Naum Veqilharxhi

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NaumVeqilharxhi.jpg
Born Naum Bredhi
December 6, 1797
Vithkuq, Korçë southern Albania
Died 1854[1] (Aged 57)
Occupation lawyer
Language Albanian
Ethnicity Albanian
Notable work(s) Evëtor

Naum Veqilharxhi born Naum Bredhi (1797-1854[1]) was an Albanian lawyer and scholar. In 1844, he created a unique alphabet for the Albanian language using characters he had created himself, the Vithkuqi script. Veqilharxhi is one of most prominent figures of the early Albanian National Awakening.

Life[edit]

Naum Veqilharxhi was born Naum Bredhi in 1797 in the village of Vithkuq, near Korçë southern Albania. His father Panajot Bredhi was a steward of Ali Pashë Tepelena, the ruler of the Pashalik of Janina. At an early age Veqilharxhi migrated to Romania to study law. As a student he took part in the Wallachian uprising of 1821. A few years later he worked in Brăila as a lawyer, became wealthy and used his money to promote the ideas of the Albanian National Awakening.[2] In Brăila he joined an intellectual organization of Albanians, who considered the development of Albanian language and culture necessary for the Albanian National Awakening.[2]

In 1825, he started the creation of his alphabet of the Albanian language. The final version of his thirty-three-letter Vithkuqi alphabet, whose characters were invented by Veqilharxhi, was printed as part of primer in 1844-5 titled Evëtori Shqip Fort i Shkurtër (English: The most Useful and Concise Albanian Alphabet).[3] Veqilharxhi avoided the use of Latin, Greek or Arabic alphabets and characters because of their religious associations and divisions.[4] Veqilarxhi's Evëtor first distributed in Korçë and later westwards as far as Berat, where it reached great success.[5] On April 22, 1845 Athanas Paskali, one of the notable people of Korçë, along with others sent him a letter requesting as many more copies as possible.[5]

In 1845 Veqilharxhi sent a polemic open letter written in the Greek language to his nephew, who had dared call his patriotic ideas chimera: the letter is considered to be one of the first written documents to record the main ideas of the Albanian National Awakening movement.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Islami, Selim (1984). "4". Historia e Shqiperise (in Albanian) 2. Academy of Sciences of Albania. p. 134. 
  2. ^ a b Treptow, Kurt (1992). From Zalmoxis to Jan Palach: studies in East European history. East European monographs 328. East European Monographs. p. 98. ISBN 0-88033-225-5. 
  3. ^ Norris, H.T (1993). Islam in the Balkans: religion and society between Europe and the Arab world. University of South Carolina Press. p. 247. ISBN 0-87249-977-4. 
  4. ^ Straehle, Carolin (1974). International journal of the sociology of language. Mouton. p. 5. 
  5. ^ a b Michelson, Paul (2002). National development in Romania and southeastern Europe. Center for Romanian Studies. p. 54. ISBN 973-9432-37-9. 
  6. ^ Islami, p.137