Naturalistic pantheism is a form of Pantheism that identifies God or divinity with all concrete things, all finite beings, the substance of the Universe, or Nature. Thus, God is seen as the aggregate of all unified natural phenomena. It is frequently contrasted with idealistic pantheism, in which God and the Universe are identified with the essence of being, mind or consciousness.
The term “pantheism" is derived from Greek words pan (Greek: πᾶν) meaning "all" and theos (θεός) meaning God. The term pantheism was coined by Joseph Raphson in his work De spatio reali, published in 1697. The term was also used by Irish writer John Toland in his 1705 work Socinianism Truly Stated, by a pantheist that described pantheism as the "opinion of those who believe in no other eternal being but the universe."
The term "naturalistic" derives from the word "Naturalism", which has several meanings in philosophy and aesthetics. In philosophy the term most frequently means the view that everything there is belongs to the world of nature and can be studied with the methods appropriate for studying that world, i.e. the sciences. It generally implies an absence of belief in supernatural beings.
The World Pantheist Movement promotes Naturalistic Pantheism, which it describes as including reverence for the universe, realism and strong naturalism, and respect for reason and the scientific method.
- Metaphysical naturalism
- Naturalism (philosophy)
- Religious naturalism
- World Pantheist Movement
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