The Pennsalt Historic District, founded c. 1850, in Natrona
|Elevation||758 ft (231 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||724, 878|
|GNIS feature ID||1182182|
Natrona is an unincorporated community in Harrison Township, Allegheny County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is located in western Pennsylvania within the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area, approximately 24 miles (39 km) northeast of Downtown Pittsburgh. Natrona is situated along the Allegheny River at Lock and Dam Four, Pools Three and Four between Brackenridge, Natrona Heights, Karns, Allegheny Township, and Lower Burrell.
The Pennsylvania Canal once passed through Natrona and nearby communities in the early- to mid-19th century.
The Pennsylvania Railroad had a train station in Natrona at Vine and Federal streets; its rail line began running through the town in the mid-19th century. Later, the Pennsylvania Railroad merged with rival New York Central Railroad in 1968 to form the Penn Central Transportation Company. The Interstate Commerce Commission required that the ailing New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad be added in 1969. The Consolidated Rail Corporation replaced the Penn Central Transportation Company and operated freight service through Natrona from 1976 until 1999 when it was divided between two companies. The Norfolk Southern Railway then operated trains through the town. Amtrak has detoured passenger service through Natrona on occasion; its nearest station is Penn Station in Downtown Pittsburgh.
The West Penn Railways provided electric street car service to Natrona from 1906 until 1937.
Local factories, beginning with the Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Company's Natrona Works, also operated trains through Natrona. As of 2011, Allegheny Technologies used a track to transport materials between departments at its Allegheny Ludlum Brackenridge Works.
The community is located within the Highlands School District. Highlands High School and Highlands Middle School are located in Natrona Heights. Air pollution levels (particularly chromium) measured in Natrona area schools are among the worst in the United States.
Usage in popular culture
Also, the film Striking Distance (1993) starring Bruce Willis and Sarah Jessica Parker uses a sequence where boats jump over the dam at Natrona; the Tarentum Bridge can be seen just above the dam over Jacks Island, although the structure was added there later through editing. The bridge is officially named the George D. Stuart Bridge (part of Pennsylvania Route 366) and actually located about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) downstream spanning the river between Tarentum and New Kensington.
- Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of U.S. President William McKinley in 1901, spent part of his teenage years working at a glass factory located in the town.
- Environmentalism – Natrona has a United States Environmental Protection Agency Superfund site
- Samuel Kier operated salt and oil wells in the 19th century at Natrona.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
- Natrona Bottling Company – a local manufacturer of soft drink beverages
- Rachel Carson lived in nearby Springdale during her youth.
- "Natrona". Geographic Names Information System. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
- "Lock and Dam 4". Retrieved 2009-01-02.
- Hexamer, Ernest (1873-10-30). "Map Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia". Hexamer General Surveys, Volume 8; Plate(s): 738-739-740. E. Hexamer & Son. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- Hexamer, Ernest (1886-10-26). "Map Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia". Hexamer General Surveys, Volume 21; Plate(s): 2041-2042. E. Hexamer & Son. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- Hexamer, Ernest (1886-10-26). "Map Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia". Hexamer General Surveys, Volume 21; Plate(s): 2043. E. Hexamer & Son. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- Hexamer, Ernest (1893-08-26). "Map Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia". Hexamer General Surveys, Volume 28; Plate(s): 2693-2694. E. Hexamer & Son. Retrieved 2009-01-02.
- Hexamer, Ernest (1893-08-26). "Map Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia". Hexamer General Surveys, Volume 28; Plate(s): 2695. E. Hexamer & Son. Retrieved 2009-01-02.
- Sipes, William B. (1875). The Pennsylvania Railroad: Its Origin, Construction, Condition, and Connections; Embracing Historical, Descriptive, and Statistical Notices of Cities, Towns, Villages, Stations, Industries, and Objects of Interest on Its Various Lines in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Pennsylvania Railroad Company. p. 218. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "Process and Plant Capabilities—Brackenridge, PA". Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- "Process and Plant Capabilities—Natrona, PA". Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- Roderick, James E. (1914-04-01). "Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania Part II---Bituminous 1913". Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania. Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer. p. 583. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- Yerace, Tom (2008-12-10). "Pollution around Highlands schools among worst in nation". Valley News Dispatch (Tribune-Review Publishing Company). Retrieved 2009-01-02.
- Krift, F.A. (2008-04-28). "Boaters survive Allegheny River dam jump". Tribune-Review (Tribune-Review Publishing Company). Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Briggs, L. Vernon (1921). The Manner of Man That Kills.
- Rauchway, Eric (2004). "Murdering McKinley: The Making of Theodore Roosevelt's America" (paperback ed). Hill and Wang. ISBN 978-0-8090-1638-9.