Naumburg (Saale)

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For Naumburg in Hesse, see Naumburg, Hesse.
Naumburg (Saale)
Naumburg Panorama.jpg
Coat of arms of Naumburg (Saale)
Coat of arms
Naumburg (Saale)   is located in Germany
Naumburg (Saale)
Naumburg (Saale)
Coordinates: 51°9′N 11°49′E / 51.150°N 11.817°E / 51.150; 11.817Coordinates: 51°9′N 11°49′E / 51.150°N 11.817°E / 51.150; 11.817
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Burgenlandkreis
Subdivisions 18
Government
 • Mayor Bernward Küper (CDU)
Area
 • Total 129.88 km2 (50.15 sq mi)
Elevation 130 m (430 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 32,816
 • Density 250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 06618, 06628
Dialling codes 03445, 034466, 034463
Vehicle registration BLK
Website www.naumburg.de
Bishopric of Naumburg-Zeitz
Bistum Naumburg-Zeitz
State of the Holy Roman Empire

1029–1565
Capital Naumburg
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Established 1029
 -  Secularised to Saxony 1565

Naumburg (German pronunciation: [ˈnaʊmbʊɐ̯k]) is a city in Germany, on the Saale River. It is the administrative capital of the district Burgenlandkreis, in the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt. It is approximately 60 km (37 mi) southwest of Leipzig, 50 kilometers (31 mi) south-southwest of Halle, and 40 kilometers (25 mi) north-northeast of Jena.

Local industries include the manufacture of foodstuffs, textiles, machinery and toys.

Naumburg is in a wine-growing region, with numerous vineyards in the surrounding area. SC Naumburg was a former football club in the city from September 1899 to 1908.

History[edit]

The first written record of Naumburg dates from 1012, when it was mentioned as the new castle of the Ekkehardinger, the Margrave of Meissen. It was founded at the crossing of two trade-routes. The successful foundation not long beforehand of a Propstei Church on the site of the later Naumburger Cathedral was mentioned in the Merseburg Bishops' Chronicles in 1021. In 1028 Pope John XIX gave his approval for the transfer of the bishopric from Zeitz to Naumburg. Until 1568, during the Reformation, Naumburg was the seat of the bishops. The last Catholic bishop was Julius von Pflug. The foundation of the Cathedral school is dated to 1030. Naumburg has been known as a city since 1144.

Naumburg was a significant trading centre on the Via Regia in the Middle Ages, especially because of the Naumburg Trade Fairs, first known to have taken place in 1278. The emergence of Leipzig as a trade-fair centre from 1500 and the Thirty Years' War adversely affected the Naumburg economy.

The ecclesiastical domain was secularised in middle of the 16th century and transferred to the Dukes of Saxony, who administered the district through a government endowment (Stiftsregierung) and later provided administrators.

After the fraternal agreement between the four brothers of John George I, Elector of Saxony, in 1657 the Naumburg district came into the possession of the secondogeniture of Saxe-Zeitz, which was inherited by Moritz, the youngest of the brothers.

Before the Moritzburg castle was built in nearby Zeitz, the city castle in Naumburg served as the residence of this line. This period came to an end with the death of the last Protestant representative of the Saxe-Zeitz line in the year 1718. The Naumburg district reverted to the Dukes of Saxony in Dresden and became fully integrated into Albertine Saxony. However, it remained until 1815 the seat of its own administrative authority (Consistory of the district of Naumburg-Zeitz). After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Naumburg was ceded to the Kingdom of Prussia, becoming part of the Province of Saxony. It gained control over the cathedral and its close in 1832.

In 1846 the city was connected to the rail line from Halle to Erfurt, in 1889 to Artern and eventually in 1900 to Teuchern. On 15 September 1892 a steam tramway opened in Naumburg. From 2 January 1907 the Naumburg tramway was electrified.

Although industry was only weakly developed, a socialist club was founded in 1848. During the 1920 Kapp Putsch five workers were killed. The establishment of the local Communist Party followed in December 1920. Under the German Democratic Republic Naumburg was a centre of mechanical engineering, pharmaceuticals, metal-working and footwear manufacture. It was also a garrison town for the Soviet Air Force. Unofficial estimates are that the number of Soviet military personnel approximately equalled that of the local population. The fall of communism in 1989 was accompanied by demonstrations and gatherings in the churches of the city.

Population levels:

  • 1300 - ca. 3000
  • 1755 - 6,987
  • 1840 - 12,674
  • 1875 - 16,258
  • 1880 - 17,868
  • 1890 - 19,807
  • 1925 - 29,337
  • 1933 - 31,427
  • 1939 - 36,940
  • 1946 - 41,379 1
  • 1950 - 40,595 2
  • 1960 - 37,377
  • 1981 - 33,585
  • 1984 - 32,610
  • 1995 - 30,867
  • 1997 - 30,530
  • 2000 - 30,399
  • 2001 - 30,388
  • 2002 - 30,279
  • 2003 - 29,933
  • 2004 - 29,927
  • 2006 - 29,521 3

1: 29. October
2: 31. August
3: 30. June

climate[edit]

Naumburg has an oceanic climate with warm summers and cool winters with some mild to warm and cold Winterdays. The Summer has got hot or very hot days with temperature above 30°C. The hightes temperature in Naumburg was with 37°C on July 2010 and the lowest with -20°C on February 2012. The summer in Naumburg are very humid with a hight Humidex. The July in Summer 2000 was very cool with high temperatures from just 20°C in the night 11°C. And the Juli in year 2010 was very hot with high temperatures from 28°C and in the night ca. 16°C.

Climate data for naumburg 1992-2013
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16
(61)
19
(66)
24
(75)
30
(86)
33
(91)
34
(93)
37
(99)
37
(99)
33
(91)
26
(79)
19
(66)
16
(61)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
14
(57)
18
(64)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
19
(66)
14
(57)
7
(45)
3
(37)
13,4
(56)
Average low °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(30)
2
(36)
5
(41)
9
(48)
12
(54)
14
(57)
14
(57)
9
(48)
6
(43)
2
(36)
−1
(30)
5,8
(42.5)
Record low °C (°F) −19
(−2)
−20
(−4)
−13
(9)
−6
(21)
0
(32)
4
(39)
7
(45)
5
(41)
1
(34)
−6
(21)
−11
(12)
−18
(0)
−20
(−4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 27
(1.06)
25
(0.98)
34
(1.34)
31
(1.22)
57
(2.24)
59
(2.32)
75
(2.95)
54
(2.13)
54
(2.13)
34
(1.34)
45
(1.77)
40
(1.57)
535
(21.06)
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[2]
Source #2: Weatherbase (sun only)[3]

Main sights[edit]

The most important architectural landmark of the city is St. Peter and Paul's Cathedral (known in German as the Naumburger Dom), an impressive late Romanesque and Gothic Cathedral, built between the 13th and 15th centuries.

The early Gothic western rood screen was built in 1250. The eastern screen was added in the high Gothic style in the first half of the 14th century. The Romanesque crypt under the east gallery was established around 1170 and was part of an earlier building. Both of the towers at the east end of the church are octagonal and have Baroque canopies. The south-western spire was completed only in 1884; both western spires are closely modelled on the spires of the cathedrals of Laon and Bamberg. The pulpit dates from 1466.

Its interior includes windows from the Middle Ages, as well as the famous 13th-century statues of the founders of the cathedral, Margrave Ekkehard and his wife Uta, along with other local nobles.

The western tower has been open to the public since Easter 2007, after having long been closed for renovations.

Other attractions include:

  • The late Gothic city hall (Rathaus).
  • The late Renaissance residence of the Duke Moritz of Saxony-Zeitz.
  • The Gothic St. Wenceslas Church, which displays paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder and the Hildebrandt organ that Johann Sebastian Bach played on.
  • The former bishop's castle Schönburg, which overlooks the city and the Saale River.

Some parts of the medieval city fortifications survive, including one of the old city gates, the Marientor.

The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche spent his childhood and his later years in Naumburg in the home of his mother's family. The house, known as the Nietzsche-Haus, is now a museum.

Hussite Cherry Festival[edit]

Every year on the last weekend in June, when the cherries are ripe, the city of Naumburg celebrates the Hussite Cherry Festival. This festival has a long tradition and dates back to at least the 16th century. Since the 17th century the celebrations have been connected with a supposed (but actually fictitious) siege of Naumburg by the Hussites in 1432. A teacher is said to have led his pupils outside the gates of the beleaguered city to beg the Hussite commander Andreas Prokop for mercy. The latter granted their request and gave the children cherries. The legend is commemorated in the song "Die Hussiten zogen vor Naumburg" (The Hussites marched on Naumburg) written by Karl Friedrich Seyferth in 1832.

People[edit]

pedigree of "Naumburg"

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden 31.12.2012". Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German). January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in German). Retrieved September 8, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Naumburg, Germany". Weatherbase. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 

External links[edit]