Naturalisation (biology)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the spread of non-native organisms in the wild. For the process of adopting citizenship of a foreign country, see Naturalization.

In biology, naturalization is any process by which a non-native organism spreads into the wild and its reproduction is sufficient to maintain its population. Such populations are said to be naturalized.

Some populations do not sustain themselves reproductively, but exist because of continued influx from elsewhere. Such a non-sustaining population, or the individuals within it, are said to be adventive.[1] Cultivated plants are a major source of adventive populations.

Naturalized species may become invasive species if they become sufficiently abundant to have an adverse effect on native plants and animals.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Warren L. Wagner, Derral R. Herbst, and Sy H. Sohmer. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, Revised Edition, 1999. Bishop Museum Press: Hololulu