J. Allmendinger 2
Atwood, CaseyCasey Atwood 2
Bayne, TrevorTrevor Bayne 2
Blaney, RyanRyan Blaney 2
Bliss, MikeMike Bliss 2
Bouchard, RonRon Bouchard 2
Dillon, AustinAustin Dillon 2
Gaughan, BrendanBrendan Gaughan 2
Hillin, BobbyBobby Hillin 2
Jones, BuckshotBuckshot Jones 2
Larson, KyleKyle Larson 2
Leffler, JasonJason Leffler 2
Lepage, KevinKevin Lepage 2
Marlin, SterlingSterling Marlin 2
Menard, PaulPaul Menard 2
Miller, ButchButch Miller 2
Parker Jr., HankHank Parker Jr. 2
Parsons, PhilPhil Parsons 2
Ragan, DavidDavid Ragan 2
Richmond, TimTim Richmond 2
Rumley, JohnnyJohnny Rumley 2
Sadler, HermieHermie Sadler 2
Sawyer, EltonElton Sawyer 2
Schrader, KenKen Schrader 2
Setzer, DennisDennis Setzer 2
Silver, RonnieRonnie Silver 2
Trickle, DickDick Trickle 2
Wilson, RickRick Wilson 2
Almirola, AricAric Almirola 1
Aube, JamieJamie Aube 1
Berrier, EdEd Berrier 1
Bessey, JoeJoe Bessey 1
Blaney, DaveDave Blaney 1
Bonnett, NeilNeil Bonnett 1
Buescher, ChrisChris Buescher 1
Buescher, JamesJames Buescher 1
Cooper, RonaldRonald Cooper 1
Cope, DerrikeDerrike Cope 1
Dillon, TyTy Dillon 1
Dotter, BobbyBobby Dotter 1
Elliott, BillBill Elliott 1
Fuller, JeffJeff Fuller 1
Gilliland, DavidDavid Gilliland 1
Gordon, RobbyRobby Gordon 1
Hamilton, BobbyBobby Hamilton 1
Johnson, JimmieJimmie Johnson 1
Labonte, JustinJustin Labonte 1
Leicht, StephenStephen Leicht 1
Leslie, TracyTracy Leslie 1
McCabe, DickDick McCabe 1
Mears, CaseyCasey Mears 1
Montoya, Juan PabloJuan Pablo Montoya 1
Pearson, DavidDavid Pearson 1
Piquet, Jr., NelsonNelson Piquet, Jr. 1
Pollard, LarryLarry Pollard 1
Reutimann, DavidDavid Reutimann 1
Rudd, RickyRicky Rudd 1
Ruttman, JoeJoe Ruttman 1
Sacks, GregGreg Sacks 1
Said, BorisBoris Said 1
Santerre, AndyAndy Santerre 1
Settlemyre, JohnJohn Settlemyre 1
Skinner, MikeMike Skinner 1
Sprague, JackJack Sprague 1
Teague, BradBrad Teague 1

List of manufacturers' championship winners[edit]

Year Manufacturer
1982 Pontiac
1983 Oldsmobile
1984 Pontiac
1985
1986
1987 Chevrolet
1988 Buick
1989
1990
1991 Oldsmobile
1992 Chevrolet
1993
1994
1995 Ford
1996 Chevrolet
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002 Ford
2003 Chevrolet
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008 Toyota
2009
2010
2011 Ford
2012 Chevrolet
2013 Ford

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ryan, Nate (September 18, 2013). "Nationwide to end sponsorship of NASCAR's No. 2 series". USA Today. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "NASCAR names XFINITY as new series sponsor". September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014. 
  3. ^ The Busch Series dilemma
  4. ^ Nationwide Insurance to be sponsor of No. 2 Series
  5. ^ NASCAR Scene, October 11, 2007, Vol. XXXI — No. 24, p32
  6. ^ Mickle, Tripp (28 August 2014). "Comcast, NASCAR To Announce 10-Year Deal Next Week For Xfinity To Title No. 2 Series". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  7. ^ Speedwaymedia.com "The Dangers of Bushwhacking" Retrieved May 23, 2009
  8. ^ NEXTEL Cup race with pole speed listed Busch Series race with pole speed listed
  9. ^ Thatsracin.com "NASCAR races in the rain in Montreal". Retrieved January 23, 2009.
  10. ^ "Yahoo! Canada Sports — Sports News, Scores, Rumors, Fantasy Games, and more". Ca.sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2010-07-13. 
  11. ^ Mark Aumann (2007-10-28). "COT planned for 2009 Nationwide Series debut — Oct 28, 2007". Nascar.Com. Retrieved 2010-07-13. 
  12. ^ "Yahoo! Canada Sports — Sports News, Scores, Rumors, Fantasy Games, and more". Ca.sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2010-07-13. 
  13. ^ "NASCAR Nationwide Series Page". Racing-Reference.info. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 

External links[edit]